The Shankill Road bombing missed its target as the UDA members decided to reschedule their meeting at the last minute and had already left the … The local population is predominantly Irish nationalist and republican. James Pratt Craig was an Ulster loyalist paramilitary during The Troubles in Northern Ireland in the latter half of the 20th Century, who was a member of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), and was a command member of its Inner Council. The Shankill bombing happened at Frizzell's fish shop on 23 October 1993. The Provisional IRA attempted to assassinate the UDA leadership, who were due to meet above Frizzell’s fish shop. During the early 1990s, loyalist paramilitaries drastically increased their attacks on the Irish Catholic and Irish nationalist community and – for the first time since the beginning of the Troubles – were responsible for more deaths than republicans. Unbeknownst to the IRA, the meeting had been rescheduled. 17 comments on “ Remembering The Shankill Road Bombing ” goggzilla. [11] It had an eleven-second fuse, and the IRA stated that this would have allowed just enough time to clear the downstairs shop but not enough for those upstairs to escape. The father of IRA bomber Thomas Begley … It was first used in this context in 1974, and has since been used to claim the killings of at least 41 Catholic civilians. Share. Cutting through the center of the working class, loyalist heartland area of the Shankill, it was a hotbed of violence during The Troubles conflict that plagued … [26] Relatives of the victims asked the Police Ombudsman to investigate whether police knew about the attack before it happened. Families of those killed in an attack on a fish shop in Shankill Road, Belfast, gathered at a church today for a service to remember the victims 25 years after the IRA bombing. [10] According to Henry McDonald and Jim Cusack, the IRA had the building under surveillance for some time. [8] Adair denied the claims. Billy McQuiston told journalist Peter Taylor that "anybody on the Shankill Road that day, from a Boy Scout to a granny, if you'd given them a gun they would have gone out and retaliated". However, when the IRA members entered the shop with the bomb, it exploded prematurely. They explain that it would have severely damaged his credibility within the republican movement and made it difficult for him to secure an IRA ceasefire. The latter had been in a pub on the nearest corner when the bomb went off. At 12.25 pm on 11 December 1971, when the Shankill Road was packed with Saturday shoppers, a green car pulled up outside the Balmoral Furniture Company at the corner of Carlow Street and Shankill Road. [4][5] The plan was for two IRA members to enter the shop with a time bomb, force out the customers at gunpoint and flee before it exploded; killing those at the meeting. Carried out by the Provisional Irish Republican Army on 23 October 1993 and is one of the most notorious incidents of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. New claims have come to light which allege that police officers may have known about the bombing in advance. [15][16] Begley was given a well-attended republican funeral in west Belfast. October 8, 2013. The group claimed responsibility using their cover name "Ulster Freedom Fighters", saying the attack was revenge for the Shankill Road bombing by the Provisional IRA a week earlier. Another bomber, Thomas Begley, was also killed in the blast. IRA members maintained that they would have warned the customers as the bomb was primed. [4] It is alleged that British intelligence failed to act on a tip off about the bombing. [3] More than fifty people were wounded. The upper floor came down upon those inside the shop, crushing many of the survivors under the rubble, where they remained until rescued some hours later by volunteers and emergency services. ... covered in hundreds of tributes dating from the weeks after the bombing. No need to register, buy now! The Shankill Bomb Stephen Nolan recounts the events of October 23 1993, when the IRA placed a bomb in a fish shop along a packed Shankill Road, killing nine people and injuring scores of … I was on duty that day on the Springfield Road. Shankill Road bombing 22:43, 27 OCT 2018. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. [4][5] The UDA's Inner Council and West Belfast brigade regularly met there on Saturdays. Adair had become the group's commander in 1990. [11] Begley was blown to pieces and nine other people[9]—including the owner John Frizzell, his daughter Sharon McBride, 13-year-old Leanne Murray and UDA member Michael Morrison—were killed in the blast. 17 comments on “ Remembering The Shankill Road Bombing ” goggzilla. The Castlerock killings took place on 25 March 1993 in the village of Castlerock, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. [1] As they believed the meeting was being held in the room above the shop, the bomb was designed to send the blast upwards. There were also several other smaller bombs planted around Northern Ireland but other than causing damage they didn't kill or injure anyone. Many Protestants saw the bombing as an indiscriminate attack on them. The Springfield Road is a residential area and road traffic thoroughfare adjacent to the Falls Road in west Belfast. Relatives of those killed in the Shankill Road bombing adopted different positions during the 20th anniversary commemorative events in 2013. They drove from Ardoyne to the Shankill in a hijacked blue Ford Escort, which they parked on Berlin Street, around the corner from Frizzell's. It passes through the New Lodge, Newington and Glengormley areas of Northern Ireland amongst others. However, most of its victims were Irish Catholic civilians, who were often chosen at random. [8] At the scene during the rescue operation were several senior loyalists, including Adair and Billy McQuiston. Dressed as deliverymen, they entered the shop with the five-pound bomb in a holdall. This article recounts the violence and other effects related to The Troubles in Portadown, County Armagh, Northern Ireland. [8] According to Henry McDonald and Jim Cusack, the IRA had the building under surveillance for some time. [17] On 26 October, the UDA shot dead another two Catholic civilians and wounded five in an indiscriminate attack at a Council Depot on Kennedy Way, Belfast. [20] [21] Gerry Adams, president of Sinn Féin, used "unusually strong language" in condemning the bombing, saying it was wrong and could not be excused. The day after the attack (Sunday), the security forces were sent to guard all Catholic churches in Belfast. The Provisional IRA's intended target was a meeting of loyalist paramilitary leaders, which was to take place above a fish shop. The fish shop bombing, known as The Shankill Road Bombing, occurred in 1993 and is one of the most well-known single incidents of the Troubles. The Greysteel massacre was a mass shooting that took place on the evening of 30 October 1993 in Greysteel, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. A UDA member said that a carload of gunmen were sent to attack Holy Family Catholic Church on the Limestone Road, but called off the attack due to the high security. The Shankill Bomb Stephen Nolan recounts the events of October 23 1993, when the IRA placed a bomb in a fish shop along a packed Shankill Road, killing nine people and injuring scores of … Two IRA men, Thomas Begley and Sean Kelly, posed as fishmongers and … Most of these actions took place during the conflict known as "the Troubles" in Northern Ireland. Organisers said it … Monday's procession stopped at the sites of five different bombings during the Troubles. Families of those killed in an attack on a fish shop in Shankill Road, Belfast, gathered at a church today for a service to remember the victims 25 years after the IRA bombing. The latter had been in a pub on the nearest corner when the bomb went off. They believe the goal was to cause mass civilian casualties, weakening those in the IRA who opposed a ceasefire and who wanted to continue the armed campaign. The Shankill bombing happened at Frizzell's fish shop on 23 October 1993. [12] On 30 October, UDA members entered a pub in Greysteel frequented by Catholics and again opened-fire indiscriminately. The Ulster Defence Association (UDA) is an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland. The Shankill Road bombing was carried out by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) on 23 October 1993 and is one of the most notorious incidents of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. In the 1970s, uniformed UDA members openly patrolled these areas armed with batons and held large marches and rallies. [11], In 2016, allegations were made that the IRA commander who planned the bombing was a police informer for the RUC's Special Branch, and that he told his handlers of the planned attack. A UDA member said that a carload of gunmen were sent to attack Holy Family Catholic Church on the Limestone Road, but called off the attack due to the high security. This was a cover name used by the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), a loyalist paramilitary organisation. The first Shankill residents lived at the bottom of what is now known as Glencairn: a small settlement of ancient people inhabited a ring fort, built where the Ballygomartin and Forth rivers meet. [12], At Begley's wake, a British soldier fired upon a group of mourners standing outside Begley's home. It occurred on 23 October 1993 in Belfast. The fish shop bombing, known as The Shankill Road Bombing, occurred in 1993 and is one of the most well-known single incidents of the Troubles. The name Protestant Action Force (PAF) was used by loyalists, especially members of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), to claim responsibility for a number of paramilitary attacks during the Troubles. about the October 1993 Shankill Road bombing is suspected by a number of former Belfast IRA comrades of having deliberately “jarked” the device so it exploded prematurely, to cause maximum civilian casualties and so weaken the “hawk” wing within the Provos opposed to an IRA ceasefire. This garden is dedicated to those who lost their lives in the Shankhill Road bombing of 1993, and to other victims of terrorism from this community. October 8, 2013. The British government outlawed the "UFF" in November 1973, but the UDA itself was not proscribed as a terrorist group until August 1992. Much of it has been related to the Drumcree parade dispute. The court heard that the soldiers had been shown a photograph of Copeland before being sent on patrol. The Bombing. The Shankill bombing happened at Frizzell's fish shop on 23 October 1993. [6] Adair believed that the bomb was meant for him. The Shankill Road bombing or Shankill bomb was one of the most notorious incidents of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. The aftermath of the Frizell’s Fish shop bombing in Shankill Road in 1993, which killed nine innocent people and one bomber [24], Seán Kelly, the surviving IRA member, was badly wounded in the blast, having lost his left eye and was unable to move his left arm. It forms part of the A6 road, a traffic route which links Belfast to Derry. [4] As they believed the meeting was being held in the room above the shop, the bomb was designed to send the blast upwards. Key Information. However, he was criticised for being a pall-bearer at Begley's funeral. [1], Unknown to the IRA, if a UDA meeting had taken place, it had ended early [9] [2] and those attending it had left the building before the bomb exploded. [8] Many Protestants saw the bombing as an indiscriminate attack on them. Aside from controlling rackets and extorting protection money from a variety of businesses, it was claimed that Craig also participated in paramilitary murders. Begley was killed when a bomb he was planting on the Shankill Road, West Belfast, Northern Ireland exploded prematurely, killing him, a UDA member and eight Protestant civilians. Cardinal Cahal Daly believed Gerry Adams had been “horrified’ by the Shankill bombing that killed 10 people. Memorial Gardens, Shankill 8621 Belfast, Northern Ireland. One of these was the bomb murderously detonated in Frizzell’s Fish Shop on the Shankill Road, Belfast, on 23rd October 1993. [1] [2] The plan allegedly was for two IRA members to enter the shop with a time bomb, force out the customers at gunpoint and flee before it exploded; killing those at the meeting. The Shankill Road bombing was carried out by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) on 23 October 1993 and is one of the most notorious incidents of the Troubles in Northern Ireland.The IRA aimed to assassinate the leadership of the loyalist Ulster Defence Association (UDA), attending a meeting above Frizzell's fish shop on the Shankill Road, Belfast. Among those wounded was republican activist Eddie Copeland, who needed extensive surgery. This is a timeline of actions by the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group since 1966. His death so near to the ceasefire was a mockery of republican principles. The Shankill Road bombing was carried out by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) on 23 October 1993 and is one of the most notorious incidents of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. [14] On 26 October, the UDA shot dead another two Catholic civilians and wounded five in an indiscriminate attack at a Council Depot on Kennedy Way, Belfast. The Provisional IRA attempted to assassinate the UDA leadership, who were due to meet above Frizzell’s fish shop. For actions before and after this period see Chronology of Provisional Irish Republican Army actions. Alongside the Republican Falls Road, the Shankill Road is one of the most well-known roads in Belfast. IRA members maintained that they would have warned the customers as the bomb was primed. Dressed as deliverymen, they entered the shop with the five-pound bomb in a holdall. Shankill Road bombing. This is a chronology of activities by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA), from 1990 to 1999. [10] Whilst Kelly waited at the door, Begley made his way through the customers towards the counter, where the bomb detonated prematurely. [11] They were the owner John Frizzell (63); his daughter Sharon McBride (29); Leanne Murray (13); UDA member Michael Morrison (27); [14] his partner Evelyn Baird (27) and their daughter Michelle (7); George Williamson (63) and his wife Gillian (49); and Wilma McKee (38). The soldier fired twenty shots from a passing Land Rover. The Shankill Road bombing (or Shankill bomb) was carried out by the Provisional Irish Republican Army on 23 October 1993 and is one of the most notorious incidents of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. [8] [9], The operation would be carried out by Thomas Begley and Seán Kelly, two IRA members in their early twenties from Ardoyne. Of the two terrorists who carried out the bombing, one died, one survived. The shankill graveyard is well over a 1000 years old and has a lot of historical value. [11] Forensic evidence showed that Begley had been holding the bomb over the refrigerated serving counter when it exploded. There was great anger and outrage in the Shankill in the wake of the bombing. Shankill Road bombing. Eight civilians (six Catholics and two Protestants) were killed and 13 were wounded. This information allegedly came from classified documents stolen by the IRA from Castlereagh RUC base in 2002. The Shankill Road bombing was carried out by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) on 23 October 1993 and is one of the most notorious incidents of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. The ex-IRA man reported to have been a security force double-agent who tipped off his handlers about the October 1993 Shankill Road bombing is suspected by a … Now, some fourteen years since the penetration of the Castlereagh base and twenty-three since the mass-murder on the Shankill Road, the Irish News has made a serious of shocking allegations which have sparked new controversy. IRA killer says sorry for bombing that went 'technically wrong' and murdered nine people. [5], The IRA's Belfast Brigade launched an operation to assassinate the UDA's top commanders, whom it believed were at the meeting. The men were all Catholics. A bomb on the Shankill Road on October 23rd, 1993, killed 10 people. The Battle at Springmartin was a series of gun battles in Belfast, Northern Ireland on 13–14 May 1972. It resulted in a wave of revenge attacks by loyalists, who killed 14 civilians in the week that followed, almost all of them Catholics. The Shankill Road bombing was carried out by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) on 23 October 1993 and is one of the most notorious incidents of the Troubles in Northern Ireland.The IRA intended to assassinate the leaders of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), who were to be meeting in a room above Frizzell's fish shop on Shankill Road, Belfast. Since 2003, he, his family and a number of supporters have been forced to leave Northern Ireland by the mainstream UDA. The IRA intended to assassinate the leaders of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), who were to be meeting in a room above Frizzell's fish shop on Shankill Road , Belfast . [20] Others, such as Taoiseach Albert Reynolds and RUC Chief Constable Hugh Annesley, agreed with this view. The Balmoral Furniture Company bombing was a paramilitary attack that took place on 11 December 1971 in Belfast, Northern Ireland. The shop was in an Irish nationalist area and all of the dead were local Catholic civilians. [2] It was shortly after 1 pm on a Saturday afternoon and the area was crowded with mostly women and children. Twenty years on from the Shankill Road bomb in Belfast, the local community looks back on how it impacted upon the area. Find the perfect shankill road bombing stock photo. The upper floor came down upon those inside the shop, crushing many of the survivors under the rubble, where they remained until rescued some hours later by volunteers and emergency services. [1] More than fifty people were wounded. [4][6][7] Peter Taylor says it was also the office of the Loyalist Prisoners' Association (LPA), and on Saturday mornings was normally crowded, as that was when money was given to prisoners' families. [10] Many Protestants saw the bombing as an indiscriminate attack on them. [2], The IRA's Belfast Brigade launched an operation to assassinate the UDA's top commanders, whom it believed were at the meeting. [1] [2] The UDA's Inner Council and West Belfast brigade regularly met there on Saturdays. [6] Michael Stone and another UDA member said that Adair also vowed to launch simultaneous attacks on Catholics attending mass in Belfast. [12] The UDA shot a Catholic delivery driver in Belfast after luring him to a bogus call just a few hours after the bombing. [12] Whilst Kelly waited at the door, Begley made his way through the customers towards the counter, where the bomb detonated prematurely. The Shankill Road itself was an ancient track, the main link from County Down to Antrim, known then as the Antrim Road , in 1831 is when the Shankill Road offically got its name. This became known as the Greysteel massacre. The bombing took place in the heart of the loyalist Shankill Road . [6] Adair denied the claims. perps= Provisional Irish Republican Army The Shankill Road bombing in Belfast, sometimes referred to as the Shankill bomb, was one of the most notorious incidents of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. The Shankill Road bombing missed its target as the UDA members decided to reschedule their meeting at the last minute and had already left the … Twenty years on from the Shankill Road bomb in Belfast, the local community looks back on how it impacted upon the area. A 30 second timer was fitted so he had no chance of escape. Now, some fourteen years since the penetration of the Castlereagh base and twenty-three since the mass-murder on the Shankill Road, the Irish News has made a serious of shocking allegations which have sparked new controversy. This became known as the Greysteel massacre. [6] At the scene during the rescue operation were several senior loyalists, including Adair and Billy McQuiston. Described by journalist David McKittrick as "Belfast's foremost paramilitary extortionist", Craig allegedly colluded at times with the enemies of the UDA, Irish Republican groups such as the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) and Irish National Liberation Army (INLA), providing them with information on key loyalists which led to their subsequent murders. Adair believed that the bomb was meant for him. The UDA's Shankill headquarters was above Frizzell's fish shop on the Shankill Road. "The Shankill Road bombing, we all know inflicted awful hurt upon the people who were killed and those people who were injured. At 12.25 pm on 11 December 1971, when the Shankill Road was packed with Saturday shoppers, a green car pulled up outside the Balmoral Furniture Company at the corner of Carlow Street and Shankill Road. Thomas Begley, was a Belfast Brigade of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) Volunteer. His death so near to the ceasefire was a mockery of republican principles. Most of these actions took place during the conflict known as "the Troubles" in Northern Ireland. [12] The force of the blast caused the old building to collapse into a pile of rubble. He was convicted of the IRA bombing of Frizzell’s fish shop on the Shankill Road in Belfast in 1993, which killed nine people, including two children. ... covered in hundreds of tributes dating from the weeks after the bombing. [9] Upon his release from hospital, however, he was arrested and convicted of nine counts of murder, each with a corresponding life sentence. [6] [7] The UDA's West Belfast brigade, and its commander Johnny Adair, played a key role in this. perps= Provisional Irish Republican Army The Shankill Road bombing in Belfast, sometimes referred to as the Shankill bomb, was one of the most notorious incidents of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. The Shankill Road bombing was carried out by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) on 23 October 1993 and is one of the most notorious incidents of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. The soldier fired twenty shots from a passing Land Rover. [11] In an interview shortly after his release, he said he had never intended to kill innocent people and regrets what happened. The Antrim Road is a major arterial route and area of housing and commerce that runs from inner city north Belfast to Dunadry, passing through Newtownabbey and Templepatrick. Wikipedia/Fair Use. The IRA intended to assassinate loyalist paramilitary leaders, who were to be meeting in a room above Frizzell's fish shop on Shankill Road, Belfast. Another was wounded. The soldier who fired the shots, Trooper Andrew Clarke, was jailed for ten years for attempted murder. The IRA aimed to assassinate the leadership of the loyalist Ulster Defence Association (UDA), supposedly attending a meeting above Frizzell's fish shop on the Shankill Road, Belfast. However, he was criticised for being a pall-bearer at Begley's funeral. About 57 people were injured. [4] They say that the IRA decided to strike when one of their scouts spotted Adair entering the building on the morning of Saturday 23 October 1993. During the early 1990s, loyalist paramilitaries drastically increased their attacks on the Irish Catholic and Irish nationalist community and – for the first time since the beginning of the Troubles – were responsible for more deaths than republicans. Billy McQuiston told journalist Peter Taylor that "anybody on the Shankill Road that day, from a Boy Scout to a granny, if you'd given them a gun they would have gone out and retaliated". The Troubles in Ardoyne lists incidents during the Troubles in the Ardoyne district of Belfast, Northern Ireland. Adair had become the group's commander in 1990. [2][8] Among those rescued from the rubble was the badly-wounded Seán Kelly. The deadliest attack was the Greysteel massacre. [18] [19] Begley was given a well-attended republican funeral in west Belfast. [4][5] McDonald and Cusack claim that Adair and his men had stopped using the room for important meetings, allegedly because a sympathiser within the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) told Adair that the police had it bugged. [2] [1] McDonald and Cusack state that Adair and his men had stopped using the room for important meetings, allegedly because a sympathiser within the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) told Adair that the police had it bugged. Civilian attacks similar to or like Shankill Road bombing. Brief Description. [6] Two days after the bombing, as Adair was driving away from his house, he stopped and told a police officer "I'm away to plan a mass murder". The day after the attack (Sunday), the security forces were sent to guard all Catholic churches in Belfast. [5] It was shortly after 1PM on a Saturday afternoon and the area was crowded with mostly women and children. Kelly was convicted of the IRA’s 1993 bombing of a Shankill Road fish shop which killed nine people, including two children. [1], There was great anger and outrage in the Shankill in the wake of the bombing. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Improvised explosive device bombings in Northern Ireland, Provisional Irish Republican Army actions, Chronology of Provisional Irish Republican Army actions (1990–99), Timeline of Ulster Defence Association actions, Malcolm Sutton's Index of Deaths from the Conflict in Ireland: 23 October 1993, "Freed Shankill bomber regrets 'accident'", Remembering a black week in Irish history, "Leading Republican awarded almost £28,000 shooting by soldier", https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Shankill_Road_bombing?oldid=4304639. He died on 25 October. It occurred on 23 October 1993 in Belfast. #1 Shankill Road bombing Civilian Attack Updated: 2020-05-17 The Shankill Road bombing was carried out by the Provisional Irish Republican Army on 23 October 1993 and is one of the most notorious incidents of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. They drove from Ardoyne to the Shankill in a hijacked blue Ford Escort, which they parked on Berlin Street, around the corner from Frizzell's. [25]. Unbeknownst to the IRA, the meeting had been rescheduled. Begley was what was formerly known as “retarded”. [1] Later, in a secretly-recorded conversation with police, Adair confirmed that he had been in the building that morning. [1] They say that the IRA decided to strike when one of their scouts spotted Adair entering the building on the morning of Saturday 23 October 1993. [8] The UVF killed three Catholic men and a 15-year-old boy, with shootings around Belfast later in the year. It was formed in September 1971 as an umbrella group for various loyalist groups and undertook an armed campaign of almost twenty four years as one of the participants of the Troubles. 1993 terrorist attack in Belfast, Northern Ireland, assassination of British ambassador to Ireland, Chronology of Provisional Irish Republican Army actions (1990–99), Timeline of Ulster Defence Association actions, Malcolm Sutton's Index of Deaths from the Conflict in Ireland: 23 October 1993, "The history of collusion between MI5 and the IRA", "Freed Shankill bomber regrets 'accident'", Remembering a black week in Irish history, http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/victims/memorials/static/photos/1130.html, "Leading Republican awarded almost £28,000 shooting by soldier", "BBC News – UK – I only want justice says bomb victims' daughter", "Top level agent gave information on Shankill attack", "Shankill Road bomb: IRA double-agent 'deliberately set device to explode prematurely'", BBC interview with a victim of the attack, Bombings of King's Cross and Euston stations, Belfast, Crumlin, Killyleagh & Coleraine attacks, Ceasefires of the Provisional IRA, UVF, UDA and RHC. 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