SECTION 12. SECTION 5. (7) If, by the end of any fiscal year, the Congress shall have failed to pass the general appropriations bill for the ensuing fiscal year, the general appropriations law for the preceding fiscal year shall be deemed reenacted and shall remain in force and effect until the general appropriations bill is passed by the Congress. Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President of the Senate and to the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall reassume the powers and duties of his office. Unless otherwise provided by this Constitution or by law, any decision, order, or ruling of each Commission may be brought to the Supreme Court on certiorari by the aggrieved party within thirty days from receipt of a copy thereof. SECTION 1. SECTION 7. If, after such reconsideration, two-thirds of all the Members of such House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other House by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two-thirds of all the Members of that House, it shall become a law. Advertising entities affected by paragraph (2), Section 11 of Article XVI of this Constitution shall have five years from its ratification to comply on a graduated and proportionate basis with the minimum Filipino ownership requirement therein. All public officers and employees shall take an oath or affirmation to uphold and defend this Constitution. SECTION 7. The authority shall provide policy direction in the areas of money, banking, and credit. The Congress may provide for other cases of violations of human rights that should fall within the authority of the Commission, taking into account its recommendations. SECTION 10. Private corporations or associations may not hold such alienable lands of the public domain except by lease, for a period not exceeding twenty-five years, renewable for not more than twenty-five years, and not to exceed one thousand hectares in area. They shall also participate in policy and decision-making processes affecting their rights and benefits as may be provided by law. The vote of each Member shall be recorded. Section 2 The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally … In the grant of rights, privileges, and concessions covering the national economy and patrimony, the State shall give preference to qualified Filipinos. Public office is a public trust. He may also appear before it at any other time. 164007 – Case Digest, Go vs. Dimagiba | G.R. The Monetary Board shall, within thirty days from the end of every quarter of the calendar year, submit to the Congress a complete report of its decisions on applications for loans to be contracted or guaranteed by the Government or government-owned and controlled corporations which would have the effect of increasing the foreign debt, and containing other matters as may be provided by law. SECTION 18. Section 2. The existing Tanodbayan shall hereafter be known as the Office of the Special Prosecutor. The State shall regulate the transfer and promote the adaptation of technology from all sources for the national benefit. (4) The regular Members of the Council shall receive such emoluments as may be determined by the Supreme Court. Thereafter, such forest lands and national parks shall be conserved and may not be increased nor diminished, except by law. The right to bail shall not be impaired even when the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus is suspended. Individuals and private groups, including corporations, cooperatives, and similar collective organizations, shall have the right to own, establish, and operate economic enterprises, subject to the duty of the State to promote distributive justice and to intervene when the common good so demands. Legislative bodies of local governments shall have sectoral representation as may be prescribed by law. In case of vacancy in the Senate or in the House of Representatives, a special election may be called to fill such vacancy in the manner prescribed by law, but the Senator or Member of the House of Representatives thus elected shall serve only for the unexpired term. The State recognizes the Filipino family as the foundation of the nation. The State shall promote industrialization and full employment based on sound agricultural development and agrarian reform, through industries that make full and efficient use of human and natural resources, and which are competitive in both domestic and foreign markets. In fact, one such anti-dynasty bill stayed stuck at the Congress’ committee level for almost three decades befor… Section 1. No member of the House of Representatives shall serve for more than three consecutive terms. SECTION 8. SECTION 3. For purposes of communication and instruction, the official languages of the Philippines are Filipino and, until otherwise provided by law, English. Free access to the courts and quasi-judicial bodies and adequate legal assistance shall not be denied to any person by reason of poverty. Furthermore, men were also taking advantage over women resulting to unfairness. (3) The Clerk of the Supreme Court shall be the Secretary ex officio of the Council and shall keep a record of its proceedings. Non-teaching academic and non-academic personnel shall enjoy the protection of the State. The Congress shall, upon recommendation of the economic and planning agency, when the national interest dictates, reserve to citizens of the Philippines or to corporations or associations at least sixty per centum of whose capital is owned by such citizens, or such higher percentage as Congress may prescribe, certain areas of investments. Excessive bail shall not be required. No Senator or Member of the House of Representatives may personally appear as counsel before any court of justice or before the Electoral Tribunals, or quasi-judicial and other administrative bodies. SECTION 5. SECTION 12. (1) The House of Representatives shall be composed of not more than two hundred and fifty members, unless otherwise fixed by law, who shall be elected from legislative districts apportioned among the provinces, cities, and the Metropolitan Manila area in accordance with the number of their respective inhabitants, and on the basis of a uniform and progressive ratio, and those who, as provided by law, shall be elected through a party-list system of registered national, regional, and sectoral parties or organizations. No. Section 4. (3) At the option expressed in writing by the parents or guardians, religion shall be allowed to be taught to their children or wards in public elementary and high schools within the regular class hours by instructors designated or approved by the religious authorities of the religion to which the children or wards belong, without additional cost to the Government. Philippine citizenship may be lost or reacquired in the manner provided by law. Kim A. Estrebella TC 1-5 Synthesis of the Declaration of the State Policies Section 14. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them. C. 6 years. Philippine Constitution Article II. Created by. The Ombudsman and his Deputies shall have the rank of Chairman and Members, respectively, of the Constitutional Commissions, and they shall receive the same salary, which shall not be decreased during their term of office. SECTION 11. SECTION 12. • Philippines seek peace and unity with the neighboring countries all over the world regardless of race, ideology, and political system on the basis of mutual trust, respect and cooperation. The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial, and aerial domains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insular shelves, and other submarine areas. The President shall submit to the Congress within thirty days from the opening of every regular session, as the basis of the general appropriations bill, a budget of expenditures and sources of financing, including receipts from existing and proposed revenue measures. It shall provide support to such fishermen through appropriate technology and research, adequate financial, production, and marketing assistance, and other services. (3) The procedure in approving appropriations for the Congress shall strictly follow the procedure for approving appropriations for other departments and agencies. SECTION 2. The suspension of the privilege of the writ shall apply only to persons judicially charged for rebellion or offenses inherent in or directly connected with the invasion. Decisions, final orders, or rulings of the Commission on election contests involving elective municipal and barangay offices shall be final, executory, and not appealable. All properties, records, equipment, buildings, facilities, and other assets of any office or body abolished or reorganized under Proclamation No. In cases of water rights for irrigation, water supply, fisheries, or industrial uses other than the development of water power, beneficial use may be the measure and limit of the grant. The Ombudsman and his Deputies shall be natural-born citizens of the Philippines, and at the time of their appointment, at least forty years old, of recognized probity and independence, and members of the Philippine Bar, and must not have been candidates for any elective office in the immediately preceding election. However, in the national interest, as certified by the President, the Congress may extend said period. He shall not intervene in any matter before any office of the Government for his pecuniary benefit or where he may be called upon to act on account of his office. The Congress may, however, require increased Filipino equity participation in all educational institutions. SECTION 19. (3) Each legislative district shall comprise, as far as practicable, contiguous, compact and adjacent territory. The State shall promote the preferential use of Filipino labor, domestic materials and locally produced goods, and adopt measures that help make them competitive. The Congress may establish an independent economic and planning agency headed by the President, which shall, after consultations with the appropriate public agencies, various private sectors, and local government units, recommend to Congress, and implement continuing integrated and coordinated programs and policies for national development. Counsel, he must be a person of proven competence, integrity, probity, and out-of-school youth training. Appropriation therein supervision over local governments of duty of the Chairman of the people and all authority. Section 6 states that the laws are faithfully executed emolument from the occurrence thereof Saligang Batas ng in. Public secondary education require increased Filipino equity participation in programs of social justice and economic development,. X, local government [ 1987 Philippine Constitution: Article III: Article II, 9165. Advice and concurrence the illiterates to vote without the assistance of other persons dealt with by.. 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