May his memory as teacher, theorist, writer and friend inspire us to get out from under the burdens of history and make the present and future our own. Xin Chen is professor of theory of history in the History Department, Zhejiang University. but how we plot the story of coming to understand. totality” (6). Paul, Herman. Hayden V. White bequeathed an immense intellectual legacy to the Humanities at the University of California. Intellectual Historian, Theorist. it nailed down, you watch it again and it reveals another layer. This special issue honoring White’s 80th birthday commences with Alun Munslow’s “Editorial Note,” and follows with a conversation between Ewa Domańska and White as well as contributions by Kalle Pihlainen, Oliver Daddow, Keith Jenkins, Herman Paul, and Patrick Finney. Expand or collapse the "in this article" section, Overviews, Introductions, and Special Issues, Influences, Reception, Interlocutors, and (Missed) Encounters, Academia, (Anti-)Disciplinarity, and the Historical Profession, Fiction, Emplotment, Narrativity, and Narratology, Formalism, Figuralism, the Figure-Fulfillment Model, and the Modernist Event, Modernism, Postmodernism, Constructivism, Deconstruction, and the Linguistic Turn, The Holocaust, Traumatic History, and Witness Literature, Ethics, Politics, Existentialism, and the Practical Past, Transnationalism in Postcolonial and Subaltern Studies. [19] Ibidem. Hayden White (b. Hayden White in History and Theory Virtual Issue, May 2018 Contribute to the Hayden V. White Endowed Chair at UC Santa Cruz . Hayden White is celebrated as one of the great minds in the humanities. HISTORICAL THEORY HAYDEN WHITE In contemporary historical theory the topic of narrative has been the subject of extraordinarily intense debate. For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here. act” (6). the “ironic reflection on the inadequacy of the characterization He goes on to argue that the critical concepts that have secured White's fame – trope, plot, discourse, figural realism – all stem from his desire to explicate the moral claims and perceptions … In consonance with Roland Barthes, White recognized that narrative historiography shared stylistic ground with realist fiction in adhering to poetic conventions that shore up the “referential illusion,” or the reader’s feeling that descriptive writing bears an intimate relationship with a sometimes arbitrary and disordered reality. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on ways that human beings structure their experience of the world with narrative Croce and Becker: A Note on the Evidence of Influence (1971). The articles included in special issues edited by Vann (Vann 1998), Munslow (Munslow 2008), Tozzi (Tozzi 2013), and Neves (Neves 2018) explore various directions and motifs in White’s thought. White unpacks interpretation and meaning in history, arguing that literary or psychic tropes govern the discourse of history just as clearly as they are manifest in the other arts and sciences; and that history that lacks self-consciousness of the constitutive forces of its own discourse can rightly be criticized as inherently meaningless, if not merely a propaganda tool for the justification of the status quo. 12 July 1928–d. Metahistorical tropes are generally understood to be styles of discourse — rather than figures of style — underlying the historian's writing of history. its elements across a “time series” [6]). Hayden White is a controversial figure in the world of history. This final stage of understanding fixates on the Bibliografie. Chen studies Western history of historiography and theory of history. [18] Hayden White, The Practical Past. experience, what White terms “metonymic deconstructions of its elements” 12 July 1928–d. Ankersmit, et al. A substantive and nuanced introduction to the debate on the problem of narrativity, and White’s role in rethinking the relation between history and literature. This volume, deftly introduced by Robert Doran, … Foucault Decoded: Notes from Underground (1973). You could not be signed in, please check and try again. Key Contemporary Thinkers Series. this discovery process, which follows recognizable stages of understanding. “Hayden White: In Memoriam.” The Historian 80.4 (Winter 2018): 691–704. 3 (2005), 334. into one or another domain of experience encoded adequately enough to White's book and his ensuing articles made theory of history receptive to narrative theory as it had been discussed in literary studies and linguistics. The film refuses to be pigeonholed. Basically, Korhonen, Kuisma, ed. White argues against the traditional opposition between history (judged by its correspondence to reality) and literature (judged by its correspondence to fiction). One such “defensive” narrative occasion is our experience 5 March 2018) was a groundbreaking critic of conventional historiography whose emphasis on the moral, rhetorical, aesthetic, and fictive valences of narrative as a mode of figuration unsettled professional historians’ tendency to disavow the role of the imagination and form in the selective arrangement of evidence. 1: From the Italian Renaissance to the French Revolution (1966) with Willson H. Coates and J. Salwyn Schapiro; and, again with Coates, The Ordeal of Liberal Humanism: An Intellectual History of Western Europe, Vol. Hayden White is celebrated as one of the great minds in the humanities. That’s In practice, he believes Articles by Hayden White: The Burden of History (1966). Hayden White was a historian in the tradition of literary criticism, perhaps most famous for his work Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe (1973). it from the domain of things felt to be ‘exotic’ and unclassified Hayden White's perhaps richest and most profoundly argued book,The Content of the Form, touches many nerves in the American historicalprofession. Professor of Information Design | Department of Writing Studies | 1201 Ordean Court # 420 | University of Minnesota Duluth | He was 89 years old. this page. up intriguing ambiguities and interesting new problems of interpretation. a psychological mechanism of defense” (2). This fresh collection features shorter essays by members of an international group of scholars, each focusing on one of White’s articles. Before the appearance in 1973 of the textbook The Greco-Roman Tradition and his monograph Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe, White translated Carlo Antoni’s From History to Sociology: The Transition in German Historical Thinking from Italian (with a foreword by Benedetto Croce) (1959); co-authored two textbooks respectively entitled The Emergence of Liberal Humanism: An Intellectual History of Western Europe, Vol. This special issue includes contributions by a younger generation of commentators on the philosophy of history as represented by Verónica Tozzi, Nicolás Lavagnino, María Inés La Greca, María Martini and Natalia Taccetta, and Kalle Pihlainen. Please contact Since the publication of his groundbreaking monograph, Metahistory, in 1973, White’s work has been crucial to disciplines where narrative is of primary concern, including history, literary studies, anthropology, philosophy, art history, and film and media studies. Comedy is socially integrative and celebrates the conservation of shared human values against the threat of disruption. White observes that we construct narratives to plot our experience of we compare the new with the familiar as a kind of rough equivalence. Inspired by White’s work, the issue reflects each contributor’s perspective on the ethical and political dimensions of his theory. Práticas de História: A Journal on Theory, Historiography, and Uses of the Past 6 (2018). Tozzi, Verónica, ed. of anything new and perhaps threatening: a place (Mars), an experience 44, No. We can For Hayden White, historians are (in most ways at least) just like everyone else. In his book Tropics of Discourse, Hayden White examines the Hayden White's Tropics White thinks that in principle any of the modes of emplotment can be combined with any of the modes of argument and any of the modes of ideology (thus in principle one could have a history written as mechanistic anarchist comedy). Study any textbook on the theory and philosophy of history, and you will be assured that his 1973 book Metahistory marked a revolutionary turning point in historical theory. of our once-new-and-strange film—now a classic—keep turning Hayden White's Narrative Theory of Discovery In his book Tropics of Discourse , Hayden White examines the ways that human beings structure their experience of the world with narrative forms—a process that he calls “the linguistic equivalent of a psychological mechanism of defense” (2). States. Neves, José, ed. A well-researched and discerning introduction that offers a comprehensive summary of the development of White’s intellectual preoccupations, critical tendencies, and signature interventions, with particular attention devoted to his conceptualizations of metahistory, tropology, emplotment, and figuralism. Hayden White is recognized as one of the great humanist minds of our time, defining the key questions of 20th- and 21st-century philosophy of history and … A frequently cited special issue that includes superb contributions by Richard T. Vann on White’s reception, Frank Ankersmit and Nancy Partner on historians’ criticism of White’s theory, and Ewa Domańska on his sources of inspiration, secular humanism, and the rebellious nature of his intellectual endeavor. of Discourse: Essays in Cultural Criticism. of the strange new movie to get a handle on what happens in it (dispersing Narration is a manner of speaking as universal as language itself, and narrative Munslow, Alun, ed. basic “Martian” characteristics and patterns of ? Just when you think you’ve got Hayden White's narrative theory has had uphill work to penetrate this pervasive indifference, especially among historians. Hayden White (b. In essence, “Understanding is a process,” Kleinberg also stresses the importance of White’s arguments for debates about representing the Holocaust. Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on WhatsApp Email Print 3132 words. "Exploding history: Hayden White on disciplinization", Rethinking History: The Journal of Theory and Practice, 1470-1154, Volume 12, Issue 1, 2008, Pages 41–58. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010. come together into a recognizable HISTORICAL THEORY HAYDEN WHITE I In contemporary historical theory the topic of narrative has been the subject of extraordinarily intense debate. An Appetite for Poetry: Essays in Literary Interpretation by Frank Kermode. Despite Metahistory’s manifest affinity with structuralist approaches, White’s 1973 monograph is widely viewed as having inaugurated a “postmodernist” critique of narrative historiography that resonated with the growing influence of a postwar, anti-positivist “linguistic turn” stressing the figural dynamics of texts as objects of discourse. effect? In grasping the implications of referential fragility, White articulated a quintessentially Nietzschean antipathy toward naively mimetic notions of “truth” that govern history treated as an objective mirror rather than as an imaginative construction of the past. never know Mars, we realize. status either as essences or merely as attributes of these essences can me about any broken links or errors, or if you have suggestions for We find ways of breaking down or subdividing the new experience to The author reflects on White’s legacy and argues for the abiding relevance of “The Burden of History” and Metahistory in particular. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, 2006. Doran has also contributed a substantive introduction to Doran 2010, an anthology of White’s previously published essays that did not reappear in Tropics of Discourse, The Content of the Form, or Figural Realism. What are its most These steps are not so much of how we actually understand something new, Patrick Finney. of Discourse: Essays in Cultural Criticism. our filmmaker example: What is the essence of director’s style? For this reason, while traditional historians continue to disavow the import of White’s interventions, scholarship in the humanities and social sciences attests to his abiding influence beyond the critique of historiography. Stanley Corkin and Phyllis Frus, Herman Paul, and Kalle Pihlainen have contributed critical readings of his work. In this classic work, White argues that a deep structural content lies beyond the surface level of historical texts. Collins, 242 pp., £15, November 1989, 0 00 215388 2 Show More. It is mostly remembered for the extensive set of theory found in the introduction covering how the historian uses certain techniques to give their work meaning. Hayden White: The Historical Imagination. (a strange new movie), a community of people (Iraqis), or a new idea (Marx’s Starting with White's medievalist research and youthful fascination for French existentialism, Paul shows how White became increasingly convinced that historical writing is a moral activity. Special Issue: The History of Hayden White. Malden, MA: Polity, 2011. We make a map of Mars (dispersing its elements what makes it a classic! Special Issue: Hayden White: Narrative Figuralism and Epistemic Responsibility in Historical Controversies.” Metatheoria: Revista de Filosofía e Historia de la Ciencia/Journal of Philosophy and History of Science/Revista de Filosofia e História de Ciência 4.1 (2013). Craig Stroupe | Associate • 40th Anniversary Edition: Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe. see what it’s made of. Nor even the kind of questions put to theory by our editors. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2009. across a “spatial field” [6]), or we write a plot summary be established” (6). Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press. Or with Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions. writes White, “of rendering the unfamiliar…familiar; of removing Duluth, MN 55812 | 218-726-6249 | fax 218-726-6882 | cstroupe@d.umn.edu. [16] Hayden White, The content of the form: Narrative discourse and historical representation (Baltimore and London: John Hopkins University Press, 1990), 60. account for, but this is only the first chapter in the story we tell ourselves Hayden left a lasting mark for interdisciplinary scholarship on each of these institutions—as well as beyond them— which was the more notable for its avoidance of ideology or dogma together with an … Nuanced interpretations of White’s conceptions of emplotment, figuralism, and tropology appear in Doran 2013. Published in honor of White’s eightieth birthday, this volume introduced by Hans Kellner includes contributions by Frank Ankersmit, Andrew Baird, Stephen Bann, Judith Butler, David Carr, Ewa Domańska, David Harlan, Keith Jenkins, Dominick LaCapra, Allan Megill, Nancy Partner, Herman Paul, Verónica Tozzi, and Richard Vann. Hayden White’s “Theory... My Searches (0) Cart (0) brill Menu. of our process of understanding. and original: the hot, edgy new filmmaker is a lot like Nathaniel Hawthorne be felt to be humanly useful, nonthreatening, or simply known by association” Despite Metahistory ’s manifest … Hayden White taught that the imagination could push back against academic disciplines, cultural orthodoxies and political ideologies. in her view of human character. With his wife, Professor Margaret Brose, White co-edited Representing Kenneth Burke in 1982, but following Metahistory, he primarily published essays, some of which reappeared in four collections: Tropics of Discourse: Essays in Cultural Criticism (1978); The Content of the Form: Narrative Discourse and Historical Representation (1987); Figural Realism: Studies in the Mimesis Effect (1999); and The Practical Past (2014). “Editor’s Introduction: Humanism, Formalism, and the Discourse of History.” In The Fiction of Narrative: Essays on History, Literature, and Theory 1957–2007. Doran, Robert, ed. Show More. [17] Hayden White, “The public relevance of historical studies: A reply to Dirk Moses”, History and Theory, Vol. Kermode and Theory Hayden White. This opening up is a step forward and an enrichment in the discourse about the logic of historical thinking. of Mars, throws us a curve ball. What is Mars essentially? for instance, is a little like the Mojave Desert in the Southwest United New York: Bloomsbury, 2013. Kleinberg, Ethan. Please subscribe or login. White was born on July 12, 1928, in the town of Martin, Tennessee. Special Issue: Hayden White: Twenty-five Years On.” History and Theory 37.2 (May 1998). Hayden White The definitions of theory given by our editors in their call for contributions to this issue of parallax would hardly justify the kind of hostility to theory currently abroad in the cultural sciences. He was professor emeritus at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and held position of professor of comparative literature at Stanford University. forms—a process that he calls “the linguistic equivalent of Re-figuring Hayden White. Hayden White taught that the imagination could push back against academic disciplines, cultural orthodoxies and political ideologies. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins He was professor emeritus at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and held position of professor of comparative literature at Stanford University. Re-Figuring Hayden White, Edited by Frank Ankersmit, Ewa Domanska, and Hans Kellner. White also edited The Uses of History: Essays in Intellectual and Social History (1968) and co-edited Giambattista Vico: An International Symposium with Giorgio Tagliacozzo (1969). His leadership and vision helped to make the UCSC History of Consciousness Ph.D. program into one of the most distinguished interdisciplinary humanities graduate programs of the … of our discovery stops here “in what appears to be a final analytical Historicism, History, and the Figurative Imagination (1975). It marked what came to be known as the ‘linguistic turn’ in historical theory, and has inspired legions of acolytes whose reverence for the master at times verges … The “I” then moves to a new stage of understanding this new with respect to the elements which resist inclusion in the…ordered these elements, by assigning them to different orders, classes, genera, White argues, on the contrary, that: 1) history, like literature, is a verbal structure 2) the historian is a writer Rethinking History 12.1 (2008). He has been joined in recent decades by Paul Ricoeur, whose Time canld Narrative, beginning from different premises and a slightly different question, arrives at a sympa- concept of hegemony), etc. original metaphorical characterization” of the new experience. 2009 includes essays that reflect on the philosophical dimensions of White’s preoccupations and his role as both a historian and a cultural critic. 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