"[19]:67 This estrangement entails a "process of exposure to otherness" in order to foster "the irreducible value of diversity within sameness. A cosmopolitan person: a true cosmopolite—a Renaissance man. A further state of cosmopolitanism occurred after the Second World War. The right of resort is derived from Kant's understanding of the Earth's surface as essentially communal, and further emphasizing his claims on equally shared universal rights among all human beings.[11]. Article accessed: See Cladis, Mark. 1. Criticizing the abstract nature of most versions of cosmopolitanism, Charles Blattberg has argued that any viable cosmopolitanism must be "rooted," by which he means based upon a "global patriotism. a person who is free from local, provincial, or national bias or attachment; citizen of the world; cosmopolite. However, as Appiah points out, "world" in the original sense meant "cosmos" or "universe", not earth or globe as current use assumes. Further, both theories reveal the importance of considering how best to interact with the Other and others, and what is at stake. "Individualism and Individuals": Originally published as "L'individualisme et les intellectuels," Revue bleue, 4e serie, 10 (1898): 7-13. International travel and cosmopolitanism are synonyms. For Levinas, the Other is given context in ethics and responsibility; we should think of the Other as anyone and everyone outside ourselves. noun [ C ] usually approving us. [16]:89–95 Understanding and compassion for others seems to be achieved by the understanding of others' suffering and the root causes of suffering. The word is sometimes misused to mean only "the global", either as a person who is seasoned in ways of the world, or as an adjective, to describe something with a far-reaching impact. 3. Cosmopolitan as an adjective can also be used to describe someone or something that has a vast experience of different people and places from all over the world. [citation needed], Much of the political thinking of the last two centuries has taken nationalism and the framework of the sovereign nation-state for granted. An example of cosmopolitan is a popular girls' night drink. A common way to understand Stoic cosmopolitanism is through Hierocles' circle model of identity that states that we should regard ourselves as concentric circles, the first one around the self, next immediate family, extended family, local group, citizens, countrymen, humanity. It advocates some reforms in global governance to allow world citizens to take more directly a part into political life. [7] Multilingual modern Chinese writers such as Lin Yutang, Wen Yuan-ning also translated cosmopolitanism using the now more common term shijie zhuyi (ideology of world[liness]). Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. [18] If one values the familiar more than the foreign, what are the consequences? Accessed 14 Dec. 2020. A society's sacred object would be the individual's human dignity, and the moral code guiding the society is found in that country's way of interpreting human dignity and human rights. One who is at home in every place; a citizen of the world; a cosmopolitan person.quotations ▼ 1.1. Places can also be described as cosmopolitan, meaning "diverse," or bustling with lots of people of varying nationalities. Neither is there any just reason for restraining the free circulation of people, ideas, or goods. In these instances, cosmopolitan means that people of various ethnic, cultural and/or religious backgrounds live nearby and interact with each other. Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time. 1. belonging to all the world; not limited to the politics, interests, or prejudices of one part of the world. This term is typically applied to a metropolis with a large number of different ethnic neighborhoods. [13], Philosophical cosmopolitans are moral universalists: they believe that all humans, and not merely compatriots or fellow-citizens, come under the same moral standards. In the fields of biology and geography, a species is referred to as "cosmopolitan" if its geological distribution is exhibited in all regions if not most regions of the globe. The task of world citizens becomes then to "draw the circles somehow towards the centre, making all human beings more like our fellow city dwellers, and so forth". In his posthumously published (1957) "Professional Ethics and Civic Morals" Durkheim wrote that: If each State had as its chief aim not to expand or to lengthen its borders, but to set its own house in order and to make the widest appeal to its members for a moral life on a ever higher level, then all discrepancy between national and human morals would be excluded. Different views of what constitutes this community may include a focus on moral standards, economic practices, political structures, and/or cultural forms. A number of contemporary theorists propose, directly and indirectly, various ways of becoming or being a cosmopolitan individual. 1852, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, "Hands All Round," 1.1.1. An international man and a cosmopolitan are also very similar to each other. A widely cited example of a contemporary cosmopolitan is Kwame Anthony Appiah.[14]. Find more ways to say cosmopolitan, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Durkheim, Emile. There is a tradition of cosmopolitanism, and if we had time we could study this tradition, which comes to us from, on the one hand, Greek thought with the Stoics, who have a concept of the 'citizen of the world'. 'A Communitarian Defense of Liberalism: Emile Durkheim and Contemporary Social Theory' (Stanford University Press: Stanford, 1992). [28], Emile Durkheim (1858–1917) observed the development of what he called the 'cult of the individual', which is a new religion that replaced the Christianity that was dying out, and which is centered around the sacredness of human dignity. "Cosmopolitanism: the end of Jewishness? Cosmopolitanism can be traced back to Diogenes of Sinope (c. 412 B.C. Multicultural and Public Philosophy, https://www.scribd.com/document/85771137/Durkheim-Individualism-and-the-Intellectuals, "UNIVERSALISM REVIVED: NEEDS-BASED COSMOPOLITANISM AS A FOUNDATION OF GLOBAL DEMOCRACY", "Circulating Elephants: Unpacking the Geographies of a Cosmopolitan Animal", The Global Commonwealth of Citizens: Toward a Cosmopolitan Democracy, Living in the World Risk Society by Ulrich Beck at the London School of Economics, 'Cosmopolitans' an essay on the philosophical history of cosmopolitanism, Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cosmopolitanism&oldid=991610750, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles needing cleanup from February 2012, Cleanup tagged articles without a reason field from February 2012, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from February 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2012, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Acknowledging the otherness of those who are culturally different", "Acknowledging the otherness of the future", "Acknowledging the otherness of the object", "Acknowledging the otherness of other rationalities", Miller, Michael L., and Scott Ury. Different views of what constitutes this community may include a focus on moral standards, economic practices, political structures, and/or cultural forms. individual rights and a defence of human dignity. It is through this process that others can be recognized as people. For Derrida, the foundation of ethics is hospitality, the readiness and the inclination to welcome the Other into one's home. Not too long ago, queer was still used as a slur. someone who has experience of many different parts of the world: Lisa … (of an animal, plant, etc.) Synonyms: international, global, worldwide, universal More Synonyms of cosmopolitan 2. adjective Someone who is cosmopolitan has had a lot of contact with people and things from many different countries and as a result is very open to different ideas and ways of doing things. What is a Cosmopolitan Species? [9] In Being for the Other, he writes that there is no "universal moral law," only the sense of responsibility (goodness, mercy, charity) that the Other, in a state of vulnerability, calls forth[citation needed]. European Jews were frequently accused of being "rootless cosmopolitans. The boundaries between nations, states, cultures or societies are therefore morally irrelevant. The philosophical concepts of Emmanuel Levinas, on ethics, and Jacques Derrida, on hospitality, provide a theoretical framework for the relationships between people in their everyday lives and apart from any form of written laws or codes. Define cosmopolitan. The Stoics, who later took Diogenes' idea and developed it, typically stressed that each human being "dwells [...] in two communities – the local community of our birth, and the community of human argument and aspiration". "[20]:154 When "third world" nations are drawn into economic partnerships with global capital, ostensibly to improve their national quality of life, often the only ones benefitting from this partnership are well-placed individuals and not the nation itself. cosmopolite: 1 n a sophisticated person who has travelled in many countries Synonyms: cosmopolitan Types: globetrotter , world traveler someone who travels widely and often Type of: man of the world , sophisticate a worldly-wise person [citation needed] Frantz Fanon, in The Wretched of the Earth, observes that when nations achieved independence from European colonizers, frequently there was no system in place to secure their economic future, and they became "manager[s] for Western enterprise...in practise set[ting] up its country as the brothel of Europe. cosmopolitan. … The more societies concentrate their energies inwards, on the interior life, the more they will be diverted from the disputes that bring a clash between cosmopolitanism – or world patriotism, and patriotism … Societies can have their pride, not in being the greatest or the wealthiest, but in being the most just, the best organised and in possessing the best moral constitution.[31]. This new religion would provide the new foundations of Western society, and these foundations are closely related to human rights and individual nation's constitutions. Cosmopolitan democracy, for example, suggests strengthening the United Nations and other international organizations by creating a World Parliamentary Assembly. English Language Learners Definition of cosmopolitan (Entry 2 of 2), See the full definition for cosmopolitan in the English Language Learners Dictionary, More from Merriam-Webster on cosmopolitan, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for cosmopolitan, Nglish: Translation of cosmopolitan for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of cosmopolitan for Arabic Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cosmopolitan. Love of the homeland was said to be one of the deepest feelings of the working people, expressed in the struggle against conquerors and oppressors. [22]:169[23] Cosmopolitanism, in these instances, appears to be a new form of colonization: the powerful exploit the weak and the weak eventually fight back. Nhat Hanh's philosophical beliefs are grounded in the precepts of Buddhist teachings, which involve compassion and understanding to protect and live in harmony with all people, animals, plants, and minerals. widely distributed over the globe. A cosmopolitan city is a large city with a diverse culture. An Essay on Exteriority. "[26], More general philosophical reviews of cosmopolitanism and multiculturalism are also available. Cosmopolitanism sees global capital as a possible threat to the nation state and places it within a meta-power game in which global capital, states and civil society are its players. The Venus Project, an international, multidisciplinary educational organization created by Jacque Fresco, works to spread cosmopolitan ideas by transcending artificial boundaries currently separating people and emphasizing an understanding our interdependence with nature and each other. Gilroy's model of estrangement might actually undermine itself through its examples; this might be construed as a failure of Gilroy's theory to address the practical difficulties of estranging oneself from the familiar.[19]. ; citizen of the world. "[19]:67 Estrangement, therefore, could lead to de-emphasising the familiar in ethics by integrating otherness. Ethics in a World of Strangers, London: Penguin Books. / ˌkɒz.məˈpɒl.ɪ.t ə n /. Cosmopolitanism was said to promote the dismantling of national and patriotic traditions and national culture. He develops Bruno Latour's conception of the philosopher as public diplomat. [32], During this process, it is possible to recognize ourselves in our interactions with Others. Lingis A (trans) Duquesne University Press, Pittsburgh, PA 1998. pp. [citation needed], As an example, Judith Butler discusses a Western discourse of "human" in Precarious Life: The Powers of Mourning and Violence. However, it is argued by many scholars that a multicultural context, multiculturalism, is a necessity for people to develop a cosmopolitan identity. Which of the following words shares a root with. This idea is reiterated in Sunera Thobani's "Exalted Subjects: Studies in the Making of Race and Nation in Canada," where she discusses a discourse in which Muslim people fall into a good/bad dichotomy: a "good Muslim" is one who has been Westernized and a "bad Muslim" is one who visibly rejects Western cultural influences. [42], Nussbaum, Martha C. (1997). Learn a new word every day. [8] In Ancient Greece, the broadest basis of social identity at that time was either the individual city-state or the Greeks (Hellenes) as a group. Levinas's and Derrida's theories of ethics and hospitality hold out the possibility of an acceptance of the Other as different but of equal standing. cosmopolitan translation in English - Spanish Reverso dictionary, see also 'compliant',compositional',compilation',consolation', examples, definition, conjugation Cosmopolitan is defined as a person who is at home all over the world, or a type of alcoholic beverage made with vodka, lime juice, cranberry juice and orange flavored liqueur. [17] In "The Planet", Paul Gilroy explores how the construction and naturalization of race and the hierarchies produced by difference shape the hatred of others. [27] At a conference on "Philosophy in a Multicultural Context", Rasmus Winther excavated the philosophical assumptions and practices connected with cosmopolitanism and multiculturalism. For Beck, imposing a single world order was considered hegemonic at best and ethnocentric at worst. Therefore, to be responsible is to recognize and understand suffering, which then leads to compassion. Hurndall and Corrie were both killed in 2003 (in separate incidents). For Gilroy, being cosmopolitan seems to involve both a social, ethical enterprise and a cultural enterprise. [33], In addition, cosmopolitanism calls for equal protection of the environment and against the negative side effects of technological development. [1] A person who adheres to the idea of cosmopolitanism in any of its forms is called a cosmopolitan or cosmopolite. Its opposite was not chauvinist bourgeois nationalism, but patriotism; love of your native place, your country. In Scared Sacred, Velcrow Ripper takes a journey to different sites of great suffering that ultimately leads him toward developing compassion. Totality and Infinity. Nation-state theory sees power relations only among different state actors, and excludes a global economy, or subjugates it to the nation-state model. According to Levinas, our initial interactions with the Other occur before we form a will—the ability to make choices. Some forms of cosmopolitanism also fail to address the potential for economic colonization by powerful countries over less powerful ones. As an example, Kwame Anthony Appiahsuggests the possibility of a cosmopolitan community in which individuals from varyin… Kant makes the additional claim that all human beings have the basic right of resort: the right to present oneself in a foreign land. St. Paul says that we are all brothers, that is sons of God, so we are not foreigners, we belong to the world as citizens of the world; and it is this tradition that we could follow up until Kant for instance, in whose concept of cosmopolitanism we find the conditions for hospitality. Delivered to your inbox! (diverse) Nor does identifying as a citizen of the world necessarily involve allegiance to humanity as a whole, or to one definition of global culture. Even in situations where we engage in the most minimal interaction, we ascribe identities to others and simultaneously to ourselves. 2. Cosmopolite definition is - a sophisticated, widely traveled person : a cosmopolitan person. In "The Planet", Gilroy describes the cases of Tom Hurndall and Rachel Corrie;[19]:80–81 each seems to exemplify what might be considered Gilroy's figure of the cosmopolitan. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. Cosmopolitanism, in political theory, the belief that all people are entitled to equal respect and consideration, no matter what their citizenship status or other affiliations happen to be. A person kissing the top of another’s offered hand is the most formal of kisses. [5] One definition that handles this issue is given in a recent book on political globalization: Cosmopolitanism can be defined as a global politics that, firstly, projects a sociality of common political engagement among all human beings across the globe, and, secondly, suggests that this sociality should be either ethically or organizationally privileged over other forms of sociality.[6]. It is important to mark a distinction between Beck's cosmopolitanism and the idea of a world state. Because of the tendencies to violence and aggression that lurk in human nature, some constraint on freedom is necessary for peaceful and fruitful social interaction.[24]. With the advance of globalization and the increased facility of travel and communication, some thinkers consider that the political system based on the nation-state has become obsolete and that it is time to design a better and more efficient alternative. Generally, cosmopolitanism does not include areas of extreme weather, such as the Antarctic and Arctic, within its definition. Of Diogenes it is said: "Asked where he came from, he answered: 'I am a citizen of the world (kosmopolitês)'". Ecology An organism found in most parts of the world. cosmopolite (plural cosmopolites) 1. Emmanuel Levinas. 84, 100–01, Jeff Greenfield, "The Ugly History of Stephen Miller’s ‘Cosmopolitan’ Epithet: Surprise, surprise—the insult has its roots in Soviet anti-Semitism. Universal hospitality is defined as the right to be welcomed upon arrival in foreign territory, but is contingent on a guest arriving in a peaceful manner. Kant and Stoic Cosmopolitanism, in The, Beck, Ulrich (2006). He would then be counted on for help in defendingthe city from attacks, sustaining its institutions of justice, andcontributing to its common good. Synonyms for cosmopolitan include worldly, sophisticated, worldly-wise, cultured, cultivated, refined, urbane, aware, experienced and knowing. Pure, unconditional hospitality is a desire that underscores the conditional hospitality necessary in our relationships with others. Thus individual responsibility is being aware of what Judith Butler calls the precariousness of life in self and other; being a cosmopolitan seems to be, above all, a social, ethical enterprise. ", This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 23:24. Cosmopolitanism in Stoic philosophy Early proponents of cosmopolitanism included the Cynic Diogenes and Stoics such as Cicero. How to use cosmopolite in a sentence. Since cosmopolitan includes the root polit-, from the Greek word for "citizen", someone who is cosmopolitan is a "citizen of the world". She uses Richard Rorty as a triangulation point in that he remains neutral about multiculturalism, but his philosophical analysis of truth and practice can be deployed to argue against Searle and in favor of Taylor. Carol Nicholson compares John Searle's opposition to multiculturalism with Charles Taylor's celebration of it. cosmopolitan synonyms, cosmopolitan pronunciation, cosmopolitan translation, English dictionary definition of cosmopolitan. First drink a health, this solemn night, / A health to England, every guest: / That man’s the best cosmopolite / Who l… Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. She may be able to read the morning paper in Rio de Janeiro, attend a lecture in Madrid, and assist at a refugee camp in Uganda with equal ease—and maybe all in the same week. Some philosophers and scholars argue that the objective and subjective conditions arising in today's unique historical moment, an emerging planetary phase of civilization, creates a latent potential for the emergence of a cosmopolitan identity as global citizens and possible formation of a global citizens movement. Kant's cosmopolitan right stems from an understanding of all human beings as equal members of a universal community. ‘The cosmopolitan culture of the city, the profile of visitors it draws from within and outside the country and the profile of the city itself, makes it so.’ ‘While such a history had horrific implications for the resident population, the long-term impact was a cosmopolitan court … "citizen" or "[one] of a city". [32], Cosmopolitanism shares some aspects of universalism – namely the globally acceptable notion of human dignity that must be protected and enshrined in international law. Pertinent or common to the whole world: an issue of cosmopolitan import. Savvy, modern, and well-traveled, a cosmopolitan person has a wide breadth of perspectives from which to draw. The Cosmopolitan Vision, Cambridge: Polity Press, p. 45, Appiah, Kwame Anthony (2006), Cosmopolitanism. A number of proposals have been made in order to make this possible. Thobani notes that it is through media representations that these ideas become naturalized. Within these circles human beings feel a sense of "affinity" or "endearment" towards others, which the Stoics termed Oikeiôsis. Cosmopolitanism is the idea that all human beings are, or could or should be, members of a single community. Also once we've formed a will, it becomes possible to recognize this social interdependence. Others have extended this idea to examine how animals might be reconfigured as cosmopolitan, present the world-over with varying identities in different places.[34]. The word derives from the Ancient Greek: κοσμοπολίτης, or kosmopolitês, formed from "κόσμος", kosmos, i.e. You also have St. Paul in the Christian tradition, also a certain call for a citizen of the world as, precisely, a brother. We can therefore have things such as a cosmopolitan belief, a cosmopolitan person, a cosmopolitan opinion etc. According to those who follow Beck's reasoning, a cosmopolitan world would consist of a plurality of states, which would use global and regional consensus to gain greater bargaining power against opponents. This clearly shows the appearance and acceptance of a notion of individual responsibility that is considered to exist toward all of humankind. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? When we have gained the capacity for recognition, the imperative is to perform that recognition and thereby become ethically responsible to the Other in conscience. In Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers, Kwame Anthony Appiah notes how social ethics seem to operate: Whatever obligation one might have to another, especially a foreign other, that obligation does not supersede the obligations one has to those people most familiar to them. And a city or a country that is cosmopolitan has aspects and elements that come from various countries. Other theorists, philosophers, and activists contend that recognizing suffering is necessary to end violence. “Cosmopolitan.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cosmopolitan. It was said to be advocated by the Anglo-American imperialism with an aim to establish world hegemony (World Government) operating in the interests of monopoly capitalism. Ethics, he claims, is hospitality. Another word for cosmopolitan. People who are cosmopolitan have an air of glamour surrounding them, a sense that they've seen a lot of the world and are sophisticated and at ease with all different kinds of people. From this point of view, the Internet provides a much more attractive model than the nation-state. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? The origin of the word cosmopolitan is borrowed from the Greek word kosmos or cosmos, meaning world. / ˌkɑːz.məˈpɑː.lɪ.t̬ ə n / uk. Even though traveling and living abroad is very pleasurable, there are still loads of people who dislike travel. [37], "Cosmopolitanism" became a rhetorical weapon used by nationalists against "alien" ideas that went counter to orthodoxy. 3 : having worldwide rather than limited or provincial scope or bearing … his cosmopolitan benevolence, impartially extended to all races … Thich Nhat Hanh discusses what he calls "Interbeing" as a way of living one's life in relation to others; "Interbeing" might easily be compared to cosmopolitanism. [9]:9, In his 1795 essay Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch, Immanuel Kant stages a ius cosmopoliticum (cosmopolitan law/right) as a guiding principle to help global society achieve permanent, enduring peace. [citation needed], Other authors imagine a cosmopolitan world moving beyond today's conception of nation-states. Human dignity, however, is convoluted because it is necessary to first distinguish who has the right to be respected and second to consider what rights are protectable. a. cosmopolitan Mariana domina tres idiomas porque es una persona cosmopolita que vivió en el extranjero.Mariana speaks three languages fluently because she's a cosmopolitan person who's lived abroad. However, as Judith Butler questions, "at what cost do I establish the familiar as the criterion" for valuing others? Greater cultural diversity has led to a more, as someone who had lived in Paris for a year as an exchange student, she seemed very much the, This year, couture connoisseurs in Brazil's most, The heated campaign reflects Gresham’s rapid evolution from a small, nearly all-white agricultural town to a more, Owner Ashish Gupta said the Katy area is very, Small clinics and large hospital campuses alike stand adjacent to clusters of loft apartment buildings and trendy restaurants in this, The restaurant's Dover sole meunière and other Continental classics are a surprisingly, Then, in February 2014, the photographer found herself in the middle of a massive protest in the, Many activists contacted by CNN on Friday declined to be interviewed or speak on the record, having seen this negative development in China's largest and most, The Show Bunz burger ($9.95 plus $2.95 for Akaushi beef upgrade) was a white-tablecloth burger served on a stainless steel tray, with a, Even as the various Romanian regimes, especially the Communists, strove to demographically homogenize the major cities seized from Hungary, Temesvár retained much of its, Millennial travelers, part of a growing Black, Post the Definition of cosmopolitan to Facebook, Share the Definition of cosmopolitan on Twitter, We Got You This Article on 'Gift' vs. 'Present'. Contemporary usage defines the term as "citizen of the world".[3][4]. 2. [10], Kant's cosmopolitan right is fundamentally bound to the conditions of universal hospitality and the right of resort. The celebration and use of the word queer is one of reclamation. Various places are called "cosmopolitan", which does not usually mean cosmopolitan. Both Hurndall and Corrie removed themselves (geographically) from their home cultures, presumably both physically and mentally estranging themselves from their own cultures and histories. Derrida in an interview with Bennington (1997) summarized "cosmopolitanism",[12]. "world", "universe", or "cosmos", and πολίτης, "politês", i.e. The formation of a global citizens movement would lead to the establishment of democratic global institutions, creating the space for global political discourse and decisions, would in turn reinforce the notion of citizenship at a global level. [35], Daniele Archibugi proposes a renewed model for global citizenship:[36] institutional cosmopolitanism. A person who adheres to the idea of cosmopolitanism in any of its forms is called a cosmopolitan or cosmopolite. Ulrich Beck (May 15, 1944 – January 1, 2015) was a sociologist who posed the new concept of cosmopolitan critical theory in direct opposition to traditional nation-state politics. When we say a cosmopolitan person, we mean the person who travels much. Further, Mahmood Mamdani in Good Muslim, Bad Muslim suggests that the imposition of Western cultural norms, democracy and Christianity to name only two, has historically resulted in nationalist violence;[21] however, Appiah has implied that democracy is a pre-requisite for cosmopolitan intervention in developing nations. Individuals who embrace Western ideals are considered fully "human" and are more likely to be afforded dignity and protection than those who defend their non-Westernized cultural identities. 2. of or characteristic of a cosmopolite; worldly; sophisticated. "[38] Joseph Stalin in a 1946 Moscow speech attacked writings in which "the positive Soviet hero is derided and inferior before all things foreign and cosmopolitanism that we all fought against from the time of Lenin, characteristic of the political leftovers, is many times applauded. However, the theory deviates in recognising the differences between world cultures. The political culture idealized in the writings of Plato andAristotle is not cosmopolitan. Or heard it ( including the quote, If possible ). [ 3 [... Leads to compassion definitions and advanced search—ad free person has a wide breadth of from. Promote the dismantling of national and patriotic traditions and national culture more attractive model than the model... 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