Plutchik’s eight primary emotions are Joy , Trust , Fear , Surprise , Sadness , Anticipation , Anger , and Disgust . But non-consensual sexual acts are a completely different category, and they are definitely not a private matter: the public has a right to know if people in a position of power are violent criminals. a person might be angry with David Cameron without actually taking concrete steps to murder him, e.g if they are restrained by the thought that he almost certainly has bodyguards, etc. Feh, feelings are just feelings. And that can be as conditional as you like – it’s perfectly sensible to say “I have an immediate emotional reaction of rage to this news, which will be perfectly correct and appropriate if he is found guilty, but which I will regret having and unendorse if he turns out innocent”. KInd of a mistaken identity of another sort. At best you can make them feel guilty, shamed or excluded if they have the “wrong” emotional response. These very public utterances — ‘I angrily deplore the conduct of the guy, but demand that justice be evenhanded’ — are really invitations to join the speaker (and so to legitimate them) in moral positions which are known to be unassailable and whose expression beautifies the speaker. All Rights Reserved. The Great Oz had pulled back the curtain and we could see the media machine at work. As well as the Duke Lacrosse scandal, there have also been (in the last decade) charges laid against Kobe Bryant by a hotel employee and against Al Gore by a massage therapist that I can think of off the top of my head. Click on the ∞ symbol next to a name for a list of all of that author's posts. How about merely sick, with the consciousness that whatever the story turns out to be is not going to be very pleasant or edifying? But, then with constant repetition, those inappropriate brain connections grow stronger and stronger, till eventually they start coming out in real life…. Considering all the truly terrible things human beings do to each other on a daily basis, I don’t see why we should be especially emotionally invested in this particular case just because the media thinks it’s a great news story. Relative Uncertainty – The relative uncertainty is the ratio of the absolute uncertainty … It seems to me that some feminists are sexist, and that the masculine role is a lot more difficult and complicated than they perceive. One would not feel anger at the man, if one’s guess was that he is innocent of the charges. Intrade says I should be 84% outraged. The sense then in which your emotions can be considered to be correct or incorrect is one in which you “take ownership” of them by endorsing them as correct. Uncertainty arises in partially observable and/or stochastic environments, as well as due to ignorance, indolence, or both. “I’m not sure we can afford emotions about news items concerning people we don’t know, and likely will never meet.”. And in fact this is what I guess most of us are doing, so we are not acting with as much irrationality as your post implies. As I estimate large portion of this 16% is various ways to not be found guilty legally (settling out of court, plea bargaining something unrelated, being able to afford much better lawyers, dying before it all ends etc.) Probably out her expenses, too. “What is the appropriate emotional state to express publicly” is what’s going on here, hence the hedging. A mere accusation shouldn’t have these types of consequences. That fits well enough with all the opinions one is supposed to maintain. If what the woman is alleging is substantially correct, this is a non-starter. The “conditional anger” of people appears to me to be some sort of dishonesty that reminds me of that scene in Casablanca: I’m shocked that gambling is going on here!. Steven Teles / The Rise of the Conservative Legal Movement, Chris Mooney / The Republican War on Science, Dani Rodrik / One Economics, Many Recipes, Joseph Carens / The Ethics of Immigration, Susanna Clarke / Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell. Despite being present to the error in my logic, there is no need to judge my feeling as wrong. Such anger no doubt differs in intensity from the sort of immediate and deeply visceral anger that arises in situations where one is a witness to or victim of egregiously immoral or criminal behavior. Not only is that justice system highly imperfect, and a guilty or innocent verdict may not do much to lessen the uncertainty of what actually happened, but that system, wisely, doesn’t even try to line up with morality, to either find out all our sins, or criminalize only immoral behavior. He will almost certainly lose his job and political prospects, even if he’s found innocent. We may not understand much about the debt ceiling, but we have all been seducers and/or seduced, have been accused, or accused others, of behaving, if not illegally, at least immorally and selfishly in ways that uncomfortably parallel his alleged rape or her alleged vindictive perjury. That is a strange idea, because people have such emotions ALL THE TIME, such that it seems to be a significant part of how humans behave. The other responses I’ve had are to reactions to this ‘news’ in the media, similar to other commenters, to some really ugly sexism and classist attitudes..Ben Stein’s amazing excrescence of male and Establishment privilege in ‘the American Spectator’ (see http://spectator.org/archives/2011/05/17/presumed-innocent-anyone ) set me into competing anger and grim hilarity at the sheer unconscious arrogance of it. It seems hard to get past the public signaling aspect — certainly there’s a lot of it on this thread. Some fantasy he probably thought justifiably was just innocent enjoyment, no-one will ever have to know I can entertain myself by imagining. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Given that we have to choose between different emotional reactions, having the reaction which (you believe) is appropriate 80% of the time looks at first blush pretty sensible. So what is the appropriate emotional state to be in now, when you are in a state of uncertainty? Absolute Uncertainty – the absolute uncertainty is the number which, when combined with a reported value, gives the range of true values. On another note, DSK appears to be housed in the west facility in Rikers. The correct emotion to have is the one you are having. In general, I don’t think it is helpful to judge one’s emotions as right or wrong. The remaining 12 minutes can be spent feeling outraged at the maid, or in some intermediate state depending on your guess of what could have happened, conditional on DSK not being guilty. If one feels anger at Strauss-Kahn, when only limited ‘facts’ have been brought to light, it can only be because one has made some guesses re: The Accused’s culpability. Sure we can, at least some of the time. Barry George, Colin Stagg). Let’s go back to anticipatory grief. If such is the case he’s more like a raunchier version of Eliot Spitzer, with really bad luck/judgement. It’s not as if we can apply a moral calculus to consciously choose to feel a certain thing and then have that feeling. I’m not sure we can afford emotions about news items concerning people we don’t know, and likely will never meet. 18, No. The world is full of unfortunate cases, mostly caused by people who have a character defect that they didn’t get help for, and if we get emotionally involved in even a tiny fraction of them, we would be overwhelmed. So there’s one person in the story I have absolutely no problem with being angry at: Banon’s mother – on balance I prefer Grendel’s. The drama was for you. Why Uncertainty Is Linked to Anxiety As a researcher who studies anxiety and emotion regulation, I can tell you that these are all valid and understandable responses to a disruptive event, such as a global pandemic — especially. For me, the question is why can’t we just speak in those terms – why must it be dressed up in emotion-speak? She pulled him out of lineup, and it probably would have been very difficult for anyone else to get into his room. Visit the Emotion Thesaurus Page to view our complete list of entries. Isn’t that kind of backward? 14. I will move away from alleged victims and proceed on the basis that actual victims of sexual violence do genuinely exist so that I can lose some of the necessary conditionals for a paragraph or two. It’s less “conditional emotional response” and more “I’m implicitly including in my statement a prediction of my emotional response under a few different projections of what might turn out to be true.” Which, yes, is intentionally signaling that I’m uncertain of my judgment, it’s signaling that my intuition is quite fallible. Also, we should at all times maintain a state of general indigance toward the French. This make admiting to having particular emotions in a given situation, or alternatively admitting to not having particular emotions in that situation, potentially extremely socially dangerous. I think this is compatible with being angry it might have happened.]. There is no right or wrong way to feel, but there are right and wrong ways to understand and explain your feelings. OK, you get the point. What is the MOOD in the story of The Aged Mother? We can only hope that public officials share the same kind of fear. This is not at all comparable to (at least how I have imagined) priestly pedophilia because that is in some sense consensual, just that we don’t extend the authority to consent to the victims. However, I can readily imagine myself being angry should I discover during the course of a trial or as a result of a plea that Stauss-Kahn is indeed guilty (more or less) as charged. There’s a kind of Bayesian process at work: we encounter a news event with a set of priors, which may be based on facts and/or may be based on biases or prejudices. I might feel afraid that people I love are vulnerable to rape and/or that people I love might be falsely accused. I don’t see why our emotions are supposed to directly reflect a considered political position anyway, like those self-righteous headlines in the New York Post. perp is high-status, and we’ focused on it, doesn’t change the overall minor sinking feeling I have. 291-319. NO. It’s not right to think of the emotional state is timeless; it’s a dynamic thing. and still be nearly in position to have been elected President of France, after having been one of the least antisocial chiefs of the IMF. In fact, the presence of uncertainty in the absence of any required action should only act as a brake on us relying upon emotions. 1) The woman is telling the truth and DSK is guilty pretty much as charged. It sounds like DSK has a sex addiction problem, and rather than seeking professional help chose to feed it. It also seems natural to assume – because she believes she’s been victimized – that DSK did something ‘wrong.’ And that’s where the anger comes in. And frankly (couched and restrained) anger toward Banon, as well. And if some people don’t find the exercise edifying, that may be because we’ve had too many opportunities to work this through already. The truth is, … My theory for the event, is that he had made some sort of arrangement with an escort service to play out his fanatasy, and the poor maid showed up at his door instead and became the victim. Rejecting 2 and 3 means that either DSK is guilty, or the woman is lying. I judge that Ted Lemon, SKupusniak, Pete and JS are all on the right track. Anxiety as an “epistemic” emotion: An uncertainty theory of anxiety. ‘I’m cool as a cucumber, but, should the victim prove to be one, I will feel a sudden upsurge of sentiment on her behalf.’ Or, alternatively, if you are 80% confident that DSK is guilty, at this point, should you feel the level of outrage that would accrue to actual guilt, but discounted 20%, affectively. My theory for the event, is that he had made some sort of arrangement with an escort service to play out his fanatasy, and the poor maid showed up at his door instead and became the victim. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Ben Stein might think “5) The woman has been put up to lying” has a 90% probability. I often remind myself that fear is an illusion. My apathy is not confined to the S-K case. Need I ask permission to touch my date’s hand? If you think there’s an 80% chance your husband cheats on you, how mad should you be? For example, the anger here ought to be susceptible to a modus tollens. For people who want to parse that article and pick on the living arrangements of the victim, I think this quote from Harlem United’s website is appropriate: The program is the lease-holder of each apartment for the first 12 months, with the expectation that each client will graduate the program 12 months after admission, at which time the lease is moved into the client’s name and supportive services cease. Unhealthy anticipatory grief is really anxiety, and that’s the feeling you’re talking about. The Supreme Court seemed too busy to have any trials. Surely the appropriate emotions to have under uncertainty are ones like, anxiety, hope, dread, etc. Without an a priori emotional state, there is hope for a fair judgement. Maybe this is the way to put it: I experience a temptation to judge — which has the phenomenology of judgment. What is plot of the story Sinigang by Marby Villaceran? Also, I am in agreement with CRW in that it constantly confounds me how, in the media and elsewhere, an allegation of sexual violence is conflated with allegations of someone being a bit of a “libertine/womaniser/seducer”, being prone to “peccadilloes” or having “a problem with women”. As I said, anger is perhaps not a very respectable emotion in political discourse). Sympathy, first. How much power is consumed by a 12-V incandescent lamp if it draws 150mA of current when lit? Skapusniak: While you may not be able to control your initial emotions, you can and should check with your intellect whether those are reasonable. $\begingroup$ The model of curiosity you cite makes explicit that curiosity is an emotion or affective state, counter to your conclusion: "curiosity […] reflects feelings of uncertainty and tension." So I feel sadness. but if she’d done the right thing then, perhaps this woman would not have been a victim. Because there is relatively little research to draw on, my Hope: An Emotion and a Vital Coping Resource Against Despair , BY RICHARD S. LAZARUS VV hen we consider human well being, hope should be of inter-est to everyone. It seems like the conditional expressions of emotion are less conditional and more of a way of acknowledging that if the circumstances turn out to be other than one believes them to be, the feelings of anger will have been inappropriate. After all, this powerful man is now in a notoriously brutal prison without bail, based on the accusation of a single person – a poor immigrant woman working in a low-status profession at that. “What’s the right way to feel, under uncertainty?”. But then, over time, we learn more – we learn about Tristane Banon, for example, and other things that seem to have been known to lots of people in the French governing classes and media, not so much to the rest of us. In some cases, certainty is developed in emotion. Of course, people get angry all the time at various ‘enemies’ of their country, based only on the rumors re: the enemy’s intentions/motivation/etc. As I see it, this is evidence against the idea that powerful men can do as they like and get away with it. OTOH actions, including blog comments, most definitely have a right and wrong. For example, I might feel anger at the alleged victim because somebody I know was once falsely accused of rape. That’s why we try to settle the truth in such matters by putting it in the hands of neutral parties and an as emotionally neutral procedure as we can manage. There is no such thing as conditional anger, but there is such a thing as being angry about the behavior described in the criminal complaint against DSK (in the same way that you might be horrified by the actions of Iago), but unsure that the actual DSK actually performed those actions, and so unwilling to be angry at the actual DSK until such time as you feel confident identifying him with the guy described in the complaint. I’m with Omega Centauri on this. I couldn’t care less if some politician is a “ladies’ man”, and the French are right to steer clear of the Anglo-Saxon obsession with their politicians’ marital fidelity. And this is, perhaps, the best way for a jury to feel – interest in the trial. I’m hoping the French responses I see in the media are not as baldly prejudiced as the might seem, and are in reaction to the ‘perp walk’ (barbaric, but so American..) At our best and wisest, we settle for the inglorious end for our “justice” system of just trying to keep order, just trying to keep disputes over who did what that supposedly wronged whom, from themselves spinning out of control into a cycle of retribution and counter-retribution whose damage ends up dwarfing the original wrong. *I am not sure that the best way to describe things is Hilzoy’s — which sounds like it is anger at a behavior type (which would be a weirdly abstract object of anger) or perhaps anger of the sort we direct at fictional villains (which I’d expect to be less keenly felt). If we believe what Banon is saying now, she was very young at the time of the attempted rape and was put under intolerable pressure by people she might suppose to have her interests at heart, including her own mother, not to report it. I don’t have an answer for this. 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