A. Dirk Moses - 2005 - History and Theory 44 (3):311-332. The most revolutionary claim is White's assessment that narratives are not a representation or depiction of historical reality, but are themselves a way of creating and perpetuating political and social order in the first place. Hayden White probes the notion of authority in art and literature and examines the problems of meaning - its production, distribution, and consumption - in different historical epochs. (1952) and Ph.D. (1955) degrees from the University of Michigan. White was born on July 12, 1928, in the town of Martin, Tennessee. Therefore, Hayden White was consigned to marginality in the circle of historical discourse. Excerto: This special issue of the journal Práticas da História – Journal on Theory, Historiography and Uses of the Past was organised upon hearing news of Hayden White’s death – born in 1928, in the U.S.A., White would live there for most of his life and there he died, on March 2018. In this classic work, White argues that a deep structural content lies beyond the surface level of historical texts. While Hayden White is especially known for his analysis of 19th century historiography, his work concerning historical narratives in a more general sense are equally important. Spell. SCARICARE LEGGI ONLINE. He leaves behind him not only family, friends, and colleagues, but also a vibrant legacy about the ways historians tell stories about the past. 2 (1966): 111–134, here 132. This new anti‐turn set off a hitherto unanswered question as to how research methodology should be treated. Croce and Becker: A Note on the Evidence of Influence (1971). ‘The king died, and then the queen died of grief’ is a plot. Since the publication of his groundbreaking monograph, Metahistory, in 1973, White?s work has been crucial to disciplines where narrative is of primary concern, including history, literary studies, anthropology, philosophy, art history, and film and media studies. He quickly gained renown as a scholar who viewed history as an art as much as a science, arguing that writing history was a matter of crafting narratives as much as assembling facts. In the end, he suggests, the only meaning that history can have is the kind that a narrative imagination gives to it. It marked what came to be known as the ‘linguistic turn’ in historical theory, and has inspired legions of acolytes whose reverence for the master at times verges … Hayden White was a historian in the tradition of literary criticism, perhaps most famous for his work Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe (1973). For him, history is not simply a list of chronological events. The influence of Maimonides helped White focus on a variety of possible interpretations of history, not limited or prescribed history, which diminishes the possibility of interpretation. A unique intellectual program, History of Consciousness dated from the birth of UC Santa Cruz in 1965 and emphasized a commitment to interdisciplinary research and teaching. Finney, Patrick. H ayden V. White, a leading intellectual and theoretical historian whose magnum opus Metahistory (1974) helped pioneer the linguistic turn in modern historiography, died on March 5, 2018, at his home in Santa Cruz, California. 1. It shifts his focus in the direction of identifying the importance of narratives in history. [13] White also argued, however, that history is most successful when it uses this "narrativity", since it is what allows history to be meaningful. Left to itself, it was a chaos of meaningless particulars. [14] Here, after the fashion of Hayden White himself, I coin a neologism to stand in for “Historical Philosophy” that I would hope he would have liked. In his last book, The Practical Past (2014), White paid tribute to the significant effect of Bossenbrook. According to White, the modern positivism on the one hand and the Philosophy of History on the other consolidate the oppositions (fact and interpretation, objectivity and imaginary, scientific and artistic). Since its initial publication in 1973, Hayden White’s Metahistory has remained an essential book for understanding the nature of historical writing. Start studying The Historical Text as Literary Artifact (Hayden White). In other chapters of the book, history / literature question is then addressed from three points of view: narrativity, history as literature, and literature as history. During 1972, while a professor of history at UCLA and acting as sole plaintiff, White sued Chief of Police Edward M. Davis, alleging the illegal expenditure of public funds in connection with covert intelligence gathering by police at UCLA. Web Resources. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press. Interpretation in History. Some historians will insist that history cannot become a science until it finds the technical terminology adequate to the correct characterization of its objects of study, in the way that physics did in the calculus and chemistry did in the periodic tables. The Historical Text as Literary Artifact (Hayden White) STUDY. https://nplusonemag.com/.../emancipation-from-the-burden-of-history 12 July 1928–d. As the accolades mounted, he continued to enjoy old colleagues and new, debates about many kinds of ideas and issues, and the enduring pleasures of the life of the mind. Hayden White's work can be seen as its most successful and effective manifestation. The Practical Past. Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-century Europe is a work of historiography by Hayden White first published in 1973. Hayden White, Traumatic Nationalism, and the Public Role of History1. Therefore, Bossenbrook regarded history as a mystery to be constantly pondered and studied rather than a puzzle to be solved. White, Hayden. White figured prominently in a landmark California Supreme Court case regarding covert intelligence gathering on college campuses by police officers in the Los Angeles Police Department. Start by marking “The Historical Text as a Literary Artifact” as Want to Read: He was a 40-year resident of Santa Cruz who traveled the world. II. "Exploding history: Hayden White on disciplinization", Rethinking History: The Journal of Theory and Practice, 1470-1154, Volume 12, Issue 1, 2008, pp. Hayden White (July 12, 1928 - March 5, 2018) was an American historian and historiographer. PLAY. Hayden White himself, of course, had never encouraged this dissipation of the central problem of historiography, which always maintained its irreducible difference from the narratives of fiction. In Memoriam He is the author of a number of books published by Johns Hopkins, including Tropics of Discourse: Essays in Cultural Criticism , The Content of the Form: Narrative Discourse and Historical Representation , and Figural Realism: Studies in the Mimesis Effect. Hayden White served as Director of Wesleyan’s Center for the Humanities and was a long-time contributor and editorial board member of History and Theory, which also has its home at Wesleyan.Hayden left a lasting mark for interdisciplinary scholarship on each of these institutions—as well as beyond them— which was the more notable for its avoidance of ideology or dogma together … Hayden White is professor emeritus of the histories of consciousness at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Meaning is something we impose on those particulars. He was 89 years old. 7. Hayden White, one of the most important figures of the last century in the historical discipline, helped to undermine this idea. As of this writing Thursday afternoon, just three notices of the Monday death of Hayden White have turned up in Google … Learn. The secret of the process by which consciousness invests history with Excerto: This special issue of the journal Práticas da História – Journal on Theory, Historiography and Uses of the Past was organised upon hearing news of Hayden White’s death – born in 1928, in the U.S.A., White would live there for most of his life and there he died, on March 2018. hayden white The Historical Event For the process of truth to begin, some-thing must happen. “The burden of history”. In this classic work, White argues that a deep structural content lies beyond the surface level of historical texts. Interpretation in History Hayden White HEORISTS OF HISTORIOGRAPHY generally agree that all histori-cal narratives contain an irreducible and inexpungeable ele-ment of interpretation. Please read our commenting and letters policy before submitting. Introduction. See also the intellectual biography by Herman Paul, Hayden White: The Historical Imagination (London, 2011). [16] He ended his career as University Professor Emeritus[17] at the history of consciousness department of the University of California, Santa Cruz, having previously retired from the comparative literature department of Stanford University. As of this writing Thursday afternoon, just three notices of the Monday death of Hayden White have turned up in Google News -- and only one of them in English: a tribute posted to the website of Wesleyan University, where White directed the Center for the Humanities from 1973 to 1976.. In the preface to the book’s 40th-anniversary edition, White wrote: After long reflection, it struck me that none of the historians of historiography that I knew had taken seriously the fact that historiography was first, necessarily, and most obviously writing, which is to say, inscription, of words or signs incised or laid upon a medium and which, by that process of inscription, are endowed with a power both material and spiritual, a power to at once “fix” things in time and seemingly reveal their meaning for their own time and for our own. Sep 4, 2018. He spent his early years in Tennessee; then his father moved to Detroit in search of jobs in the auto industry. Although trained as a medievalist, during his long and illustrious career White focused on modern European intellectual history and historical theory. This penetrating analysis of eight classic nineteenth-century thinkers explains how historians use literary techniques to write sophisticated historical works.Since its initial publication in 1973, Hayden White’s Metahistory has remained an essential book for understanding the nature of historical writing. Hayden White (1928– ) is an American literary theorist and historiographer whose work is strongly associated with the “linguistic turn” (postmodernism) in history. ", "History in the world: Hayden White and the consumer of history”, "Exploding history: Hayden White on disciplinization", "Hayden White and the Tragedy of International History", Hayden V. White Papers at University of California, Santa Cruz Special Collections, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hayden_White&oldid=992813436, Fellows of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz faculty, Stanford University Department of Comparative Literature faculty, Wikipedia articles that are too technical from September 2018, Articles needing expert attention from September 2018, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. As E. M. Forster expressed it: “‘The king died and then the queen died’ is a story. Metahistory proved to be both controversial and highly influential. Request PDF | On Feb 1, 2014, ADRIAN WILSON published The reflexive test of Hayden White's Metahistory | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Find books White, Metahistory, 37f. Foucault Decoded: Notes from Underground (1973). • Hayden White returns to age-old considerations; like Aristotle who in the POETICS questioned the fundamental differences between “history” and ‘poetry’: “Poetry tends to express the universal, history the particular.” • Notion of a truly scientific (positivist) historical representation has its origins in the Study any textbook on the theory and philosophy of history, and you will be assured that his 1973 book Metahistory marked a revolutionary turning point in historical theory. [15] This view is contrary to historians such as Fueter, Cooch, and Croce, who tried to distinguish between historiography and philosophies of history. London: Bloomsbury, 2013. 12, No.1 (2008): 16. Re-Figuring Hayden White, Edited by Frank Ankersmit, Ewa Domanska, and Hans Kellner. 2014. London: John Hopkins University Press, 1978. In 1978, White was hired, along with historian of anthropology James Clifford, as a faculty member in the History of Consciousness Board. HEORISTS OF HISTORIOGRAPHY generally agree that all histori-. White developed this line of thinking in full force in Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. White v. Davis, at 762. Hayden V. White, a leading intellectual and theoretical historian whose magnum opus Metahistory (1974) helped pioneer the linguistic turn in modern historiography, died on March 5, 2018, at his home in Santa Cruz, California. [13] Hayden White cited in Ewa Domanska, “A conversation with Hayden Whit”e, Rethinking History , Vol. With this influence, White enjoyed comparing historians' tasks. White v. Davis, 13 Cal.3d 757, 533 P.2d 222, 120 Cal. Articles by Hayden White: The Burden of History (1966). Rptr. [6], Among White's influences, two major figures who taught him 'how the historian interprets something. As a result, ‘a value-free history’ cannot be existed. He insists, in particular in chapter 7, that philosophies of history are indispensable elements in historiography, which cannot be separated from historiography. 5 March 2018) was a groundbreaking critic of conventional historiography whose emphasis on the moral, rhetorical, aesthetic, and fictive valences of narrative as a mode of figuration unsettled professional historians’ tendency to disavow the role of the imagination and form in the selective arrangement of evidence. White's dense article on narrative discusses the ways that different groups of 20th century historians, particularly historical theorists (see pp.8-9), have constructed and deconstructed narrative as a means of communicating history. The Content of the Form is a collection of essays by White. History explains temporal changes in the human world by telling a story about it. White taught at several institutions during his career, including Wayne State, the University of Rochester, Wesleyan University, Stanford University, UC Berkeley, and UCLA. White, Hayden. He was 89 years old. A must for any historian, but a little too deep - and perhaps boring- for those not familiar with history's theory and philosophy. olivia_purvis. [7] The second was 12th-century Jewish philosopher Moses Maimonides, particularly his interpretation of the Bible. Hayden White (born 1928) is professor emeritus at the University of California, Santa Cruz, having recently retired from the position of Professor of comparative literature at Stanford University. Hayden V. White, “The Burden of History,” History and Theory 5, no. HAYDEN WHITE'S CRITIQUE OF THE WRITING OF HISTORY 275 to a detailed critique I offer an outline of the reception of his work among historians and literary critics. Maimonides said that since the creation is vast and complex, and God's will is beyond human’s understanding, the goal of the Bible interpretation should be to maximize possible interpretations. Hayden White is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, professor emeritus of comparative literature at Stanford University, and professor emeritus of the history of consciousness at the University of California, Santa Cruz. He has also written The Content of the Form: Narrative Discourse and Historical Representation , Figural Realism: Studies in the Mimesis Effect , etc. terials in order to construct the moving pattern of images in which the. Hayden White probes the notion of authority in art and literature and examines the problems of meaning - its production, distribution, and consumption - in different historical epochs. Tyler Stovall | At a time when intellectuals like Michel Foucault and Jacques Derrida were challenging ideas of scholarly objectivity, Metahistory argued that history was above all writing, that its form was vital to its content. Editorial do número temático dedicado a “The History of Hayden White“. Hayden White is celebrated as one of the great minds in the humanities. [3], In 1998, White directed a seminar ("The Theory of the Text") at the School of Criticism and Theory. Hayden White thus strongly rejects concepts like 'historical' or 'scientific objectivity' and integrates the historian himself into the real-world power structures instead of placing him in a neutral position outside of the political framework. Hayden left a lasting mark for interdisciplinary scholarship on each of these institutions—as well as beyond them— which was the more notable for its avoidance of ideology or dogma together with an … In Metahistory (1973) he argued that historical writing should be read as a genre of literature, and that a … https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/page/journal/14682303/homepage/haydenwhite Quotes []. Its focus on historical writing as in effect literature appealed strongly not only to literary scholars and others interested in textual analysis, but also to the burgeoning field of cultural history. [9] Therefore, White contradicts the view that ‘historiography can be objective or truly scientific in itself, unaffected by anything.’. Apparently some of Hayden White’s ideas were shunned by many of his fellow historians, most particularly the idea that “all stories are fictions” according to Robert Doran a professor at University of Rochester. • 40th Anniversary Edition: Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe. In the end, he suggests, the only meaning that history can have is the kind that a narrative imagination gives to it. Hayden White's Metahistory (1973) marked this change paradigmatically. Marx regards the problem of history as the problem of the mode of explanation, while, for Nietzsche, the problem is the problem of the mode of emplotment. "Exploding history: Hayden White on disciplinization", Rethinking History: The Journal of Theory and Practice, 1470-1154, Volume 12, Issue 1, 2008, Pages 41–58. ISBN 9780804760034; Oliver Daddow. Since the publication of Metahistory, he has not chosen to compose another overarching synthesis of the historical production of a particular period. May his memory as teacher, theorist, writer and friend inspire us to get out from under the burdens of history and make the present and future our own. 94 (1975). Historians are concerned with events which can be assigned to specific timespace locations, events which are (or were) in principle observable or perceivable, whereas imaginative writers – poets, novelists, playwrights – are concerned with both these kinds of events … This article is about the historian. This article tries to place Hayden White's Metahistory between two trends: one before and one after 1973. [8] He argued that historical writing was influenced by literary writing in many ways, sharing the strong reliance on narrative for meaning. Hayden White is a controversial figure in the world of history. He was professor emeritus at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and held position of professor of comparative literature at Stanford University. Hayden White: Beyond Irony Hayden White: Beyond Irony Domanska, Ewa 1998-05-01 00:00:00 A crisis of our age that is usually identified with the loss of the sacred was one of the causes of the fall into irony in the nineteenth century. The purpose of history is often described as revealing the ‘truth’ about the past. Hayden White (b. In Topics of Discourse edited by Hayden White, 27-50. Although, not surprisingly, White did not always agree with all of his colleagues, he nonetheless thrived in this intense, innovative intellectual atmosphere. Hayden White is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, professor emeritus of comparative literature at Stanford University, and professor emeritus of the history of consciousness at the University of California, Santa Cruz. His 1966 essay “The Burden of History” interpreted history as storytelling, contending that without attending to the craft of writing the discipline would fail to keep up intellectually with other scholarly fields. In 1972, while at UCLA, he successfully sued the Los Angeles Police Department to stop it from planting police spies in university classrooms, arguing that it violated academic freedom. Created by. Tropes for the Past is an ideal introduction to the literature/historiography debate and Hayden White’s role in it. Since its initial publication in 1973, Hayden White’s Metahistory has remained an essential book for understanding the nature of historical writing. as co-editor (1969) with Giorgio Tagliacozzo. 1. The discursive historicities (the object of White’s history) include the historical practitioners such as Michelet, Ranke, Tocqueville, and Burckhardt and the philosophers of history such as Hegel, Marx, Nietzsche, and Croce. from Wayne State University (1951) and his M.A. • Hayden White returns to age-old considerations; like Aristotle who in the POETICS questioned the fundamental differences between “history” and ‘poetry’: “Poetry tends to express the universal, history the particular.” • Notion of a truly scientific (positivist) historical representation has its origins in the In his essay, entitled "Revisiting History in Hayden White's Philosophy," Mehdi Ghasemi refers to White's “Historical Fiction, Fictional History, and Historical Reality,” in which he writes “What we postmodernists are against is a professional historiography”. Hayden White’s 1973 Metahistory tossed the entire concept of historical science out the window, claiming that historians are fundamentally artists who imbue historical action with aesthetic and ethical purpose. takes shape in the historian's mind is ultimately determined at deep level, deeper than that on which the modes operate (which to some extent can be chosen and reflected upon consciously). While an undergraduate at Wayne State, White studied history under William J. Bossenbrook alongside then-classmate Arthur Danto. This case set the standard that determines the limits of legal police surveillance of political activity in California; police cannot engage in such surveillance in the absence of reasonable suspicion of a crime ("Lockyer Manual"). Philosophy of History after Hayden White. Hayden White. 5 March 2018) was a groundbreaking critic of conventional historiography whose emphasis on the moral, rhetorical, aesthetic, and fictive valences of narrative as a mode of figuration unsettled professional historians’ tendency to disavow the role of the imagination and form in the selective arrangement of evidence. He joined the Navy at the end of World War II, and after his service enrolled in Wayne State University on the GI Bill, earning a BA in history in 1951. From there he went to the University of Michigan, earning a doctorate in medieval history in 1956. Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press, 2014. From Hegel to Croce, he reviews and analizes the many different ways history was written in the nineteenth century and it's impact and influence in today's historiography. Since its initial publication in 1973, Hayden White’s Metahistory has remained an essential book for understanding the nature of historical writing. 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