Prepare a spot to plant the lemon balm, in either full sunlight or partial shade. Lemon balm can grow in many types of soil, including clay soil, but it prefers well-drained loamy soil. 2 Spade the soil to a depth of at least 8 to 10 inches. Depending on the type of soil you want to build and amount of sunlight, this spreading perennial herb can reach heights of 1 to 3 feet with an equal spread. Be sure th… Starting lemon balm from seed indoors will give your plants a headstart in the spring. Indoor lemon balm care is pretty easy and straightforward, but keep an eye on your plant and watch for signs of bolting. Like mint, lemon balm is quite hardy and can be overwintered as far north as hardiness zones 4 and 5. Lemon balm is said to soothe symptoms of stress, help you to relax, and … Follow these How to Grow Lemon Balm from seeds instructions and grow some wonderful “Lemony” flavour. There are some who even contend that it can improve cognit… and motherwort (Leonorus cardiacus) is a classic western formula for a hyperactive thyroid. Originally grown in South Europe, lemon balm is often used in combination with other herbs and is frequently found in poultry and fish dishes, desserts, and teas. Indoor lemon balm care is pretty easy and straightforward, but keep an eye on your plant and watch for signs of bolting. Lemon balm seeds need ample light in order to germinate and grow. Lemon balm and catnip can happily grow together indoor. Sign up for our newsletter. The germinating seeds need a lot of light, so sprinkle soil over them lightly and provide at least 5 to 6 hours of light a day. If you notice small flower buds beginning to form on your lemon balm plant, take care to pinch them off quickly. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Lemon balm will need significantly more sunlight when planted indoors and can be more susceptible to afflictions like powdery mildew and root rot, not to mention browning leaves, which can indicate issues like cold air or excessive sunlight. Melissa officinalis Labiatae Lemon Balm 'Quedlinburger' Temperature Germination: 18-22°C Growth: 18-25°C Light Lemon balm does best with plenty of light. It features similar wrinkled, oval-shaped leaves and boasts a fresh citrusy smell and scent that many home cooks love to add to salads, soups, and more. Lemon balm plants should be spaced between 12 and 15 inches (30 and 38 cm) apart. 4 On the other hand, lemon balm is very sensitive to frost and it cannot stand excessively cold temperatures. Often said to ease stress and anxiety, lemon balm contains a compound known as rosmarinic acidthat appears to have potent antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. Place the pot in a location that receives at least 5 hours of direct sunlight a day. However, most indoor growers won't see their plants set seeds. Videos About Growing Lemon Balm. Press the seed into the soil, do not cover it and keep it moist. Companion planting: Grow lemon balm with broccoli, cauliflower, and other cabbage family plants. Seeds are more easily obtained, but if your lemon balm-growing neighbors don't mind sharing, the cuttings will result in a more quickly established plant once placed in the ground. That’s particularly helpful if you plant lemon balm near cabbage because it attracts insects that typically destroy cabbage family crops. In both indoor and outdoor environments, lemon balm loves a sunny spot. If you want to grow geraniums indoors, then do check out our article! Jon VanZile is a Master Gardener and the author of "Houseplants for a Healthy Home. Potted Lemon Balm Plants are available online at Horizon Herbs; $7.20 each. To cook with your lemon balm, harvest the leaves as soon as the plant is established and putting out regular new growth. A few companion plants for growing lemon balm … Start seeds indoors about 8 to 10 weeks before the last frost date in your area. Most basic potting soils will work just fine, but if you find your mixture is a bit dense or stays too moist between watering, combine it with sand or a drier soil varietal like a cactus mix. It is thought that the volatile oils in lemon balm contain chemicals that relax muscles in the bladder, stomach, and uterus, thereby relieving cramps, gas and nausea. Be sure you acclimate plants to outdoor conditions before putting them in the ground. Fragrant lemon-scented leaves and white flowers are attractive to bees. More exposure to light promotes better essential oil production. You can use artificial light if you don't have a sunny window sill to place them on. A hardy perennial shrub that is tolerant to USDA zones 3 through 7, lemon balm can be grown year-round indoors, as well as outdoors in warmer climates. If you see signs of flowers forming, pinch them off. For that reason, many gardeners choose to plant lemon balm in containers, whether grown indoors or out, in an attempt to control its invasive nature. In recent, it is researched as an excellent houseplant in purifying the indoor air, removing the bacterias and increasing the work efficiencies, creativity, multi tasking and productivity. While lemon balm does not require additional feeding beyond what nutrition its soil provides, you can treat it with a light liquid fertilizer every few weeks to encourage growth. Lemon balm is related to mint, which is good news for growing it. Lemon balm can be easily propagated from seeds, cuttings, or by plant division. Keep in mind, fertilizing some herbs has been known to decrease the potency of their scent and/or flavor—if you're growing lemon balm specifically for cooking, you can likely skip fertilizing it and still be just fine. Tea Rose Begonia Lemon balm as a houseplant is a fabulous idea because this lovely herb offers a beautiful lemony aroma, a tasty addition to foods and drinks, and a pretty potted plant for a sunny window ledge. Once the seedlings are large enough to handle easily, you can transplant them into a traditional pot with soil. Lemon balm can be susceptible to whitefly, spider mites, thrips, and powdery mildew. In an outdoor garden environment, lemon balm is sometimes considered a pest because of its invasiveness, but it’s the perfect container plant. Heart palpitations, nervous tension, insomnia, and hyperactivity are all classic indications for lemon balm and these combined describe what some people experience when their thyroid becomes overactive, such as in Grave’s disease.In fact, lemon balm, bugleweed (Lycopus spp.) Take into consideration the size of the mature plant when deciding on a location in your space. 75 Check the date of the last frost in your local area and calculate 6 – 8 weeks prior to that. However, unlike an outdoor lemon balm plant—which can tolerate a bit of shade—those planted indoors need ample sunlight, at least five to six hours a day. To prevent it from developing, plant your lemon balm with ample room separating it from other plants to allow for good air circulation. Catnip, a perennial favorite of all things feline, is a relative of the mint and lemon balm, which means it's not a hard plant to grow indoors. Like mint, this herb will grow readily if you give it the right conditions. Lemon Balm Preferred pH Range. For soil, any decent potting soil will work, but make sure the container drains. Containers are perfect for lemon balm growing because, like mint, it will spread rapidly and take over a bed in the garden. Lemon balm can struggle indoors, but with enough attention it should thrive. Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) is a very useful remarkable perennial herb that is a member of the mint family. Plant lemon balm in containers to help prevent spreading, as lemon balm is a rapid grower that can often overtake an entire herb garden. Grow in container or contained area of the garden as this plant spreads. It's easy to start new plants from packaged seeds (they will germinate in a little over a week) or simply buy new seedlings at your local garden center. 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Lemon balm is way more used in culinary applications due to its citrusy flavor and lemony aroma while catnip has a more bland mint taste. ", The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our, How to Grow Donkey's Tail Succulents (Burro's Tail). This can leave a gardener wondering what to do with lemon balm and what is lemon balm used for exactly. Lemon balm also has the tendency to bolt if exposed to too much water or not maintained properly. This lemony flavored herb is … Like many other herbs, lemon balm prospers best outdoors but can be grown successfully inside as well, as long as proper attention is paid to its unique needs. All gardeners know that it is nice to have any green plant indoors, especially during the winter months. Start Lemon Balm directly outdoors after danger of frost has passed. In general, it's best to keep your herb away from any drafty air that is too cold or too hot, such as in front of an air conditioner or next to a radiator. Lemon Balm can also be grown indoors in a sunny window. The reason: Like many herbs, lemon balm plants can recover easily from wilt (created by thirst) but will quickly die or bolt if watered too much. Purchase lemon balm seeds or seedlings. With a temperature of 65 - 75F, germination is usually in 21 days. Lemon balm is a perennial herb in zones 4-9. Also known as balm mint, English balm, garden balm, heart's delight, honey plant, Melissa and sweet balm, lemon balm has been used medicinally for centuries. … You can use a light liquid fertilizer for houseplants every couple of weeks to encourage growth. Even if you're seasoned at growing lemon balm outdoors, there are several things you'll need to modify slightly in order to successfully grow it in your home. Lemon balm plants tend to be pass-along plants that a gardener ends up with from plant swaps or as gifts from other gardeners. Growing lemon balm is a warm weather activity. The leaves won’t taste right if you let the plant bolt. Plants will reach two feet in height at maturity, with a spreading nature that can be controlled with proper care. Lemon Balm Seeds ($3.95 for a packet of 500 at Burpee) can be started in the early spring or propagated indoors. Chives (Allium schoenoprasum), lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) and French tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus sativa): These three cold-climate plants tend to decline indoors… unless you give them a cold treatment first. Lemon Balm is a member of the mint family and has fragrant lemon-scented leaves and clusters of small white flowers that are attractive to bees. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Put your lemon balm plants to use by turning them into a lemon balm oil infusion. Once the plant blooms, the flavor of its leaves will change, causing them to taste bitter. In most cases, you’ll have easier time using seedlings, though lemon balm seeds are fairly hardy and usually sprout without much trouble. A nice sunny spot will be best for your lemon balm, with at least five hours per day of sunlight. The leaves won’t taste right if you let the plant bolt. To start your plant from seed, begin them in a shallow pot or dish, barely covering the seeds with more than a sprinkle of soil (this should be done about six to eight weeks before the last frost if you want to transplant the herb outdoors). Lemon balm’s Latin name is taken from the Greek word for bee (Melissa), and from the ancient belief that a swarm of honeybees could be attracted to an empty hive simply by placing sprigs of the plant inside. You can plant lemon balm from seeds or seedlings, which are young plants that have already sprouted stems. Expose the dish to ample light and just enough water to keep them from drying out (its helpful to use a spray bottle instead of a watering can for this stage) and germination should take place in 10–14 days. Whether you are gifted with a green thumb or not, our guide will help you grow the perfect houseplants. Lemon balm looks nice, but it also smells nice. in just a single season. Mint plants are known for their prolific growth, and our friend, lemon balm, is no exception. A whiff of lemon in the winter, and at all times of the year, is a great mood booster. Seeds should germinate in 7-14 days if indoor temperatures are around 70°F. Whether used as an essential oil, tincture, capsule, concentrate or medicinal tea, it has been shown to help anxiety, insomnia and indigestion and may even help heal cold sores. Choose a container of just about any size, but the larger the container, the more lemon balm you’ll get as your original plant grows. When selecting a container to house your lemon balm plant in, choose a pot with ample drainage holes to minimize the risk of the herb becoming waterlogged or the roots rotting. Water your plant regularly, without letting it get soggy. The plant will also grow much faster and healthier if the soil is rich in organic matter. Lemon balm usually grows to a height of 12 to 18 inches (30 -45cm). Pot them up in September or October, but then leave them outdoors until they’ve gone through a good frost or two (or three). Additionally, the pH of your soil should be neutral to acidic, with a specific level between 6.7 to 7.3 providing the best environment. Lemon Balm Plant Spacing. Get it free when you sign up for our newsletter. Lemon balm also has a unique medicinal history—its use as a curative can be traced back to ancient Greece and Rome, where its leaves were used in a variety of tonics and teas, and its essential oils were extracted to aid with digestive issues. Lemon Balm Benefits. Lemon balm is a great option for container gardening, and it pairs well with summer annuals such as dill or basil. Description Lemon Balm is used to calm nerves, improve sleep, and soothe an upset stomach. Keep reading to learn more about how to grow lemon balm. Your biggest hurdle to growing catnip indoors might not be low light levels, cold air, or lack of consistent watering. In general, it's best to keep your herb away from any drafty air that is too cold or too hot, such as in front of an air conditioner or next to a radiator. They come in many fragrance categories like rose, citrus, mint, apple, lemon, orange, and coconut! Lemon balm has no serious pest issues, but can be susceptible to powdery mildew. Your exact watering schedule will depend on the environment in your home and the plant's sun exposure levels, but a good general rule of thumb is to water in small quantities (do not saturate) as soon as the first inch or so of soil in the pot has dried up. Lemon Mint 150 Seeds - Monarda Citriodora Mint Plant, Lemon Bee Balm Seeds, Purple Horsemint Plant, Beautiful Herb Mint Seeds for Planting Home Garden 5.0 out of 5 stars 1 $9.75 $ 9 . Lemon Balm Plant Height. If you see signs of flowers forming, pinch them off. The versatile herb is a rapid grower outdoors—after planting in early spring, it's not unusual to see a lemon balm plant grow to over a foot tall (sometimes, even two!) Above: Lemon balm grows voraciously; some find it to be … Take care to never remove more than about 25 percent of the plant's mass at any one time. You can also pick leaves from your indoor lemon balm to use in savory and sweet dishes, salads, cocktails, and just about anything else that can benefit from an herbal lemon flavor. Place your herb containers near a windowsill that gets ample light throughout the day. If powdery mildew does develop, remove the infected leaves, and treat with a mild fungicide. How to Grow Lemon Balm. Be sure to start with young lemon balm plants from Bonnie Plants®, which has been helping home gardeners succeed for over 100 years. Lemon balm, a member of the mint family, is a lovely mild herb named for the lemony scent of its leaves. To grow lemon balm in a container, plant seeds or transplants in a pot that is at least eight inches deep and 15 to 18-inches wide. Alternative practitioners believe that lemon balm can be used to treat a wide range of medical conditions, including insomnia, cold sores, high cholesterol, genital herpes, heartburn, and indigestion. Knowing what this herb needs will allow you to grow it indoors, year round. Pro tip: Remember, you can always add more water but … Additionally, lemon balm does not need a humid environment to thrive, so you won't have to worry about increasing the moisture levels in the air with a humidifier. Lemon Balm's botanical name "Melissa" is Greek for "honey bee". 2. That is the time you begin with starting the seeds of lemon balm indoors. Lemon balm can be grown from seed or cuttings. Both lemon balm and catnip are part of the mint family but lemon balm has a brighter green appearance. So, avoid using any soil that was used before to grow other plants. Garden Pests and Diseases of Lemon Balm. The fragrance of lemon balm helps deter insects that attack cabbage family crops … How much to plant: Grow 4 lemon balm plants for cooking; grow 6 to 12 plants for tea and preserving. While not as popular as other herbs, lemon balm is nevertheless a wonderful herb to have in your garden. Starting the plants indoors and transplanting. Lemon balm has a lot of great companion plants. 12 to 14 hours per day is recommended for growing indoors with Bulbo lights. This plant has scented foliage, making it quite different from the other fragrant indoor plants in this list. After all danger of frost has past, set lemon balm plants 20 to 24 inches apart in rich, well-draining soil where it will receive some shade during the day. Instead, it's advised to discard your lemon balm plant if it bolts (goes to flower), in part because the taste and potency of the leaves will be diminished. You can grow your lemon balm indoors year round, but with a container you can also move it outdoors to enjoy it in the garden or on the patio in the warmer months. Lemon balm plants prefer a slightly sandy, well-drained soil. When it comes to its indoor environment, the lemon balm plant is not particularly picky. It is known by various other universal names also common balm, balm mint, lemon balm, Melissa essential oil.For the reason that, in food industries, lemon balm extract and essence of this herbal plant leaf largely used for flavoring purposes in food, beverages and making perfumes. It’s full of fragrance, so you can plant it anywhere that you want to deter insects. It also makes a nicely scented sachet. When it comes to its indoor environment, the lemon balm plant is not particularly picky. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Lemon balm is an ancient herb native to southern Europe that is closely related to mint. If you notice your plant getting a lot of harsh direct rays or turning brown on its leaves, rotate it periodically to avoid burning. It might be your cat. One made of clay or terracotta can also be helpful, as the porous material will help to wick any added moisture from the soil. Thus, lemon balm plants with water once a week will be happy and, in the case of plants that are directly on the floor, in winter they may even live without constant irrigation. It can help relieve stress. However, growing herbs like lemon balm in containers inside adds much more than just a cheerful splash of living green. 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