Then, to prevent more demonstrations, Ortega supporters set up plantones, permanent occupation posts at the rotundas on the main thoroughfare running through Managua. The elections brought an end to more than a decade of U.S. efforts to unseat the Sandinista government. Protests erupted in June, after the Ortega-stacked Supreme Electoral Council disqualified the MRS and the Conservative Party from participation. We Nicaraguans feed them. The new government inherited a country in ruins, with a stagnant economy and a debt of about US$1.6 billion. Some emphasis on health campaign. YOUNG SANDINISTA WOMAN 2: This new stage in the revolution has taught us that we have a leader who cares about poor people. My mother is Blanca Segovia, the only daughter of General Sandino. Bomb shelters and defensive trenches were hastily built as the country mobilized for war. The Sandinistas ruled Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990, during which time they were subjected to a CIA-backed counter revolutionary war. 40 days, Christ in the desert. The history goes back to 1926 when the hero of the resistance Augusto Sandino begins to carry out a revolution against the North American occupation and the mandate of Anastasio Somoza Garci'a. Laws and regulations were disseminated by royal messengers who visited each township and assembled the inhabitants to give their chief's orders. SOUTH FL. YOUNG SANDINISTA WOMAN: As a woman, I am very grateful for the government for giving us such a leadership role. SANDINISTA MOTHER: Yes. And we had a duty to support the guerrillas,here in the capital, supporting urban guerrillas. In 1984, in the midst a deteriorating economy and the escalating Contra war, the country held an election in which seven candidates vied for the presidency. But also, it is anniversary of the re-defeat of the coup-mongers who tried to end the revolution. Not too far in the background of the Somoza rule was the Sandinista National Liberation Front. Those released included many figures who had been directly involved in the violence during the coup. So a big role was to help people from the States, get them to come down here and learn about the revolution, and learn about the US wars. But this bold Sandinista experiment in revolutionary democracy was not destined to persevere. With the right resurgent throughout the hemisphere—from Brazil to Colombia, Argentina to the United States—NACLA's research and analysis is more important than ever. This was not a revolutionary government conducted, in the classical sense, by a dictatorship of the proletariat. Donations to "Popular Resistance" are tax deductible through our fiscal sponsor: regime change attempt orchestrated by US-funded media and political groups, Congress passed the Nica Act, with no opposition. But we Sandinistas, this country, we want peace, we want reconciliation. But in 2006 the Sandinista party returned to power when Daniel Ortega was elected president. Roger Burbach and Orlando Nuñez, Fire in the Americas, Forging a Revolutionary Agenda (Verso, 1987). MAX BLUMENTHAL: And the participation of women is rising? But it is also true that some of the most famous Sandinistas, many of whom are in the dissident camp today—like Ernesto Cardenal, Gioconda Belli, Carlos Fernando Chamorro, and others—are descendents of oligarchic families. MAX BLUMENTHAL: The Sandinista front is named for Augusto Sandino, the Nicaraguan revolutionary leader who led a guerrilla war on occupying US Marines between 1927 and 1933. I was there as U.S. aircraft flew over Managua, breaking the sound barrier, trying to “shock and awe” the populace. The Palestinian resistance played a crucial role in the Sandinista revolution. Total US aid to the Contras was $300 million. This was not a revolutionary government conducted, in the classical sense, by a dictatorship of the proletariat. Perhaps the die was cast in neighboring El Salvador with the failure of the guerrillas there to seize power as the United States mounted a counterinsurgency war. We are dignified. While independent surveys indicated that the opposition candidates would win the majority of the seats, the Supreme Electoral Council, which had prohibited international observers, ruled that the Sandinista candidates won control of 105 municipalities, the Liberal Constitutionalist Party won 37, and the Alliance won the remaining six. The Sandinista revolution’s commitment to democracy led it down a new political path. History of Sandinista Revolution Day Nicaragua is the largest of the republics in Central America. The Sandinistas entered Managua victorious on July 19 and established a provisional government immediately. Marcela Pérez Silva is the Nicaraguan ambassador to Peru, and the widow of Tomás Borge, a founder of the Sandinista front. The fact is that the Sandinista Revolution Celebration … I will examine this electoral defeat as the last in a series of setbacks that prevented a revolutionary society from emerging. Tomás is in this plaza, crammed full of people, in those hearts, that are ready to defend their revolution. For this today, the youth, we weren’t living in 1979, but we are living in this phase, from 1979 to the present date, where we are provided free healthcare, free education, Plan Techo [a state housing program] for every single Nicaraguan family. YOUNG SANDINISTA MAN 2: That is a way for our government to show that it wants peace, that it wants peace and reconciliation, that it does not want situations like what took place in 2018. Surprisingly, Orlando Nuñez, with whom I wrote a book with on the revolution’s democratic thrust, remained loyal to Ortega while most of the middle-level cadre and the National Directorate abandoned the party.7 Many of these split off to form the Sandinista Renovation Movement (MRS), the largest dissident Sandinista party, founded in 1995. Triggered by the house arrest and murder of the leader of the coup which had brought a revolutionary government to power for the preceding four years, the invasion resulted in a restoration of the pre-revolutionary regime. We already know what it’s about; that Yankee imperialism, unfortunately, is always interfering in countries like Nicaragua, in poor countries that try to make a political change. The Ministry of Government launched a probe into NGOs operating in the country, accusing the Center for Communications Research (Cinco), which is headed by Chamorro, of “diverting and laundering money” through its agreement with the Autonomous Women’s Movement (MAM), which opposes the Ortega-endorsed law banning abortion. It began in the early 1960s with the founding of the Sandinista National Liberation … Nevertheless, we are independent. We see women magistrates, women diplomats, women who play political roles. In a manner reminiscent of the Spanish civil war half a century earlier, the Sandinista revolution came to be seen as a new political utopia, rupturing national frontiers. See more. The day after the election, a woman vendor passed me by sobbing. This is a historical date in which the revolution restored the rights of thousands and thousands of Nicaraguans that lived in extreme poverty. A huge banner hung over the plaza depicting Ortega with an up-stretched arm and the slogan, “To Be With the People Is to Be With God.”, “This despotic regime is bent on destroying all that is left of the Sandinista revolution’s democratic legacy,” Chamorro told me in January. Dora Maria Tellez, a leader of the renovation movement, began a public hunger strike that led to daily demonstrations of support, often shutting down traffic in downtown Managua. Along with MAM, the broader women’s movement in Nicaragua, which firmly opposes the Ortega government, was among the first to experience its repressive blows. But Ortega’s betrayal is a fundamental political tragedy for everyone around the world who came to believe in a popular, participatory democracy in Nicaragua. Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) propaganda poster in Nicaragua. The story of the struggle of Sandinismo is 92 years long, since the General Sandino fought against the US troops that invaded our country, and he expelled the US troops. Roughly 30 years after. I will attempt to demonstrate how it was that despite the overwhelming support of Often as I departed from the San Francisco airport on yet another flight to the Central American isthmus, I would look down on the Bay Area, with its population roughly the same size as Nicaragua’s and an economy many times larger, and wonder how the Sandinista revolution could possibly survive a war with the most powerful nation on earth. "NGOs, Cleared of Charges, Demand Firing of Government Officials," Nicaragua Network Hotline, February 17, 2009, nicanet.org/?p=621. Rosa Marina Zelaya, “International Election Observers: Nicaragua Under a Microscope,” Envío 103 (February 1990), envio.org.ni/articulo/2582. Palestine’s Role in the Revolution. And the question now is how much reconciliation is it willing to offer for the price of peace? This is the date when a dictatorship was overthrown, which for more than 45 years, kept all Nicaraguans struggling in poverty. But even with Alemán’s backing, Ortega was unable to win the presidency. The police rummaged through offices, carting off files and computers. On the 40th anniversary of the Sandinista revolution, some Nicaraguans say there is no reason to celebrate. But then we lost the government, because of political blackmail done by imperialism, [with the US] threatening the people with more war if the Sandinista Front won the elections. Anastasio Somoza was the third member of a family dynasty that had been in power in Nicaragua since 1936. And this, everything that we have seen today, strengthens and confirms that. These figures all work to emphasize the values present in the Revolution and the governments that followed it. And we have 40 years fighting against imperialism, which has always attacked us, since [US colonial leader] William Walker came, since [the US government’s colonial] nota Knox, since they killed [national hero] Benjamín Zeledón. “Standing in the way of a new dictatorship,” he continued, “are civil society organizations, the independent media, trade unions, opposition political parties, women’s organizations, civic leaders and others—many of whom can trace their roots back to the resistance against Somoza.”. And that is when the Sandinista Front initiated the revolutionary struggle, against the dictatorship of [Anastasio] Somoza, in the year 1961. The revolution was muticlass, multiethnic, multidoctrinal, and politically pluralistic. Most of those that are 60 or older fought with the Sandinista Revolutionary Army to free Nicaragua from Somoza. I wrote this during my four-month accidental-study-abroad in Nicaragua. Today we commemorate 40 years of the triumph of the revolution, which is also a historical landmark on a global level. The Grayzone reports from inside Nicaragua’s capital on the 41st anniversary of the Sandinista Revolution, covering a speech by President Daniel Ortega, showing how the leftist government has responded to the coronavirus pandemic, and surveying the rising tide of … It’s not going to return. NICARAGUAN JOURNALIST: Without any doubts, this is a historic date for the Nicaraguan people. NACLA | c/o NYU CLACS, 53 WASHINGTON SQ. 7. Besides the FSLN, two major political parties remained on the ballot, the Liberal Constitutionalist Party and the Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance. She is 86-years-old. MAX BLUMENTHAL: The 40th anniversary of the Sandinista Front was occasion to honor the historic combatants of the movement. The Sandinista Revolution marked the era of the fall of the pro-imperialist military dictatorships in our continent, which allowed the Bolivarian Revolution to later usher in the era of the arrival of governments of various left-wing forces in Latin America, in various countries [the Pink Tide]. The Sandinistas came to power when they overthrew long-time dictator Anastacio Somoza in … It marked a generation of activists around the globe who found in the revolution a reason to hope and believe. While socialism was part of the public discourse, it was never proclaimed to be an objective of the revolution. Even with these concessions to the right, Ortega won the presidency with just 37.9% of the votes. We know that this is the only president who has cared about poor people, as my comrade said. Copyright NACLA 2019 Cinco’s board of directors were interrogated, and a prosecutor accompanied by the police raided the Cinco offices with a search warrant. Thus, the FSLN mass organizations were instrumental in consolidating Sandinista power over political and military institutions. Because of the external pressure, this government has been forced to make massive concessions. YOUNG SANDINISTA MAN 1: This government has given us young people, above all, the grace and right to education, for everyone. So you were one of the Americans who came here in the 1980s to show solidarity — and you’re still here. Founding In 1961, the Sandinista National Liberation Front (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional, or Sandinistas) was founded by Silvio Mayorga, Tomás Borge, and Carlos Fonseca.The group took its name from Augusto Cesár Sandino, who led a Liberal peasant army against the government of U.S.-backed Adolfo Díaz and the subsequent Nicaraguan government in the late 1920s and early 1930s. The party’s founders, Carlos Fonseca, Tomas Borge and Silvia Mayorga were outside the country when the FSLN was officially born. Those who don’t study in Nicaragua, because they don’t want to, because they want to follow a professional path, they have technical education programs, the National Technological school, which offers a ton of technical paths. This extended to art forms including dance, music, art, theatre and poetry. Placing their faith in democracy, they signed an accord that called for a ceasefire and elections to be held in February 1990, in which the Contras as well as the internal opposition would be allowed to participate. In June 2007, Chamorro aired an investigative report on Esta Semana, the popular news show he hosts. 1. The Grayzone reports from inside Nicaragua’s capital on the 41st anniversary of the Sandinista Revolution, covering a speech by President Daniel Ortega, showing how the leftist government has responded to the coronavirus pandemic, and surveying the rising tide of US and corporate media disinformation. How do you all feel that, during the reconciliation, the prisoners who are tranquistas, who did violent things, they were released from prison? He traveled to the Pacific coast and the Atlantic area where he met with representatives of the misurasata (Miskito, Sumo, Rama, and Sandinistas United) organization. His followers became a leftist guerrilla who was implicated in the massacre of several US Marines, initiating a fight that would be maintained until 1934 when Somoza suggested to him to establish a peace agreement and in this murderous meeting the leader of left . It has always been a great pride for us to be descendants of General Sandino, and the legacy that he has left us is not just for the families, but also for all the youth and the people of Nicaragua. 41 years on from the revolutionary triumph of 1979, the Sandinista Front for National Liberation (FSLN) in Nicaragua looks stronger and with greater legitimacy than ever. After the Nicaraguan revolution, the Sandinista government established a Ministry of Culture in 1980. CARLOS FONSECA TERÁN: This [July 19] is the most important date in all of the history of Nicaragua, because it is the date when Nicaragua began to be free. Describe the mood in the ’80s and what brought you and so many others down here. MAX BLUMENTHAL: In an apparent attempt to escape the crippling sanctions, the Nicaraguan government released scores of so-called “political prisoners” this June. Sandinista government led by President Daniel Ortega was defeated in the 1990 elections. While the National Directorate of the FSLN oversaw the revolutionary process, it was not dictated by a single strongman but by nine people who reached consensus decisions with input from popular organizations. Their complaints were echoed by Nicaraguan Catholic bishops, including Managua’s archbishop, who said, “People feel defrauded.”13, After the election, militant demonstrations erupted in Nicaragua’s two largest cities, Managua and León, and were quickly put down with violence. We are talking about imperialism. Those going to Nicaragua found an “open door” society: They could talk with anyone, travel to the countryside, and stay where they pleased with no interference from the government. Even people who were sympathetic to the Sandinistas voted for the opposition because they wanted the war to end, as the threat of more U.S.-backed violence remained looming. After over a decade of failed attempts, the FSLN overthrew dictator Anastasio Somoza in 1979. By June 1979 the FSLN controlled all of the country except the capital, and on 17 July President Somoza resigned and the FSLN entered Managua, giving full control of the government to the revolutionary movements. The revolutionary government channeled the support of young Nicaraguans in organizaciones de masas such as Juventud Sandinista de 19 de Julio (JS), which recapitulated both the militarized discipline and utopian impulses of the Frente Sandinista. Support our work. During an interview in January, Baltodano told me the right to assembly has been systematically violated during the past year, as opposition demonstrations are put down with goon squads. … Once in power, he announced a series of policies and programs that seemed to hark back to the Sandinista years. BBC, “1984: Sandinistas Claim Election Victory,” available at news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday. It was one of the three fundamental historical facts that changed the history of Latin America: first was the Cuban Revolution; 20 years after, the Sandinista Revolution; and 20 years after, [Venezuela’s] Bolivarian Revolution. The Sandinista government attributes this to an unorthodox strategy it adopted at the beginning of the outbreak. Internationally, Nicaragua joined the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (ALBA), a trade and economic cooperation pact that includes Cuba, Bolivia, and Venezuela. So we are talking about an extremely important historical event. Do you remember the 1980s and the dirty war? We have, last week we created a solar power plant in Corn Island. 4. In 2007 the government opened a case against nine women leaders, accusing them of conspiring “to cover up the crime of rape in the case of a 9-year-old rape victim known as ‘Rosita,’ who obtained an abortion in Nicaragua in 2003.”9 In August, Ortega was unable to attend the inauguration of Paraguayan president Fernando Lugo because of protests by the country’s feminist organizations; from then on, women’s mobilizations have occurred in other countries Ortega has visited, including Honduras, El Salvador, Costa Rica, and Peru.10, Charges were levied against other former Sandinistas who dared to speak out against the Ortega government, including 84-year-old Catholic priest Ernesto Cardenal, the renowned poet who once served as minister of culture. To round out his pre-election wheeling and dealing, Ortega selected Jaime Morales, a former Contra leader, as his vice presidential candidate. 41 years on from the revolutionary triumph of 1979, the Sandinista Front for National Liberation (FSLN) in Nicaragua looks stronger and with greater legitimacy than ever. The FSLN’s pact making began in earnest in 2001, when, in the run-up to that year’s presidential election, Ortega forged an alliance with Arnoldo Alemán, an official during the Somoza regime who had been elected president in 1997. The Nicaraguan Revolution was ultimately responsible for the death of 2% of the Nicaraguan population, 50,000 people. One year ago, a regime change attempt orchestrated by US-funded media and political groups turned parts of Nicaragua into flashpoints of conflict, as armed men at roadblocks attempted to shut the country down. We want what’s best for our country. The revolution transformed social relations and values, holding up a new vision of society based on social and economic justice that included the poor and dispossessed. Sign up for our NACLA Update for announcements, events, the latest articles, and more! The ministry was established in order to socialize the modes of cultural production. The party was named after Augusto Caesar Sandino, who led the Nicaraguan resistance against the United States occupation of Nicaragua in the 1930s. But the group estimates that irregularities took place at a third of the polling places. However, according to Arturo Cruz, the absence of investment by the private sector made it clear that it would be hard to implement socialism in Nicaragua. Human Rights Watch, “Nicaragua: Protect Rights Advocates from Harassment and Intimidation,” October 28, 2008, available at hrw.org. MAX BLUMENTHAL: Following the failure of the US-backed coup attempt last year, Congress passed the Nica Act, with no opposition. 11. And we wanted to teach people in the States. If you have any questions send me an email! successes of the Sandinista revolution and ultimately assessing the success and failure of the current government to overturn these gains, it is important to acknowledge that many of the gains of the Sandinista period had already been eroded by the effects of the contra war and the Sandinistas' own policies even before Chamorro assumed office. And we are currently in the second stage of the Sandinista Revolution, under the leadership of Comandante Daniel Ortega, who is the historical relayer of Comandante Carlos Fonseca. As the Nobel-winning novelist José Saramago put it: “Once more a revolution has been betrayed from within.” Nicaragua’s revolution has indeed been betrayed, perhaps not as dramatically as Trotsky depicted Stalin’s desecration of what was best in the Bolshevik revolution. Ny 10012 | TEL: ( 212 ) 992-6965 to live for one month to years book Oligarquia! 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