Table 5. Despite the fact that migrant-workers make up less than 4.2 per cent of the total number of economically active population of the developed countries, the role of labor migration for many receiving countries is much more significant. Thus, the conducted analysis showed that resulting documents of conferences and summits contain various recommendations for improving the migration policy. The mortality and fertility rates, growing gap in demographic potentials between less developed and more developed nations, as well as globalization of the world economy have resulted in the growing role of international migration in the demographic development of the globe. As for developed states, it is the principal (and in some countries – the only one) determinant of the population growth, while in the developing states it contributes to the decrease in the population growth rate and alleviates ‘population pressure’. The United Nations and International Labor Organization (ILO) official figures of international (labor) migration require some res… Compendium of Recommendations on Population and Development: Commission on Population and Development, 1994–2014. Keywords: international migration, globalization, labour migration, irregular migration, forced migration, demographic development, migration policy. URL: http://www. Currently, the region with the largest number of international migrants is Europe (more than 76.15 million people in 2015), followed by Asia (75.08 million people) and North America (54.49 million people) (UN 2015с). Additionally, capital (money) is being moved globally with the ease of electronic transference and a rise in perceived investment opportunities. Nowadays, migrants live almost in every country of the world (UN 2016). 3, May 2012 191 Manuscript received February 17, 2012; revised April 6, 2012. A discussion and release in Bangkok of an MPI-IOM issue brief examining the role of migration as a driver for development in Asia and how to integrate migration-related targets and indicators into the post-2015 development agenda. Sending countries may experience both gains and losses in the short term but may stand to gain over the longer term. It shows regional migration hubs which receive a highly diverse immigrant population – mostly from the same region but also and increasingly from all over the globe. While international migration has not accelerated on a global level, main shifts in global migration have been directional and are linked to major geopolitical and economic shifts, the concomitant rise of new migration hubs in Europe, the Gulf, and Asia, development‐driven emigration hikes in origin countries, and the lifting of emigration restrictions in former Communist and developing countries. Contemporary Philosophical Problems (pp. Increased migration probably plays only a small role in wage convergence. Regional cooperation for the management of labor migration can be divided into formal mechanisms of regional integration (migration policy as a component of regional integration), regional inter-state agreements (migration policy in the framework of inter-state agreements within a region) and less formal mechanisms, such as regional consultative processes and other informal arrangements. Table 4. This trend is closely related to the probably most painful phenomenon in international migration known as ‘brain drain’ which is a non-return migration of highly skilled specialists – scientists, engineers, physicians, etc. For example, the economic development usually requires liberalization of migration policy, while the interests of national security often require stricter policy, which could be vividly observed after the 9/11 events in the United States. On the contrary, the role of migration is as essential as before – but qualitatively different. The share of female migrants is the largest in Nepal (69 per cent), Moldova (65 per cent), and Latvia (60 per cent) (UN 2015b). The challenge of governing migration lies in its inevitability, volume, and heterogeneity. Научная серия «Международная миграция населения: Россия и современный мир». Thus, over the last 60 years the shifts in the global migration situation were primarily related to considerable changes in geography of international migrant flows as well as to the increasing number of countries involved in international migration processes. Research on its causes and consequences, requires sufficient data. Increase in the scale and geography of forced migration is related to the current stage of international relations filled with political tension, wars, ethnic conflicts, and ecological disasters (after Second World War, over 150 global and regional conflicts happened in the world). Migration and Globalization: Challenges and Perspectives for the Research Infrastructure* International migration of people is a momentous and complex phenomenon. Whether ‘replacement migration’ is able to solve problems of population ageing in developed countries is a scientific problem which requires further discussion. 2006. URL: https://treaties.un.org/pages/Index.aspx (accessed: 30.10.2015). Perhaps the clearest articulation of anti-immigration sentiment can be found in the British press. Permanent Growth and Structural Intricacy of Irregular Migration. Migration increases globalization by creating a greater diversity of cultures, different ideas, and increasing the way the economy grows. The receiving countries financially benefit from labor migration mainly via receiving tax payments, while for sending countries the financial inflow from migrant workers is more diverse. The author also points out that only a reasonable migration policy can provide a legitimate field for international migration and rational use of migrants' skills. We often hear the word globalization in many contexts and repeated frequently as a concept to denote more trade, foreign companies and even the ongoing economic crisis. At the present stage the following three levels of international migration management can be distinguished: – the global (world) level associates with a set of international treaties, agreements and other bilateral and multilateral normative legal acts on regulation of interstate territorial movements of population, and which pursues social, economic, demographic, geopolitical purposes, etc. Moscow. Aleshkovski, I. Trends in International Migrant Stock: The 2015 Revision. ; – the regional (interregional) level which is a set of agreements and other multilateral normative legal acts of integration associations, regional consultative processes and forums on migration on regulation of interstate territorial movements of population; – the national level (level of individual states) which is a set of measures and general principles to guide a government in managing the international territorial movements of population. UN. The list below is not an exhaustive list: Urban is problematic to define and no single globally accepted definition of what constitutes an urban settlement exists. Table 3. Migration of labor is an inevitable part of globalization and in the perspective of global economy it has great importance. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 19 September 2016. k.bir@mail.ru. Globalization processes within impetuous changes in global political and economic systems have abruptly intensified global migration flows and have led to dramatic shifts in global migration trends that are resulting in the formation of a new stage of migration history of the mankind. Distribution of migrant workers, by broad sub-region, 2013. Research on its causes and consequences, requires sufficient data. ILO. Females, if they took part in international migrations, used to be the male migrants' family members. Examining these phenomena illustrates just how closely migration and trade are related in this era. (including potential intellectuals such as students, post-graduate students, and trainees). The shifts in the qualitative structure of migration flows mean, first of all, an increasing number of skilled professionals among international migrants. The most important issue for receiving governments is to realize that irregular immigration is neither a form of terrorism or criminality to fight with by all means, nor should they run to another extreme and open the doors wide for migrants, so that the citizens will have to defend their indigenous rights against undesirable invasion (Aleshkovski and Iontsev 2015). In conclusion it is necessary to note that we believe that in order to overcome the dual character of migration policy and to benefit and use opportunities provided by safe, orderly and regular international migration as a resource of development one should apply a strategically adjusted approach to international migration management. Here comes the role of migration. Estimated forced migration stock at mid-year by major area, region, 1960–2015, millions. 2014•07•16. Zweitens der Richtungswechsel der Migrationsbewegungen, d. h. die Süd-Nord-Migration ist heute stärker als die Nord-Süd-Migration der Vergangenheit (von Europa nach Argentinien, Australien etc.). Growth of the International Migration Scale. Some countries define urban based on a minimum population threshold and population density, while other countries use an administrative … In combination with demographic pressure and economic pushing factors in sending countries, these circumstances make irregular migration in the contemporary world structurally insurmountable. The most significant among them are the follows: – an unprecedented growth of the international migration flows and formation of ‘nation of migrants’; – a geographic expansion of international migration flows due to involvement of practically every country of the world in migration flows; – qualitative changes in the structure of international migration flows in compliance with the requirements of globalizing labor market; – determinant role of economic migration, primarily labour migration; – sufficient growth and structural intricacy of illegal migration; – a growing scale and geographic expansion of forced migration; – growing importance of international migration for the demographic development of the world, countries of origin and destination; – dual character of migration policy at global, regional and national levels. 2015a. United Nations Treaty Collection. The collapse of the USSR and emergence of separate independent states in its place, important political and social changes in the Eastern Europe, the collapse of Yugoslavia and prolonged conflict between the Serbians and Albanians, the crisis in the Persian Gulf, civil wars in Rwanda, Somalia, and Sudan, conflicts in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya and Syria – all these and other events of the 1990s and 2000s set in motion vast and often uncontrolled international migration flows and made the international migration become one of the most important global phenomena, which had an influence on the world economy and, respectively, on globalization. All rights reserved, Kirova street 143, Scientific Series ‘International Migration of Population: Russia and the Contemporary World’. In 1965 there were 41 countries with the number of migrants exceeding 300 thousand people, while in 2000 the number of such countries grew to 66, and by 2015 it reached 81; moreover, in 37 countries the number of international migrants exceeded 1 million persons, while in ten countries it was more than 5 million persons. Global estimates of migrant workers and migrant domestic workers: results and methodology. The transformation of migratory streams into a global phenomenon has aroused a significant interest of scientists, officials, politicians, international public organizations and public in the issues of international migration. World Migration Report, including Laura Thompson, Eugenio Ambrosi, Jill Helke, Michele Klein Solomon and Clarissa Azkoul. 3 Figure 1: Evolution of the world trade/output ratio and of the share of foreign-born in the OECD population, 1960-2005 This is not to say that migration plays a minor role in the current episode of globalization. Geneve, ILO. Description. The growing role and scale of economic migration (first of all, of labor migration) is the most stable and long-lasting trend of international migration. The Role of Space Development in Globalization 195 this cursory treatment is understandable, since most of the literature focuses on international economics, implications for developing countries and the world’s poor,and potential impacts to the environment.But there is much more to the story There are no reliable data on irregular migrants in the world. 2013. International Migration Policies: Government Views and Priorities 2013. Many people think globalization still favors the rich and it’s a detriment to countries Whatever the routes and means migrants use to enter a destination country and whatever measures are taken to prevent this flow, we think that it is hardly possible to effectively counteract irregular immigration under the existing predomination of capitalistic norms when in receiving countries the employers benefit from the cheap and rightless labor of irregular migrants, so that illegal migrants become ‘pure taxpayers’ beneficial for employers and receiving state. Within the framework of this prevailing immigration policy the governments are interested to learn, who the arriving migrants are: the nationality, profession, qualification, age, family status, etc. Currently, international migrants make up nearly one of every 32 people in the world, almost one of every eight people in the developed regions and nearly one of every 65 people in developing regions. Remittances are the immediate and tangible benefit of international labor migration. A., and Iontsev, V. A. It is traditionally considered that males constitute the major part of international migrants. In terms of global economic globalization the most important issue consists in the formation of the global labor market which operates via export and import of labor resources and has developed to an unprecedented scale. Migration today serves as an instrument to adjust the skills, age and sectoral composition of national and regional labour markets. Globalization depends on three keys of advancement, the role of human migration, international trade and rapid movements of capital. At the onset of the 21st century, nearly 200 million people, about 3 percent of the global population, were international migrants. 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