: New Poll Contradicts Earlier Ones", "Scientists are still keeping the faith,", "GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM", "Egypt: Are there really three million atheists? “Nones”are 20% of the world population and growing. Atheism is not a religion or is it a belief system, although it is protected by many of the same Constitutional rights that protect religion. [65] A 2012 Eurobarometer poll found that only 6% of the Luxembourg were "convinced atheists." The Census 2011 data puts India's population at 1.2 billion. "[58][59], A Produkt + Markt survey, commissioned by WIN-Gallup International, conducted on November, 2014, found that 17% of Germany were "convinced atheists. However, there are millions of known Atheists around the world. According to PEW, roughly 76% of the world’s non-religious population lives in Asia and the Pacific. [37] A study on depression and suicide suggested that those without a religious affiliation have a higher suicide attempt rates than those with a religious affiliation. Q Is atheism the worlds largest religion? It’s reasonable to suppose that there is a gray area between these two groups with some non … Countries and territories with the greatest proportion of Christians from Christianity by country (as of 2010 ): A surveyed list has been made of the top twenty countries that hold the highest number of individuals who are said to be either atheists, or agnostics. Luke Galen, a personality researcher, writes "Many previously reported characteristics associated with religiosity are a function not of belief itself, but of strong convictions and group identification. Atheist Richard Dawkins. Therefore, given limited poll options, some may use other terms to describe their identity. "[58][59], A Colmar Brunton survey, commissioned by WIN-Gallup International, conducted from 4 November 2014, to 11 November 2014 found that 13% of Australia were "convinced atheists. Maharashtra tops the list with 9,652 atheists, followed by Meghalaya (9,089) and Kerala (4,896). Determining the exact number of atheists in any part of the world is difficult, and all of the data collected on the topic represents only a \"best guess\" scenario derived by researchers. [61], A BRAIN Research survey, commissioned by WIN-Gallup International, conducted from 27 October 2014, to 7 November 2014 found that 4% of Mexico were "convinced atheists. "[55], A Infinite Insight survey, commissioned by WIN-Gallup International, conducted on November, 2014, found that 2% of Kenya were "convinced atheists. (2014). This study found that members of secular organizations are very likely to label themselves primarily as "atheists", but also very likely to consider themselves humanists. Survey designs may bias results by the wording of questions and the available response options. [52], In 1916, 1,000 leading American scientists were randomly chosen from American Men of Science and 41.8% believed God existed, 41.5% disbelieved, and 16.7% had doubts/did not know; however when the study was replicated 80 years later using American Men and Women of Science in 1996, results were very much the same with 39.3% believing God exists, 45.3% disbelieved, and 14.5% had doubts/did not know. And in Lithuania, 14% say they are “just a Another Asian country, Japan, ranks second with 46% of its population (58,342,720 people) who publicly identify themselves as being atheists. Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 33, 205-228. The biggest religion, though, is Christianity, which is practiced by an estimated 2.4 billion people. See also: Atheism and diversity and Asian atheism and Atheism and white males As far as the issue of diversity within the atheist population, compared to Christianity, atheism has a significantly less degree of geographic/cultural, racial, gender and personal wealth diversity (see: Atheism and diversity). This has been attributed to an increased exposure to diverse perspectives in multicultural societies, which challenges the claim of any one particular worldview. "[58][59], A Pew Research Center poll, conducted from June 2015 to July 2016, found that 9% of Estonian population were atheists, while 45% stated that they "Do not believe in God". This is the highest population of atheists in the world. [73], A Pew Research Center poll, conducted from June 2015 to July 2016, found that 2% of Poland were atheists, while 8% stated that they "Do not believe in God". It describes the size, age structure, and characteristics, such as gender, marital status, and educational levels, of both atheists and agnostics in various countries around the world. There are 1.8 billion Muslims in the world There are 1.08 billion Hindus in the world There are 0.5 billion atheists in the world. [69], A 2010 Eurobarometer poll found that 3% of the Cyprus stated that "I don't believe there is any sort of spirit, God or life force". [76], A Tebbutt Research survey, commissioned by WIN-Gallup International, conducted from 1 November 2014 to 15 November 2014, found that 0.41% of Papua New Guinea were "convinced atheists. For instance, 41% of Norwegians, 48% of the French, and 54% of Czechs claimed not to believe in a deity, but only 10%, 19%, and 20% of those respondents, respectively, self-identified as "atheist". As a group, compared to believers, atheists and … Statistics have shown that approximately 75% of Chinese citizens, some 1,029,390,000 people, identify as atheists. They are included in the “other” * Numbers are estimated and other researches showed lower figures, The six countries in the world with the most 'convinced atheists'. Christian” and do not specify a particular denomination. [20], Statistics on atheism are often difficult to represent accurately for a variety of reasons. [69], According to the 2011 Montenegro census found 1.24% of Montenegro were atheists. [66] 72% of EU citizens are Christians and 2% are Muslims.[67]. Globally, Muslims make up the second largest religious group, with 1.8 billion people, or 24% of the world’s population, followed by religious “nones” (16%), Hindus (15%) and Buddhists (7%). [51] Eugenie Scott argued that there are methodological issues in the study, including ambiguity in the questions. "[55], In November 2013, al-Sabah estimated that up to 3 million (3.57%) Egyptians were atheists. Galen, L.W., & Kloet, J. These states are in stark contrast in their belief patterns to the least religious states, wherein the top position goes to Vermont with around 56 percent of its population being registered under the … (2004), 7% of those in the Dominican Republic do not believe in God. [6], A Pew 2015 global projection study for religion and nonreligion projects that between 2010 and 2050 there will some initial increases of the unaffiliated followed by a decline by 2050 due to lower global fertility rates among this demographic. The list of religious populations by number of adherents from 1945 to 2019. "[58][59], A Pew Research Center poll, conducted from June 2015 to July 2016, found that 2% of Bosnia and Herzegovina were atheists, while 4% stated that they "Do not believe in God". [17], Because some governments have strongly promoted atheism and others have strongly condemned it, atheism may be either over-reported or under-reported for different countries. Of the developed nations, people in the United States were "most sure" of the existence of God or a higher power (2% atheist, 4% agnostic), while France had the most skeptics (19% atheist, 16% agnostic). Asia: Nearly 400 million Christian live in Asia (5 regions). "[58][59], A GORBI (Georgian Opinion Research Business International) survey, commissioned by WIN-Gallup International, conducted from 15 October 2014, to 15 November 2014, found that 1% of the Georgia were "convinced atheists. "[58][59], According to Inglehart et al. [9] Furthermore, the global study noted that many of the unaffiliated, which include atheists and agnostics, still have various religious beliefs and practices. What do philosophers believe? The literal definition of “atheist” is “a person who does not believe in the existence of a god or any … Just under 2-in-10 U.S. adults described themselves as very religious, with an additional 4-in-10 describing themselves as somewhat religious down from 49 percent in 2007. [56][57], A TNS RMS Ghana survey, commissioned by WIN-Gallup International, conducted from 7 November 2012, to 22 November 2012, found that 0% of Ghana were "convinced atheists. For example, asking s… [77], A Centro Nacional de Consultoría survey, commissioned by WIN-Gallup International, conducted from 1 November 2014, to 7 November 2014, found that 3% of the Colombia were "convinced atheists. "[58][59], A BJ Group survey, commissioned by WIN-Gallup International, conducted on 8 November 2014, to 19 November 2014 found that 1% of Morocco were "convinced atheists. [15], Though China has state atheism, 85% of the population practice various kinds of religious behaviors with some regularity. Christians believe in the holy trinity which consists of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit—as “one God in three Divine Perso… [21] Anthropologist Jack David Eller states that "atheism is quite a common position, even within religion" and that "surprisingly, atheism is not the opposite or lack, let alone the enemy, of religion but is the most common form of religion. The World Christian Encyclopedia estimated only 7.1 million Baháʼís in the world in 2000, representing 218 countries, and its evolution to the World Christian Database (WCD) estimated 7.3 million in 2010. The most atheist countries are: China with only 9% of the people surveyed declaring themselves as religious. An… "[58][59], A Market Trends International survey, commissioned by WIN-Gallup International, conducted from 13 October 2014 to 9 November 2014, found that 2% of Nigeria were "convinced atheists. (2004) found that 13% of those in Singapore do not believe in God. [34] In countries which have high levels of atheism such as Scandinavian nations, atheist organizations there generally have very low membership and only those that have links to a political party or offer legalized rituals have some noticeable membership. (2004), 14% of those in the Republic of China do not believe in God. [65], A deeper analysis of the 2010 Eurobarometer poll found that 9% of the Norway were atheists. [28] In terms of apostasy, a greater proportion of people who leave religion, do so for motivational rather than rational reasons and the majority of deconversions occur in adolescence and young adulthood when one is emotionally volatile. The surveyed individuals also had similar profiles for conscientiousness (discipline or impulse control, and acting on values like "pursuit of truth"). [33] A 2014 study created six different personality profiles of 'types' of nonbelievers and compared them to Big Five personality traits. Determining the exact number of atheists in any part of the world is difficult, and all of the data collected on the topic represents only a \"best guess\" scenario derived by researchers. A study on leading scientists in the US, with clearer wording and allowing for a broader concept of "god", concluded that 40% of prominent scientists believe in god. Words like God and atheism seldom translate well across cultures or languages, and if they are there, they have variant meanings which make cross-cultural comparisons tenuous. (AP) (CNSNews.com) – Atheism is in decline worldwide, with the number of atheists falling from 4.5% of the world’s population in 1970 to 2.0% in 2010 and projected to drop to 1.8% by 2020, according to a new report by the Center for the Study of Global Christianity at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary in South Hamilton, Mass. By comparison, there were 138 million atheists around the world in mid-2019 – slightly more than the 137 million in 2000 but less than the 165 million in 1970. "[58][59], A PSRC (Philippines Survey & Research Center Inc.) survey, commissioned by WIN-Gallup International, conducted on 9 October 2014, to 12 November 2014 found that 20% of Philippines were "convinced atheists. [1][2] In global studies, the number of people without a religion is usually higher than the number of people without a belief in a deity[3][4] and the number of people who agree with statements on lacking a belief in a deity is usually higher than the number of people who self-identify as "atheists". [65], A Pew Research Center poll, conducted from June 2015 to July 2016, found that 25% of the Czech Republic were atheists, while 66% stated that they "Do not believe in God". According to the 2008 ARIS, only 2% the US population was atheist, while 10% were agnostics. [40] A review of the literature found that being non-religious did not necessarily entail poorer mental health. Furthermore, atheists may not report themselves as such, to avoid suffering from social stigma, discrimination, and persecution in some countries. [61], According to Inglehart et al. Millennials and Gen Z are the most racially, ethnically, and religiously diverse generation in the US. [65], According to the CIA World Factbook, 11.3% of Spain are atheists. East Germany had the largest population of non-religious people. (2011). [48], A 2013 poll by UPI/Harris showed that three-quarters of U.S. adults say they believe in God, down from 82 percent in 2005, 2007 and 2009. For instance, merely not having a belief in a god, for whatever reason, does not automatically mean that people self-identify as an "atheist". The corresponding growth rate for Islam is 1.84%, making it the religion with the highest … [69], A ORB International survey, commissioned by WIN-Gallup International, conducted from 19 November 2014 to 28 November 2014, found that 13% of the United Kingdom were "convinced atheists. [1], According to WIN/Gallup International, in their 2012 poll of 57 countries, 23% of respondents were "not religious" and 13% were "convinced atheists" and in their 2014 poll of 65 countries 22% were "not religious" and 11% were "convinced atheists". [68], A 2010 Eurobarometer poll found that 2% of the Malta stated that "I don't believe there is any sort of spirit, God or life force". China is the world’s least religious country, according to a survey by WIN/Gallup International. Twenty-three percent of Americans identified themselves as not at all religious, nearly double the 12 percent reported in 2007. Information about local groups for atheists is sparse, but it’s most likely due to people not keeping websites updated. Two thirds of people still claim to be religious", "The Future of World Religions: Population Growth Projections, 2010-2050", "U.S. belief in God down, belief in theory of evolution up", "Do Scientists Really Reject God? [65], According to another Poll about religiosity in the European Union in 2012 by Eurobarometer 16% are Non-believers/Agnostics and 7% are Atheists. This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 05:05. Now, the number of religious people is increasing. [69], A Taloustutkimus Oy survey, commissioned by WIN-Gallup International, conducted from 19 October 2014 to 7 November 2014, found that 10% of Finland were "convinced atheists. For example, research indicates that the fastest growing religious status may be "no religion" in the United States, but this includes all kinds of atheists, agnostics, and theists. Misunderstanding of the term may also be a reason some label themselves differently. An… According to sociologists Ariela Keysar and Juhem Navarro-Rivera's review of numerous global studies on atheism, there are 450 to 500 million positive atheists and agnostics worldwide (7% of the world's population), with China having the most atheists in the world (200 million convinced atheists). 65% of those polled in a 2011 survey by the British Humanist Association answered no to the question "Are you religious? (2001), 7% of Cuba were atheist. In the United States, approximately 10% of Americans identify as atheists. One quarter (23%) of those with no religious identity still believe in a God. According to the Pew Research Center's 2012 global study of 230 countries and territories, 16% of the world's population is not affiliated with a religion, while 84% are affiliated.. A 2005 survey published in the Encyclopædia Britannica found that the non-religious made up about 11.9 percent of the world’s population, and atheists about 2.3 percent. [60], A IIACSS survey, commissioned by WIN-Gallup International, conducted from 20 November 2012, to 2 December 2012, found that 0% of Iraq were "convinced atheists. Sweden where 73% of the people surveyed said to be atheist or non-religious. "[58][59], A Be Research (Index Kosova) survey, commissioned by WIN-Gallup International, conducted from 1 November 2014, to 7 November 2014 found that 1% of Kosovo were "convinced atheists. The accuracy of any method of estimation is debatable, as there are opportunities to misreport (intentionally or not) a category of people without an organizational structure. Where deity-based religion is historically less influential than it is in western-european countries. (Global, in this case, refers to the 65 countries from which they were able to acquire data.) A perhaps surprise third contender for least religious countries in the world, the … "[58][59], A DataPrompt International survey, commissioned by WIN-Gallup International, conducted from 20 October 2014 to 14 November 2014, found that less than 3% of India were "convinced atheists. However, the given numbers do not necessarily constitute the exact number of people who claim to be non-believers in God. It’s reasonable to suppose that there is a gray area between these two groups with some non-religious people claiming to be atheists … [42], A 2004 survey by the BBC in 10 countries showed the proportion of the population "who don't believe in God" varying between 0% (Nigeria) and 39% (UK), with an average close to 17% in the countries surveyed, however, 8% of the respondents specifically stated that they consider themselves to be "atheists". 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