Adeloju, in Encyclopedia of Analytical Science (Second Edition), 2005. The predominant goals of agricultural biotechnologies are given urgency by several trends, including population growth, rising standards of living and consumption levels, climate change, persistent malnutrition and hunger, and dependence on toxic pesticides. This task, however, could be further complicated by the still-developing taxonomy of enterococci, which needs more effective identification and characterization tools. Moreover, it was demonstrated that proteolysis occurring during fermentation may also degrade wheat allergens, and recent findings hypothesized the use of sourdough as a tool for allowing wheat baked goods to be tolerated by subjects suffering from gluten sensitivity. In contrast to the static genome, the proteome is highly dynamic, influenced both by the genome and many external factors, such as the state of development, tissue type, metabolic state, and various interactions. Genetically modified crops (GM crops) are genetically modified plants that are used in agriculture.The first crops developed were used for animal or human food and provide resistance to certain pests, diseases, environmental conditions, spoilage or chemical treatments (e.g. The production of bioenergy or biofuel is often classified in this category, and indeed it overlaps with all types of biotechnology insofar as they entail industrial processes. Antitumor, antiulcer, immunomodulatory, antiviral, and cholesterol-lowering activities are some of the health benefits adduced to these EPS (Nwodo et al., 2012). 浙B2-20120091. A. Briggle, in Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics (Second Edition), 2012. Bread, cheese, yogurt, beer and wine, vinegar, and many other foods are produced through microbial fermentation or enzymatic activity. In the consultation report, guidelines were established for evaluating the allergenicity of genetically modified foods. Then in 1928, Sir Alexander Fleming managed to extract penicillin from mold. It was a microbe that had been modified to digest petroleum in order to help clean up oil spills. In addition to biological tests on the protein of interest, a protein is considered allergenic if it satisfies either of the following criteria: a sequence identity of six or more contiguous amino acids with a known allergen; a minimum of 35% sequence similarity over a window of 80 amino acids with a known allergen. This biotech potato has 50-75% lower levels of acrylamide, a potential carcinogen in humans, produced when potatoes are exposed to high temperatures. Double (or multiple) systems, also known as “emulsions within emulsions,” consist of two main types: water-in-oil-in-water (W/O/W), and oil-in-water-in-oil (O/W/O) [282,283]. Although myriad methods to identify the taxonomy and identification of Enterococcus species have been developed, it remains relatively difficult to correctly identify these groups of bacteria or to discriminate them from other LAB. The importance of the polyphenolic antioxidants in tea and red wines has been recognized, while some lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria appear to have probiotic effects in fermented milks. This chapter focuses on the biotechnologies that use selected sourdough lactic acid bacteria or probiotics to potentially counteract the adverse reactions to gluten, and the risk of gluten contamination. Proteomic approaches are widely being used in microbiology and food biotechnology. Homa Gheybi, ... Mohsen Adeli, in Engineering of Biomaterials for Drug Delivery Systems, 2018. Porphyrin conjugated polyglycerol dendron moiety (PGP), a novel multifunctional surfactant, has been employed as an effective stabilizer in emulsions (Fig. Although the overall picture emerging from literature data has provided, during recent years, a ‘balanced budget’ between beneficial and virulence features, their role as primary pathogens is still a question. Also known as “The Organism Company”, Ginkgo Bioworks is a Boston-based startup paving new ground in the growing field of food biotech. Sichuan Sentaiyuan Biotechnology Co., Ltd. Guangzhou Chunxiang Biotechnology Co., Ltd. Golden Health (guangdong) Biotechnology Co., Ltd. Guangzhou Endlesshealthy Biotechnology Co., Ltd. Ankang Bosheng Selenium-Rich Biotechnology Co., Ltd. Guangzhou Ludingji Biotechnology Co., Ltd. Shangqiu Yinzhijian Biotechnology Co., Ltd. Xiamen Yuanzhidao Biotechnology Co., Ltd. Henan Zhisheng Youpin Biotechnology Co., Ltd. Shandong Kangmeile Biotechnology Co., Ltd. Xi'an D-Sung Health Biotechnology Co., Ltd. Guangzhou Changshengkang Biotechnology Co., Ltd. Hainan Semnl Biotechnology Co., Ltd. Chengmai Branch. Many other biotechnologies serve the goal of life prolongation, including respirators, pacemakers, and artificial and transplanted organs and tissues. The obtained emulsion from hyperbranched polyglycerols conjugated to poly(lactic acid) revealed the unique effect of HPG on the drug delivery system for antitumor agent camptothecin resulting in high stability, sustained drug release, improved blood circulation time and biodistribution, and low accumulation in the liver [60]. Trends in consumer awareness and opinions about biotechnology and genetically engineered foods remain a shifting and somewhat controversial area. Joo Chuan Tong, Shoba Ranganathan, in Computer-Aided Vaccine Design, 2013. 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