Don Hewitt, TV producer; creator of 60 Minutes. Definition of claymore mine in the Definitions.net dictionary. The mine was barely more than a prototype and was not considered a "reliable casualty producer" with an effective range like the Phoenix of only 90 feet (30 m). [1], Early pre-production mines were triggered using a battery pack that was used with the M18, however this was undesirable for a number of reasons. The development of the M18A1 mine dates back to work done during World War II. Vietnam Era Claymore Mine TRAINING Set. The M18 Claymore anti-personnel mine was specifically designed to kill or maim enemy ground troops approaching a position from a specific direction. Testing concluded that the mine was effective out to approximately 110 yards (Bad rounding hereScript error m), being capable of hitting 10% of the attacking force. A large number of pellets were embedded in the face of the In the end simple peep sights were adopted, which was later replaced by a knife blade sight. M57 Firing Device. Junior J. Spurrier, received Medal of Honor for his actions in capturing Achain, France. A large, double-edged broadsword formerly used by Scottish Highlanders. Miranda Hart, comedian, actress, writer (Miranda Hart's Joke Shop on BBC Radio 2 and its spinoff BBC sitcom TV series Miranda). [1], The original M18 mine fell far short of requirements. In total the mine weighed about 2.43-pound (Bad rounding hereScript error kg), and could be fitted with an optional peep sight for aiming. Charlie Rich, crossover country singer, musician ("Behind Closed Doors"). In 1954 Picatinny Arsenal issued a request for proposals (RFP) aimed at improving the M18 into a more effective weapon. The case has the words "Front Toward Enemy" embossed on the front of the mine. Quite a lot has changed in Vietnam, especially the roads and highways. [6] The patent was later the source of a civil court case between MacLeod, the Army, and Aerojet who proceeded to develop the design further. Field-expedient methods of detonating the mine by tripwire, or even by a timer, exist, but are rarely used. The softer balls did not spall when struck by the shock from the explosive, instead they deformed into a useful aerodynamic shape similar to a .22 rimfire projectile. The M18A1 Claymore is a directional anti-personnel mine developed for the United States Armed Forces. Making a name for itself during the Vietnam War, it was used … Tactical Employment of the Claymore Mine. At 55 yards (Bad rounding hereScript error m) this increased to 30%. Claymore Clara was a Viet Cong patient I treated at the Provincial Hospital in Nha-Trang, South Vietnam. [1], Following the massed Chinese attacks during the Korean War, Canada and the United States began to develop projects to counter them. The weapon and all its accessories are carried in an M7 bandolier. Designed to counter human-wave assaults, the Claymore uses a shaped C-4 charge to fire several hundred steel balls into a designated 55-yard killing zone. After a number of experiments they settled on Devcon-S steel filled epoxy to hold the balls in place. Controlled detonation may be accomplished by use of either an electrical or non-electrical firing system. A claymore mine. Components of the M18A1 Claymore. Bill Kincheloe came up with the idea of using a "Tiny Tim" toggle generator used with a number of navy rockets. Its inventor, Norman MacLeod, named the mine after a large medieval Scottish sword. LTC Robert L Graham Operations Officer D Troop, Centaurs 1966-67 The force of the explosion deforms the relatively soft steel balls into a shape similar to a .22 rimfire projectile. The Army accepted the claymore in 1956, and factories produced 80,000 per month during the Vietnam War. Using dyes to test various plastics for leaks, they found a suitable plastic called Durex 1661½ which could be easily molded into a case.[1]. Note the detonator inserted into the side. Summary. U.S. soldiers first used them to devastating effect against Viet Cong and North Vietnamese human-wave assaults. the great sword)." Pg. [1], There were still a number of technical challenges to overcome, including the development of a case that would be able to contain the corrosive C-3 explosive, and be tough enough to withstand months of field handling in wide temperature ranges. The quick glance soldiers gave each other in Vietnam because they didn't know how long each of them were going to be around to get to know each other. Shirley Jackson, novelist and short story writer (Life Among Savages, The Lottery). First, the hardened steel balls spalled into fragments when hit by the shock of the explosion; the fragments were neither aerodynamic enough nor large enough to perform effectively. One of the first improvements was to replace the steel cubes with 7⁄32-inch (Bad rounding hereScript error mm) hardened 52100 alloy ball bearings. Henry IV, the first Bourbon king of France. Internally the mine contains a layer of C-4 explosive behind a matrix of about seven hundred 1⁄8-inch-diameter (Bad rounding hereScript error mm) steel balls (about as big as #3 buckshot) set into an epoxy resin. Define claymore. Questions. The mine can be detonated by any mechanism that activates the blasting cap. Norman MacLeod and Explosive Research Corporation, Kennedy, Throner, Bledsoe, and Kincheloe at Aerojet. Today, the term is applied to 'newbie' people who move to a urban neighborhood from another state or from the suburbs during gentrification. Guy C. Throner working at Aerojet had independently come up with a design for a Claymore-like mine in the early 1950s. No Interest if paid in full in 6 mo on $99+Opens in a new window or tab* No Interest if paid in full in 6 months on $99+. When the mines are daisy chained together, one firing device can initiate several mines. See more. Also called "ambulatory". Vietnam War is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. Claymore. Firebase. The claymore mine is a wall of iron pellets propelled by plastic explosive and detonated with a blasting cap. The shape was developed through experimentation to deliver the optimum distribution of fragments at 50 m (Bad rounding hereScript error yd) range. She had been nicknamed Claymore Clara by one of the nurses. Canada fielded a weapon called the "Phoenix" landmine that used the Misznay-Schardin effect to project a spray of 0.25-inch (Bad rounding hereScript error mm) steel cubes towards the enemy. Definitions of Terms Vietnam Era. Another word for claymore mine. The mine was planted in the ground using its three sharp legs and was aimed in the direction of enemy approach and then fitted with an electrical blasting cap. It was accepted into Army service as the M18 Claymore and approximately 10,000 were produced. Automatic Ambush - a series of claymore mines configured to detonate simultaneously when triggered by a trip-wire/battery mechanism. Patty Duke, actress, singer; won Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress at age 16, playing Helen Keller in The Miracle Worker; president of Screen Actors Guild (1985-88). It was named after the large Scottish sword by its inventor, Norman A. MacLeod. The mine was then triggered from a safe position, preferably to the side and rear. The claymore used a curved block of C-4 explosive, shaped to blow all its force outward in a semicircular pattern. chÀo mỪng cÁc bẠn Đà ĐẾn vỚi trang claymore wiki viỆt nam. [1], MacLeod applied for a patent for the mine on 18 January 1956 and was granted it in February 1961. Organization formed by Vietnam veterans who gathered to protest American involvement in Vietnam. Nostradamus [Michel de Nostredame], French astrologer and physician. [1] These fragments are moderately effective up to a range of 100 m (Bad rounding hereScript error yd), with a hit probability of around 10% on a prone man-sized 1.3-square-foot (Bad rounding hereScript error m2) target. Connecting Wire. Cao Dai a religious and political sect formed in the 1920s by a group of South Vietnamese intellectuals, combining the three major religions of Vietnam -- Buddhism, Confucianism, and Christianity -- with the worship of Vietnamese and Western heroes. He pivots, quickly snatches up the Claymore and strides in defiant steps down the pathways to the safety of the bunker line. date of expected return from overseas. This slightly improves the fragment velocity, and protects the steel fragments from the corrosive explosive. The Claymore is perhaps the most famous mine of the latter half of the 20th century. [1] Originally an aluminum box was used to hold the generator. Summary. Widely used in Vietnam, the claymore antipersonnel mine was designed to produce a directionalized, fan-shaped pattern of fragments. Hồ Ngọc Đức, Dự án Từ điển tiếng Việt miễn phí ; Tiếng Pháp Cách phát âm . 507. Definition of claymore noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. (Illustration by Gregory Proch). The fragments can travel up to 250 m (Bad rounding hereScript error yd). 2 viewed per hour. With this improvement, the velocity improved to 3,995 feet (Bad rounding hereScript error m) per second. This was determined experimentally by Bledsoe, through a large number of test firings. A bulletproof vest. Claymore Commonly used in Vietnam, the claymore antipersonnel mine was designed to produce a directionalized, fan-shaped pattern of fragments. James H. Doolittle, American Air Force general who commanded the first bombing mission over Japan. ‘Another weapon that caused multiple wounds, the claymore mine, was used extensively by both sides in the Vietnam War.’ ‘One notable weapon, the claymore mine, consisted of a C - 4 block with several embedded ball bearings.’ ‘Apart from firing all unit small arms by day and night, soldiers threw grenades and fired claymore mines.’ Picatinny criteria for the weapon were as follows, The requirement for kinetic energy came from the fact that 58 foot pounds is the amount of kinetic energy required to deliver a potentially lethal injury. Item Information. The M18A1 Claymore is a directional anti-personnel mine used by the U.S. military. walking wounded: wounded who are still able to walk without assistance. Lee Remick, actress (Days of Wine and Roses, The Omen). Unlike a conventional land mine, the Claymore is command-detonated and directional, meaning it is fired by remote-control, shooting a pattern of metal balls into the kill zone like a shotgun. It is not clear if Picatinny took the concept from this Canadian weapon and asked Norman MacLeod to develop it; or if he came up with the idea independently and presented it to them. In the Vietnam War, the mine was used by the United States Army with effect against NVA (North Vietnamese Army) and VC (Viet Cong) forces along commonly used jungle trails during ambush missions. APC bodies were mounted on 5-ton truck beds in Vietnam to create convoy-protecting "gun trucks". The team at Aerojet were given access to all previous research into the directional mine, including the M18 and the Phoenix mine, as well as German research. The terms are provided as an aid to terminology in use during the Vietnam Era that may change over time or may not be available elsewhere. Many countries use mines like the Claymore. ... First used as anti-personnel mine during the Vietnam War. ARC Light Ops A layer of tinfoil was added between the fragmentation matrix and the explosive. det-cord detonating cord used with explosives deuce-and-a-half two-and-a-half ton truck dew marijuana DH5 Viet Cong claymore mine DH10 Viet Cong claymore mine di go dicks Schardin spent some time developing the discovery as a side-attack anti-tank weapon, but development was incomplete at the end of the war. n. A lens-shaped, ground-emplaced antipersonnel mine whose blast is focused in the direction of the oncoming enemy. Later a Philadelphia company, Molded Plastic Insulation Company, took over the manufacture of the firing device for the first large scale production run producing a plastic device.[1]. The Claymore fires steel balls, out to about 100 meters within a 60° arc in front of the device. [1], Minor modifications were made to the mine during its service. Tham khảo . [5] It lacked the later version's iconic "FRONT TOWARD ENEMY" marking. Schardin also spent time researching a "trench mine" that used a directional fragmentation effect. Claymore definition is - a large 2-edged sword formerly used by Scottish Highlanders; also : their basket-hilted broadsword. Claymore Dual Miner supports mining Ethash-based coins (e.g., Ethereum) with 0.65% of devfee. tất cả các bài viết: Emmett Tyrell, journalist, author, publisher; founded The American Spectator magazine. Responding to its 1954 request for proposal, researchers at Aerojet Corp. collaborated on a weapon whose C-4 charge could shoot steel balls to an effective range of 55 yards. claymore synonyms, claymore pronunciation, claymore translation, English dictionary definition of claymore. A tracked vehicle carried over from WWII and Korea. Instruction Sheet. Authors arguing … 2. The original M18 Claymore mine. When mines are employed in the controlled role, they are treated as individual weapons and are reported in the unit fire plan. The day all American soldiers in Vietnam were waiting for. James Thomas Aubrey Jr., TV and film executive; president of CBS television (1959–1965). You are in the correct area but Claymore Corner was actually further to the right by that small road. Designed to counter human-wave assaults, the Claymore uses a shaped C-4 charge to fire several hundred steel balls into a designated 55-yard killing zone. An electrical blasting cap for triggering the mine was inserted through a small hole in the side. Explosives researcher Norman A. MacLeod used it to design a weapon to counter human-wave assaults, such as those waged by Chinese soldiers against Americans in the Korean War. WHISKEY return to top wake-up: as in "13 and a wake-up" -- the last day of a soldier's Vietnam tour. Ernie Davis, first African American to win Heisman Trophy (Syracuse University); subject of The Express movie (2008). The sighting for the device was also originally intended to be a cheap pentaprism device, that would allow the user to look down from above and see the sight picture. Claymore Corner was a 90 degree road junction. In the lead-up to World War II József Misznay, a Hungarian army officer and ballistics expert, and German physicist Hubert Schardin formulated the Misznay-Schardin effect, a phenomenon in which the blast from the face of an explosive sheet expands perpendicularly from its surface. Using a homemade chronograph these were clocked at 3,775 feet (Bad rounding hereScript error m) per second. curved block of C-4 explosive, shaped to blow all its force outward in a semicircular pattern. The M57 Firing Device (colloquially referred to as the "clacker") is included with each mine. Unlike a conventional land mine, the Claymore is command-detonated and directional, meaning it is fired by remote-control, shooting a pattern of metal balls into the kill zone like a shotgun. Flak jacket. The Claymore fires steel balls, out to about 100 meters within a 60° arc in front of the device. Spider Stacy (Peter  Stacy), singer, songwriter, musician with The Pogues band. Claymore Mine Body. claymore /ˈkleɪ.ˌmɔr/ (Sử học) Gươm (to bản, của người vùng núi Ê-cốt). MacLeod's case collapsed when photographs of the German Trenchmine prototype were produced as evidence of prior art.[1]. The M18 was 9.25-inch (Bad rounding hereScript error mm) long and 3.27-inch (Bad rounding hereScript error mm) high with a plastic case with three folding spike legs on the bottom. The Misznay-Schardin effect was independently discovered during World War II by Misznay, a Hungarian, and Dr. Hubert Schardin, a German. [1], A second problem to be addressed was the curvature of the mine. claymore mine synonyms, claymore mine pronunciation, claymore mine translation, English dictionary definition of claymore mine. Definition of claymore in the Definitions.net dictionary. The mine is detonated as the enemy approaches the killing zone. An antipersonnel mine used to quell the advance of enemy troops; it can be activated from a distance. Examples include former Soviet Union models MON-50, MON-90, MON-100, MON-200, MRUD (Serbia), MAPED F1 (France), and Mini MS-803 (South Africa). It is used primarily in ambushes and as an anti-infiltration device against enemy infantry. A ferrite choke was added to prevent RF signals and lightning from triggering the mine.[1]. [1], Kincheloe immediately came up with the suggestion to use softer 1⁄8-inch (Bad rounding hereScript error mm) steel "gingle" balls that were used in the foundry process. Dr. John Bledsoe led the initial project. Price: US $175.00. Information and translations of claymore in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Meaning of claymore mine. The area in a combat zone in which artillery can be used to provide heavy firepower as a support for other military units. It was too large to be a practical infantry weapon and was relatively ineffective with a maximum effective range of only 20 to 30 yards (20 to 30 meters).[1]. It consists of a layer of explosives at the rear of the device, and a layer of steel ball bearings at the front side. [7] Given the requirements of weight, and fragment density required this dictated using approximately 700 fragments, and being able to aim the mine with an accuracy of around two feet (0.6 m) at the center of the target zone. 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By any mechanism that activates the blasting cap was bid out to about 100 meters within 60°! Throner, Bledsoe, through a small hole in the controlled role, they are treated as weapons! Actually further to the mine can be used to provide heavy firepower as support.
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