His administration had … Later, Nicaragua Vice President and first lady Rosario Murillo said that a brother and sister, ages 11 and 8, had drowned in the community of La Pinuela trying to cross the swollen Solera River. In the 2016 general election Murillo ran as Ortega's vice-presidential candidate. "[10] The case was thrown out by the Supreme Court in 2001 because the statute of limitations had expired. This executive order is one of several sanctions placed against her and her husband's government by the United States since the unrest began. The U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control added Juan Carlos Ortega to its list of “Specially Designated Nationals.” [13], A polyglot, she speaks Spanish, English, Italian and French; she also reads German. Enrique arrested his predecessor Alemán on corruption charges, and sentenced him to twenty years of imprisonment. Nicaraguan Vice President Rosario Maria Murillo De Ortega; and Nestor Moncada Lau – who has acted as a national security advisor to the President and Vice President of Nicaragua. [5] Murillo's maternal grandmother, Zoilamérica Sandino Tiffer, was a paternal half-sister of Augusto Nicolás Calderón Sandino also known as Augusto César Sandino. Murillo has served as the Nicaraguan government's lead spokesperson,[1] government minister,[2] head of the Sandinista Association of Cultural Workers, and Communications Coordinator of the Council on Communication and Citizenry. Spanish is the officiallanguage, although diverse dialects are spoken in the Atlantic Coast. However, endemic poverty and inequality had become more noticeable than ever, particularly for vulnerable and marginalized groups including peoples living under colonial occupation and foreign intervention. In 2014, the Nicaraguan assembly abolished presidential term limits. Enrique has served as the President of Nicaragua from 2002-07, introducing several measures to fight corruption in the country’s official system. Though an underdog owing to his “unimpressive demeanour”, Enrique eventually succeeded Alemán in the following elections, and immediately took steps to tackle corruption, which included arresting his predecessor. Bolaños got married in 1949, to his childhood sweetheart Lila T. Abaúnza, who was known for her philanthropic activities. Rosario María Murillo Zambrana (Spanish pronunciation: [roˈsaɾjo muˈɾiʝo]; born 22 June 1951) is the vice president and first lady of Nicaragua. MANAGUA, Nicaragua -- The United States Treasury sanctioned a son of Nicaragua President Daniel Ortega and Vice President Rosario Murillo Friday, as well as his communications company,for alleged ties to drug trafficking. The same year, he reduced the power held by the executive branch of the parliament, by limiting its control over the appointment of state officials. Enrique José Bolaños Geyer was born to Nicolás Bolaños Cortés and Amanda Del Rosario Geyer Abaunza, on May 13, 1928, in Masaya, Nicaragua. The President aimed at minimizing foreign financial obligation with the help of the 'World Bank' and the 'International Monetary Fund'. Son of a veteran of the peasant army of César Augusto Sandino, Ortega moved with his family to Managua in the mid-1950s. Lopez has had access to large amounts of funds collected by the government in the form of taxes and fines that he could exploit, including for the personal use of Nicaraguan leaders. It borders with Honduras to the North, Costa Rica to theSouth, the Pacific Ocean to the West and the Caribbean Sea to the East. He also accused the leftist Ortego of draining the country of its wealth. "Aid to the Arts of Nicaragua. In 2007, Enrique's term ended, and Daniel Ortega was once again elected President, after winning over Eduardo Montealegre, a candidate representing the party 'Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance'. The High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the European Commission, Federica Mogherini, has written to the Foreign Minister of Nicaragua, Denis Moncada, in light of the further deterioration of the situation in the country. Ortega was elected president in 2006 and re-elected in 2011. In Ortega’s absence, Vice President Rosario Murillo — also his wife — has been giving daily phone interviews to official media. During this catastrophe, it was the Vice-President who took charge of foreign aid and worked on the country's laws that dealt with avoiding natural disasters. She was also first lady when, in 1985, her husband became president six years after the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) overthrew the Somoza dynasty. Soon after, she fled and lived for several months in Panama and Venezuela. [7], Murillo attended high school at the Greenway Convent Collegiate School in Tiverton, Great Britain, and studied Art at the Institut Anglo-Suisse Le Manoir at La Neuveville in Switzerland. The elections were won by Enrique, with a majority of 56.3% votes. During this catastrophe, it was the Vice-President who took charge of foreign aid and worked on the country's laws that dealt with avoiding natural disasters. [7], During the early 1970s Murillo worked for La Prensa as a secretary to two of Nicaragua's leading political and literary figures, Pedro Joaquin Chamorro and Pablo Antonio Cuadra. He contributes regularly as a writer to the ‘Columbia University’, and ‘University of Virginia’. Managua is the capital of the country. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Furthermore, he introduced measures like the 'National Development Plan' for poverty alleviation and promotion of agriculture. She was also first lady when, in 1985, her husband became president six years after the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) overthrew the Somoza dynasty. Instead, "Vice President Rosario Murillo, who is married to Ortega, told Nicaraguans to remain calm and continue working," the statement noted. Roberto Sacasa Sarria, President of Nicaragua, 1933–36 Crisanto Sacasa Sacasa, nephew of Pres. She is married to the current president Daniel Ortega. Vice President of Nicaragua Visits Comfort. Six years later, Arnoldo Alemán, a member of the 'Liberal Constitutionalist Party', and a candidate for the presidential elections, decided to appoint Bolaños as his campaigner. According to Nicaraguan historian Roberto Sánchez, Murillo is maternally related to Nicaragua's national hero, Augusto Sandino. It surfacearea is 130,373.47 sq km. There were reports of others missing in the same area. Daniel Ortega was last seen on 12 March, and his absence has sparked anger and fear as Central America battles pandemic A woman wearing a protective face mask walks in front of a … Nicaragua: Statement by the High Representative/Vice President on the situation on human rights and democracy Brussels, 23/04/2020 - 13:40, UNIQUE ID: 200423_4 Statements by the HR/VP The executive is comprised of the President, Vice-president, and the Council of Ministers. At the age of twenty-four, in 1952, Enrique established a company called 'Industrial Agricultural Services of Masaya' (SAIMSA), which eventually became one of the leading producers of cotton in Central America. Later, Nicaragua Vice President and first lady Rosario Murillo said that a brother and sister, ages 11 and … Murillo and Ortega were married in 2005. Rosario María Murillo Zambrana is the vice president and first lady of Nicaragua. [8], Murillo joined the Sandinista National Liberation Front in 1969, she provided shelter in her house, which was located in the Barrio San José Oriental in Managua, to Sandinista guerrillas, among them Tomás Borge, one of the founders of the FSLN. In August the same year, the presidential candidate openly criticized fraudulence in the government, but avoided confronting Alemán. Bolaños was arrested on three occasions, while his company 'SAIMSA' was seized and handed-over to small farmers. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, National Autonomous University of Nicaragua, http://www.morningstaronline.co.uk/a-9584-Nicaragua-Sandinista-Ortega-sworn-in-for-fourth-term-as-president, "Family tree of Zoilamérica Sandino Tiffer", "Etapas más importantes de Rosario Murillo", "Rosario Murillo: Una cadencia de fervores", "Long silence from Nicaragua's president as first lady keeps press at arm's length - Committee to Protect Journalists", "Nicaragua: President Ortega on course for third term", "Cifra de muertos por crisis en Nicaragua asciende a 309", "President Donald J. Trump is Pressuring the Nicaraguan Regime to Restore Democracy and the Rule of Law", "Meet Daniel Ortega, Nicaragua's Rising Dictator", "Nicaragua president's running mate: his wife", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rosario_Murillo&oldid=993854328, Sandinista National Liberation Front politicians, National Autonomous University of Nicaragua alumni, Articles needing more viewpoints from May 2018, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from April 2018, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles to be expanded from November 2018, Articles needing translation from Spanish Wikipedia, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The President and Vice President are democratically elected on the same ballot to a five-year term. She is married to the current president Daniel Ortega. [9], Murillo helped re-brand Ortega after three unsuccessful election bids in 1990, 1996, and 2001 as a less extreme candidate. Alemán won the elections against President Ortega, and Enrique was elected Vice-President in 1997. According to … She is known for her new age beliefs and practices. Nicaragua is located in the heartof Central America. Later, he studied management from the 'Instituto Centroamericano de Administración de Empresas' ('INCAE Business School’). Vice President of the United States | U.S. Embassy in Nicaragua Vice President of the United States Michael R. Pence was born in Columbus, Indiana, on June 7, 1959, one of six children born to Edward and Nancy Pence. [17], The examples and perspective in this article, Current deputy heads of state and government of. MOISÉS OMAR HALLESLEVENS ACEVEDO, Vice-President of Nicaragua, said that the 2030 Agenda offered an historic opportunity to fight for a just world order. He has openly criticised former ruler Daniel Ortega’s Sandinista government, and advocated free trade and industry, acting as the mouthpiece of the 'Supreme Council for Private Enterprise' (‘COSEP’). The officeholder is recognized as the Chief of State and Head of Government. This politician hails from a family that had always pursued business as their main occupation. Even though he was entitled to a place in the National Assembly, the former President retired from politics forever, after his term ended. After retiring from politics, Bolaños established an NGO called the ‘La Fundación Enrique Bolaños’ (‘FEB’) that aims at providing free access to information about Nicaragua’s history and politics, thus alleviating inequalities in education, https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/enrique-bolaos-5905.php, The Hottest Male Celebrities With The Best Abs, The Top 25 Wrestling Announcers Of All Time, Famous Role Models You Would Like To Meet, Celebrities Who Are Not In The Limelight Anymore. In 1998, hurricane ‘Mitch', caused heavy rainfall in Nicaragua, Guatemala and Honduras, resulting in floods that killed thousands of people and destroying millions of homes. [14][15], Murillo has had a history of struggling with both alcohol and drug abuse. She later moved to Costa Rica where she dedicated herself completely to her political work with the FSLN, helped start Radio Sandino, and met her future husband, Daniel Ortega. ", Manupelli, George. According to the current Constitution, the Vice President is elected on the same ticket, and at the same time, as the President. Murillo was arrested in Estelí in 1976 for her activities in politics. ", This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 21:07. Daniel Ortega, as of July 2014, is the President of Nicaragua. Roberto Sacasa Sarria, Education Minister, 1933 and 1955 This is the man who picked Joe Biden to be his vice president. The current president of Nicaragua is Jose Daniel Ortega who has been in office since 2007, and his Vice is Moi… Initially, he served as the Vice-President for Head-of-state Arnoldo Alemán, being associated with the 'Liberal Constitutionalist Party'. Lopez is the Vice President of ALBANISA, the company that imports and sells Venezuelan petroleum products, and President of the Nicaraguan state-owned oil company Petronic. Also Known As: Enrique José Bolaños Geyer, Enrique Bolaños Geyer, political ideology: Political party-Alliance for the Republic, Founder/Co-Founder: Alliance for the Republic, See the events in life of Enrique Bolaños in Chronological Order, Enrique Bolaños is a former President of Nicaragua, having served his term in the early 2000s. In Ortega’s absence, Vice President Rosario Murillo — also his wife — has been giving daily phone interviews to official media. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Presently he has established an organization that helps provide official information to the public irrespective of their financial and educational status. In the 1980s, the successful businessman openly condemned Nicaraguan guerrilla leader and President Daniel Ortega, who was known for his restriction of media and association with Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez. For his part, Biden has expressed few if any second thoughts about his record on Nicaragua. Nicaragua's Daniel Ortega Wins Third Term, Wife to Serve as VP Daniel Ortega, right, shows his ink-stained thumb after casting his vote alongside wife … Despite his attempts to fight corruption in the country, Bolaños has been condemned for his old association with Alemán, and the remuneration he received as Vice-President. Murillo has served as the Nicaraguan government's lead spokesperson, government minister, head of the Sandinista Association of Cultural Workers, and Communications Coordinator of the Council on Communication a… He was asked to leave his political party, and he formed a new one called 'Alliance for the Republic'. The Nicaraguan politician contested the elections in 2001, under the wing of the 'Liberal Constitutionalist Party', being recommended by former president Arnoldo Alemán. On Dec. 20, President Trump signed into law a measure aimed at blocking new loans to Nicaragua by international financial institutions. From 1983-88 he acted as the President of the 'Supreme Council for Private Enterprise' ('COSEP'), which aimed at reducing government control on private enterprises. The Liberal party collaborated with Bolaños' 'Alliance for the Republic' during the campaigning. [3][4], Murillo was born in Managua, Nicaragua. He is currently a ceremonial member of the prestigious organization called ‘International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation’. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. He is also known for having made significant contribution to his homeland’s agricultural development. Her mother was Zoilamérica Zambrana Sandino (1926-1973) (the daughter of Orlando José Zambrana Báez and Zoilamérica Sandino Tiffer), a niece of General Augusto César Sandino (1895-1934) who fought against the US occupation in Nicaragua. "Intellectuals and the Sovereignty of the People. In 1990, when the presidential elections were held, Bolaños decided to run as a candidate. U.S Department of the Treasury Press Releases May 22, 2020 WASHINGTON – Today, the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) designated two senior Nicaraguan government officials, Julio Cesar Aviles Castillo and Ivan Adolfo Acosta Montalvan for supporting the corrupt Ortega regime. The US has imposed sanctions on Nicaragua's Vice-President Rosario Murillo, the wife of President Daniel Ortega, accusing her of corruption and serious human rights abuses. In 1998, hurricane ‘Mitch', caused heavy rainfall in Nicaragua, Guatemala and Honduras, resulting in floods that killed thousands of people and destroying millions of homes. [9] When the Sandinistas overthrew Somoza in 1979, she returned to Nicaragua. The President of Nicaragua signed the 'CAFTA', or the 'Central America Free Trade Agreement', along with the United States, Costa Rica, Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala, in 2005. She also attended the National Autonomous University of Nicaragua in her hometown, where she later became a language professor at the Instituto de Ciencias Comerciales and the Colegio Teresiano during 1967–1969. More than 40,000 people were in shelters. As a young boy he had a front row seat to the American Dream. The Communist regime, aligned with the USSR, Cuba and East Germany, held ten times as many political prisoners as the regime it overthrew. t. e. The Vice President of the Republic of Nicaragua ( Spanish: Vicepresidente de la República de Nicaragua) is the second highest political position in Nicaragua. Navy NewsStand. Two years later, although less than 30 percent of Nicaraguans turned out to vote, Ortega won a third consecutive term as president. Roberto Sacasa Sarria, President of Nicaragua, 1889–91 and 1891–93 Juan Bautista Sacasa Sacasa, son of Pres. The son of Nicaragua's President Daniel Ortega faced financial sanctions from the White House on Thursday, after the Trump administration reprimanded him for alleged corruption and money laundering. As a result the former was made to leave the 'Liberal Constitutionalist Party' by his comrades. [citation needed], During her term, a series of protest broke out, resulting in 309 deaths by July 2018, some 25 of casualties being under the age of 17. [9], Murillo started to gain power politically in 1998 after defending Ortega after he was accused by his stepdaughter, Murillo's daughter, of sexually abusing her for many years. Her father was Teódulo Murillo Molina (1915-1996), a cotton grower and livestock owner. The President is the senior-most government official. However, his party, the ‘National Opposition Union', chose his colleague Violeta Chamorro instead, stating that the former was too obstinate to work with. This famous President has also been made a celebrated member of the ‘International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation’, an NGO that promotes public awareness and education, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Enrique_Bola%C3%B1os_Geyer_2004.jpg, https://www.flickr.com/photos/publicresourceorg/493965488/, http://www.elnuevodiario.com.ni/politica/76730-bancada-democratica-pide-bolanos-geyer-que-asuma-d/. The couple had five children—Enrique José, Lucía Amanda, Jorge Alejandro, Javier Gregorio, and Alberto. Murillo, Rosario. Nicaragua's vice president, Rosario Murillo -- the wife of President Ortega -- has advised Nicaraguans to turn to religion in difficult times. [10] Murillo stated that the accusations were "a total falsehood. The United States on Friday slapped sanctions on another son of Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega, accusing him of using a public relations firm … She was sworn in as vice president of Nicaragua on 10 January 2017. [12] Murillo and aide Néstor Moncada Lau were particularly targeted in an executive order issued by U.S. President Donald Trump on 27 November 2018. Once he came into power, his salary was reduced substantially, and his pension was withdrawn. His father belonged to a family that focused on business, even though they did play a small role in the country's political history. It has a population of approximately 5 and a half millionpeople. [7] Murillo possesses certificates in the English and French language, granted respectively by the University of Cambridge in Great Britain, and University of Neuchâtel in Switzerland. After completing his elementary and higher education in Nicaragua, the young man pursued a course in industrial engineering from ‘Saint Louis University’, Missouri. The President's term began on January 10, 2002, and within two days, he started taking legal action against all those, former and present, office holders in the government who had indulged in fraudulent activities. He has also written articles like ‘Cómo vamos’, ‘Nicaragua: 165 años de vida independiente’, ‘Memorándums de la presidencia’, and ‘Ideas para todos’, amongst others. Six politicians in Nicaragua have passed away since mid-May, according to an unusual government announcement by Vice President Murillo, though the cause of death for some is unclear. [16], Murillo defended Ortega when her daughter Zoilamérica accused her stepfather Ortega of sexual abuse in the 1990s, which still affects her reputation with some Nicaraguans. And this time, his wife Rosario Murillo ran with him as vice-president. In his capacity as a President, he also heavily promoted agriculture, and signed the treaty for free trade with the United States and the surrounding developing countries of Costa Rica, Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala. Omar Halleslevens is the country's Vice President. [11] Murillo appointed herself as "communications chief", a position which she used to address the public regularly before her vice-presidency. Daniel Ortega, in full José Daniel Ortega Saavedra, (born November 11, 1945, La Libertad, Nicaragua), Nicaraguan guerrilla leader, member of the Sandinista junta that took power in 1979, and the elected president of Nicaragua (1984–90, 2007– ).. Ortega took office in 2007. Story Number: NNS070724-13 Release Date: 7/24/2007 5:41:00 PM . During the campaign, citizens did not show much confidence in Bolaños, owing to defamation tactics by rival Ortega, and also his association with his corrupted predecessor Arnoldo. 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