Two outstanding characteristics are the four-petaled, white flowers that appear above the foliage in June and reddish-purple fall color. Flowering dogwood has been named the state tree of both Virginia and Missouri, and the state flower of North Carolina. There are many different types of dogwoods, some of which bear fruit that's "edible" (meaning you won't get sick if you eat it) and some whose edible fruits are so tasty they're a sought-after delicacy. As flowering Dogwood is a rich source of nectar it is ideal to grow if you want to attract butterflies, bees, Squirrels, and Songbirds to the garden. The wood is extremely dense but highly susceptible to decay. ‘Cherokee Chief’ has ruby, red bracts and is one of the most poplar red-bract dogwoods. The cultivar was selected by the Howell Nursery in Tennessee in 1954. It’s beautiful but rain and wind can cut short the flowering season many a year and the root system is prone to disease. The leaves are opposite, simple, ovate, 6–13 cm (2.4–5.1 in) long and 4–6 cm (1.6–2.4 in) broad, with an apparently entire margin (actually very finely toothed, under a lens); they turn a rich red-brown in fall. If your newly planted cornelian cherry dogwood tree doesn't bear fruit, be patient -- young seedlings produce only male flowers, but second- or third-year transplants begin growing perfect flowers, which can produce fruit. It delights us with its beauty all year long, with its clouds of white flowers visible in springtime woodlands, its attractive green midsummer foliage, its brilliant red or orange leaves and bright … It is a plant with four-season character – showy spring flowers, summer and fall foliage, fall fruit and winter branching habit. The tree grows well in almost any … I have a Pink Flowering Dogwood I just planted this early Spring. The tree is known and admired for its display of very showy, large, white (occasionally pink) bracts that emerge before the leaves in early spring and surround small, inconspicuous, tight clusters of green flowers. Noted for its 4 seasons of interest, Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood) is a large shrub or small deciduous tree adorned with a rounded to flat-topped canopy and elegant horizontal or tiered branches. Spores are spread by wind to surrounding dogwoo… Nodal (axillary bud) sections are established in a culture of Woody Plant Medium (WPM) amended with 4.4 µmol/L 6-Benzyladenine (BA) to promote shoot growth. Plant flowering dogwood grown from seed collected from trees indigenous to your local area. This dogwood is a great landscape addition near utility lines, next to buildings, or near patios. Trees can be used in groupings, as specimens or in naturalized areas. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) high, often wider than it is tall when mature, with a trunk diameter of up to 30 cm (1 ft). The fruits of flowering dogwood are bright red, while the rest are either white or dark blue. The fruit is a cluster of two to ten separate drupes, (fused in Cornus kousa), each 10–15 mm (0.39–0.59 in) long and about 8 mm (0.31 in) wide, which ripen in the late summer and the early fall to a bright red, or occasionally yellow with a rosy blush. The selection of healthy, disease-free planting stock is essential and transplanting trees from the forest should be avoided. Available in a wide variety of colors, shapes, and sizes, dogwood trees add beauty to the landscape for most of the year. It is listed on the Threatened and Endangered Species List in both Maine and Vermont. Trees grow in the understory on lower and middle slopes. Trees are typically killed in 2 to 3 years. The flowers are individually small and inconspicuous, with four greenish-yellow bracts 4 mm (0.16 in) long. Range: Eastern N. America - Maine to Florida, east to Kansas and Texas. Pollution, salt, heat, and drought all present dangers for flowering dogwood, which cannot tolerate any of these stresses. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. The showy part is actually a leaf-like bract under the tiny flowers. … It has lovely flowers in spring, attractive foliage in summer and fall, colorful fruit in fall and an interesting growth habit that provides winter interest. [9] In urban and suburban settings, care should be taken not to inflict mower damage on the trunk or roots, as this increases the tree's susceptibility to disease and pest pressure. A small tree reaching only 12 feet high, redosier dogwood (Cornus sericea) is especially noticeable in winter for its red branches. The drupe is about 7/16 inch (1 cm) long. 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