The petioles are flattened laterally which encourages the leaves to flutter and rustle in the breeze. At the same time, the creation of unlined irrigation channels has opened a new cottonwood habitat. Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii subspecies fremontii Download this stock image: Freemont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) in autumn, Capitol Reef National Park, Utah, America, October. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. A Populus fremontii in Rock Creek Road, Inyo County, CA is registered as a California Big Tree. Fremont Cottonwood’s inflorescence consists of long catkin, up to six inches long, consisting of a spike with numerous, small, imperfect, and incomplete flowers. Multiple canker diseases can impact a Fremont cottonwood, appearing as sunken areas of dead tissue on the trunk or a branch. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. Cottonwood, Fremont cottonwood, Fremont Poplar, Western Cottonwood: Family: Salicaceae: USDA hardiness: 2-9: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats: Banks of streams and other moist places[71, 82]. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): wherever a fever needs reducing or an antiinflammatory is appropriate (Moore 1979). Fremont Cottonwood Bark: When I was just starting out carving with bark, I bought quite a bit of Fremont Cottonwood bark from Arizona. Trunk is smooth in young trees and becomes deeply furrowed with white cracked bark. Bark: Smooth and gray on young trees, thick and furrowed on old. Male and female catkins occur on different plants.44. Cottonwood bark. This grayish-brown bark helps protects this native tree from drought and fire. Conversely, Fremont cottonwood is dependent on a persistent source of water. Fremont cottonwoods occur in wet areas within arid climates. Since the wood is weak, branches routinely break off, and foliage is uneven. The bark is smooth when young, becoming deeply fissured with whitish cracked bark on old trees. I moved away from using it for in-the-round bark houses. It may be best known for its shade and gently whispering leaves on a hot summer day and for its buttery fall color. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic. Water Requirements: Moderate-High. - 2BNN4AX from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. It requires a groundwater source shallower than 10-12 feet. Fremont Cottonwood Bark. In addition, Fremont cottonwood can reproduce by suckers from roots and by resprouting from stumps and root crowns after damage to the main tree. The male flowers are tightly clustered and the outer portions of the anthers are often tinged pink. Cottonwood (populus fremontii) bark - gg58048547 GoGraph Stock Photography, Illustrations, and Clip Art allows you to quickly find the right graphic. The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieveswelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. ˈfrēˌmänt noun Usage: usually capitalized F Etymology: after John Frémont died 1890 American explorer : a poplar (Populus fremontii) of the southwestern United States and especially California and Arizona with whitish bark and deltoid orbicular… Trees may be referred to as male or female. In addition to the areas near streams and lakes, they may occur wherever subsurface water persists during the growing season. Under drought conditions, survival may be prolonged by selective dieback, whereby individual limbs die, reducing the water needs of the entire plant. The Inflorescence consists of a long drooping catkin, which blooms from March to April. A photo of this championship tree can be seen here. They are found within many different vegetation types below 6500 feet (2000 m) throughout California, in other states of the southwest United States and in northern Mexico. Young bark is smooth and thin. Their life span can be more than 130 years. For a week or two, this material blankets the ground and surrounding objects in cottony masses, giving the tree its common name. The fruit is a wind dispersed achene, that appears to look like patches of cotton hanging from limbs, thus the name cottonwood. These are the cottonwood pods covered … Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) SALICACEAE Populus fremontii, commonly known as Fremont's cottonwood or the Alamo cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. I found that Fremont Cottonwood bark is irregularly shaped, thin and contains hidden lose wood fibers that make it hard to carve. A large tree grows just east of the Rios trailhead and several are associated with the willows at the Nature Center, and at La Orilla, Santa Carina and Santa Inez trailheads. Margins are shallowly scalloped. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood as an antiscorbutic. Encinitas, CA 92023 Family: Salicaceae. (3-4 m). Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a deciduous tree related to willows, characterized by nearly triangular leaves and small seeds carried on the wind in cottony masses. Irrigation practices in western states have altered the distribution of Fremont cottonwoods. It is one of three species in Populus sect. Pueblo tribes used pieces of the trunk to make drums. Reaching heights up to 60 feet, Fremont cottonwood is one of the few tall trees in the Reserve. Habit: Populus fremontii is a deciduous tree that has an open habit with thick, broadly spread branches. [1][2] It is also classified as Populus fremontii ssp. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. Male and female flowers are borne on different trees, appearing in March and April,1 before the leaves. Fremont cottonwood Populus fremontii. [3][1], According to the National Register of Big Trees. Leaves: Heart-shaped, with round-toothed edges and flattened leaf stalks. It measures 103 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 332 inches and a crown spread of 120 feet. Flowers: Male flowers bright red, female flowers green (March-April). The Fremont cottonwood is a tree that grows in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the American Southwest. Although seeds remain viable for only a few weeks after dispersal, they are numerous and may be wind-carried for several miles; almost exclusively, they sprout in areas opened by recent flooding. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. Fremont cottonwood grows only on wet soil and is an indicator of permanent water and shade. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Record Observations. Members of this family, which also includes poplars, are important members of riparian communities. It is a large tree growing from 12-35 meters in height, with a trunk up to 1.5 meter diameter. This type of cottonwood originates from the southwestern US and is highly prevalent in states such as Arizona, Nevada, Idaho, Colorado, and Texas to name a few. Male tree in bloom| Rios trailhead | March 2010, Although we found numerous references to uses of Fremont cottonwood by native Americans,34,95 the details for use by Kumeyaay are scarce; they include a reference to use for structural, medicinal, utilitarian and ceremonial purposes.18, Like the related willows, cottonwoods contain salicin, a precursor to aspirin and numerous tribes used cottonwood bark or leaves as a tea or poultice for internal and external maladies.95, The Chumash, living around the Santa Barbara Channel, used cottonwood for house poles and occasionally made dugout canoes from the larger logs. On mature trees, the ash-gray bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures. The other members of this family in the Reserve are willows.48 Cottonwoods are distinguished from willows by the broad triangular leaf shape, by the flower clusters (catkins) which are pendulous instead of erect and by the fact that the flowers lack nectary glands. Look for cottonwoods like the “Mail Tree,” in the Doc Inglesby Picnic Area. When male catkins are numerous, they may give a tree a pink color. Leaf buds make an excellent ointment for burns and skin irritations. Bark of mature cottonwood tree. Flowers are small, lacking petals and clustered into drooping catkins. Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood as an antiscorbutic. Featuring over 42,000,000 stock photos, vector clip art images, clipart pictures, background graphics and clipart graphic images. 1 Fremont Cottonwood Seeds. Fremont Cottonwood . Fast-growing, Populus fremontii (Western Cottonwood) is an upright-spreading deciduous tree with stout branches clad with heart-shaped, bright green leaves turning a lovely yellow in fall. Fremont cottonwood has been widely planted as an ornamental and a shade tree, and used as a windbreak throughout the southwestern United States [92,97,104]. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. These have resulted in the loss of large cottonwood populations. Female flowers are more loosely clustered. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii Size (height & diameter): Up to 75 ft (22.9 m) tall, and 5 ft (1.5 m) in diameter Habitat: Lowland riparian; it is a dominant tree in riparian areas in the park. Species Description. These flowers produce cottonwood fruits. Cottonwoods are pollinated by the wind, while willows produce nectar which attracts a variety of pollinating insects. Native to Southwestern United States. Most, if not all, of the Fremont cottonwoods in the Reserve, are supported by year-round runoff from surrounding communities. Fremont cottonwood was used in the past by settlers and ranchers for fuel and fence posts. Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. The twigs were used by the Pima for basket materials, and Cahuilla tribes used the wood for tools. General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . Seeds: Hanging clusters of fruit dispense cotton-like seed (May-June). You will notice that mature cottonwood trees have a thick bark that is deeply fissured. Duration: Perennial, Deciduous Growth Habit: Tree Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Desert, Upland, Riparian. Fremont's cottonwood (P. fremontii) is native to the southwestern United States and western Mexico. Leaves are heart shaped with white veins and coarse crenate-sarrate teeth at… John Charles Frémont or Fremont (January 21, 1813 – July 13, 1890) was an American explorer, military officer, and politician.He was a U.S. [1], Populus fremontii is a large tree growing from 12-metre (39 ft) - 35-metre (115 ft) in height with a wide crown, with a trunk up to 1.5-metre (4.9 ft) in diameter. Enjoy. In the United States, the species can be found in Arizona, … [1] It grows inriparian areas near streams, rivers, springs, wetlands, and alluvial bottomlands in the Southwestern United States, and into northwestern Mexico, below 2,000-metre (6,600 ft) elevation. Mature trees have bark that is thick, grayish-brown, and deeply furrowed with scaly ridges. fremontii, and with synonyms P. f. var.arizonica and P. f. var. In Arizona, the Hopi consider Fremont cottonwood to be sacred. Male catkin | Rios trailhead | March 2010. macdougalii. Populus fremontii, the Fremont cottonwood or Alamo cottonwood, is a cottonwood poplar native to western North America, in California(except Modoc Plateau) and east to Nevada, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico, and south into Sonora in northwestern Mexico. The trees in the Reserve are found along natural seeps or along drainage from nearby residential areas. Genus: Populus. Fremont cottonwood definition is - a poplar (Populus fremontii) of the southwestern U.S. and especially California and Arizona with whitish bark and deltoid orbicular yellowish green leaves. 1 It may have an upright columnar form that can reach to about 7-90 feet (21-27 meters) in height and 2-3 feet (0.6-0.9 meters) in diameter. Branches are usually thick and long. Tree: Leaves: Bark: Female Flower Catkins; Male Flower Catkins: Male Flower Catkins, Spent: Seeds (why they call it Cottonwood!) Fremont’s Cottonwood (Populus Fremontii) Named after an American explorer in 19 th Century, Fremont’s Cottonwood is sometimes also called Alamo Cottonwood. In the desert, it needs weekly watering during hot weather if roots cannot tap the water table. Trunk diameter ranges from .30 to 1.5 meters. When the tree is young, the bark, branches, and twigs are smooth. Yellow-green. The whispering leaves are the gods speaking, and the root of the cottonwood is the wood used for Kachina dolls.95 The Kachina (or Katsina) are immortal beings that control many aspects of the world and act as messengers between mortals and the spirits. It may be best known for its shade and gently whispering leaves on a hot summer day and for its buttery fall color. Leaf buds make an excellent ointment for burns and skin irritations. There is only one species of cottonwood in the Reserve.48 In California, at least six varieties of P. fremontii have been described but only one subspecies, P. fremontii ssp. The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. They are associated with streams and lakes throughout arid, western North America. P.O. A few years ago, Fremont’s cottonwood was believed to be the … Fremont cottonwood is a fast-growing winter-deciduous tree that may reach 60 feet (20 m) or more. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood , is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. Bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat cuts, cure headaches, and wash broken limbs, and to treat saddle sores and swollen legs of horses. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Capsules open to release tiny seeds attached to tufts of fine, silky hairs which carry them on the wind; many tufts are not attached to seeds. (760) 436-3944. 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( 760 ) 436-3944 is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged using it in-the-round. Becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age consider Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic [ 18,100 ] runoff from communities. Upland, riparian announcements, and deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age yellowish. Dependent on a persistent source of water tinged pink they made women ’ skirts! That mature cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and foliage uneven... Becoming deeply furrowed with white cracked bark furrowed with whitish cracked bark age. Day and for its buttery fall fremont cottonwood bark South-western N. America - California Texas. Dried and softened by working it with their hands.15: native Habitat:,... The autumn 12 to 35 meters in height, and borne in egg-shaped capsules routinely break off, cure! Status: native Habitat: Desert, Upland, riparian, while willows nectar... Name: Populus fremontii Common Names: Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic [ 18,100 ] 1.5 meters catkin, as... Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered by Google Sites irrigation channels has opened a cottonwood... Tinged pink before the leaves are often preferred American tribes ate the inner bark of Fremont.... In|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered by Google Sites a pink color and flattened leaf stalks Upland riparian!