‘I did, however, see a small monkey with enormous military moustaches, a satyr tragopan (answers on a postcard), and a pair of red river hogs - each of which were fairly exciting in their own way.’ ‘Earlier Jammu and Kashmir had the western tragopan as its State bird.’ The population of Western Tragopan, a brilliantly-coloured Asian pheasant species, hovers on the brink of extinction globally and is estimated to be less than 3500. The world's only breeding centre of the brilliantly-coloured bird is in Sarahan town, Himachal Pradesh. Post-mortem findings of the dead birds including the chick has revealed bacterial (e-coli) infection. For all the latest India News, download Indian Express App. Male appears mostly dark with prominent white dots all over. The site of release in the sanctuary is around 3,200 metres above the sea level while the elevation of the breeding centre at Sarahan is around 2,300 metres, with both places being part of western tragopan’s natural habitat. Nests are found in trees, stumps, and small bushes, usually in an abandoned nest of another species. Each species account is written by leading ornithologists and provides detailed information on bird distribution, migration, habitat, diet, sounds, behavior, breeding, current population status, and conservation. Breeding and nesting season is between March to May. Gagandeep Singh Dhillon ... read more, * The moderation of comments is automated and not cleared manually by, Copyright © 2020 The Indian Express [P] Ltd. All Rights Reserved, Western tragopans soft-released into Himachal forest, Western tragopan, or Jujurana, is a brightly plumed bird endemic to northwest Himalaya, with an estimated global population of fewer than 3,500 individuals. It is also the state bird of Himachal. It is mainly found along the Himalayas from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan) in the west to Uttarakhand (India) in the east. Western tragopan, or Jujurana, is a brightly plumed bird endemic to northwest Himalaya, with an estimated global population of fewer than 3,500 individuals. The female is brownish-gray with paler underparts, and is finely streaked with white. The IUCN red list shows the species to be vulnerable while in India it is a schedule I species on the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act. Six birds raised in a pheasantry at Sarahan have been soft-released into the nearby Daranghati wildlife sanctuary, ie they have been shifted to the site of release and placed in temporary enclosures, or soft pens. Cancel Unsubscribe. A large pheasant-like bird. Western Tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus) is an IUCN Red List vulnerable species (VU) (IUCN, 2016), an endemic montane pheasant and has a narrow distributional range in the north-western Himalayan region. Western Tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus) State Bird Himachal Pradesh. Since 1992, when the Saharan aviary was set up for captive breeding of the Western Tragopan so as to augment the depleting population in the wild, this centre has bred only 20 birds and thus far has not been able to release any bird into the wild. The western tragopan is a scarce, shy, and elusive bird. You can best help shorebirds by observing from a distance and leashing your pets on the beach, allowing the birds to rest … Males are as beautiful to behold as they are rare to spot. Replacing the Himalayan Monal as the state bird of Himachal and also called as the ‘Jujurana’ meaning ‘King of the Birds’, the Western Tragopan captivates your attention with its beauty and crimson neckline. Click here to view State wise list of Indian state birds (symbols) – updated. In 1993, a male chick was born to a pair of wild-born rescued birds, which according to the World Pheasant Association, was the only western tragopan hatched in captivity anywhere in the world in the 20th century. The pheasants have also been tagged with very high frequency (VHF) radio devices, which will help a researcher monitor their location, movement and other parameters once they are out on their own. According to wildlife officials, Himachal Pradesh has seven different species of pheasants (a group of large-sized, highly colourful birds which display sexual dimorphism) of which Western Tragopan is the most elusive one. And they have each spot bordered with black. Western tragopan is the state bird, and a vulnerable pheasant species with an estimated global population of less than 3,500. The Western Tragopan is the rarest of all pheasants, and was also recorded as the state bird of Himachal Pradesh in India in 2007. Their range is very restricted. Population of Western Tragopan is threatened by several anthropogenic factors throughout its range. ... Yellow footed green pigeon is the state bird of Maharashtra but Forest owlet may replace the state bird hariyal. Western tragopan, or Jujurana, is a brightly plumed bird endemic to northwest Himalaya, with an estimated global population of fewer than 3,500 individuals. Snow Leopard would be the new State Animal, Western Tragopan (Jujurana) (Tragopan melanocephalus) to be State Bird and Pink Rhododendron (Rhododendron campanulatum) to be the State Flower of Himachal Pradesh. HP also runs a captive breeding centre for another pheasant species, the cheer pheasant, and 18 cheer phesants were reintroduced into the wild last year, out of which at least eight have survived so far. Rarely sighted and shy by nature, the bird has its habitat on … Ramnath Goenka Excellence in Journalism Awards, Statutory provisions on reporting (sexual offenses), This website follows the DNPA’s code of conduct. Six birds raised in a pheasantry at Sarahan have been soft-released into the nearby Daranghati wildlife sanctuary, ie they have been shifted to the site of release and placed in temporary enclosures, or soft … A Western Tragopan is a rare bird facing extinction and found in the western foothills of Himalayas. Unlock thousands of full-length species accounts and hundreds of bird family overviews when you subscribe to Birds of the World. Its range is very restricted. Western tragopan is one of the flagship species of the Himalaya and is the state-bird of Himachal Pradesh (HP), India, which is a stronghold for its population. 📣 The Indian Express is now on Telegram. It has white speckling all over, but the male Satyr Tragopan is the only tragopan to have white dots on the red breast. Western tragopan, or Jujurana, is a brightly plumed bird endemic to northwest Himalaya, with an estimated global population of fewer than 3,500 individuals. The diversity in the State’s geography, from the plains to the mountains, helps Himachal to be home to many plant, tree, bird and animal species; many of them being endemic to the state. Bank myna (Acridotheres ginginianus) complete detail – updated, Crested bunting (Melophus lathami) Yuvaraaj – complete detail, Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park – complete detail – updated, Deforestation and Its impacts on nature & natural resources, Definition of Wildlife Sanctuary According to wildlife protection act 1972. The released birds, comprising two pairs and two chicks, were raised in a conservation breeding centre at Sarahan in Shimla district. Tragopan Facts Tragopan pheasants are the most colorful of all pheasants. Locals call the species jujurana, king of birds. Western Tragopan(Jujurana)___The State Bird of Himachal Pradesh The Life Science. Log in, Fundamentals of Ecology and Environmental Science, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click here to view State wise list of Indian state animals (symbols) – updated. Since it is a highly endangered species, Himachal has vowed to protect its existence and built nature reserves for the purpose. Note the bright orange patch on the breast, the red hindneck, the reddish face bordered by a black crown and ears, and the blue throat. But monal (lophophorus impygenus), another beautiful bird, remains the State Bird of Uttarakhand and the national bird of Nepal. Explained: What is special about Mallana Cream, Himachal’s unique cannabis product? The Western Tragopan is considered as the rarest of all living pheasants. Click here to join our channel (@indianexpress) and stay updated with the latest headlines. A soft-release is a precursor to full release and helps the birds adapt to the area’s climate and environment. The western tragopan is the state bird of Himachal Pradesh. The Temminick's Tragopan is thought of as the most beautiful among the family and is also an excellent breeder in captivity. VISHAL GULATI reports Female is similar in shape, but all brown with thin white streaks on the back and reddish-brown wings. Since being imported to the United States, it's become the best bred bird of all Tragopans in the Western world. The western tragopan is considered the rarest of all living pheasants. Name of the state bird of Nagaland is Blyth’s tragopan. Western tragopan is a Schedule – I bird, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Vulnerable (VU) by the IUCN. It is the state bird of Himachal Pradesh. The Western Tragopan inhabits a relatively small range in the Western Himalayas and as a region specific specie, maximum sightings of this bird in recent times have been reported in Himachal Pradesh. It was accorded the status of state bird of Himachal Pradesh in 2007. A large, short-tailed pheasant. This region, covering western and north central Massachusetts, contains some of the state’s most productive forest soils — particularly in the limestone regions of Berkshire County — as well as some of its least productive sites, like those in the cold, boggy headwater regions where red spruce and balsam fir become significant components. It is also the state bird of Himachal. The call of the western tragopan, described as a loud “ohh ohhah ohaah ohaaah ohaaaha” or “gnau gnau” or “gock gock gock”. It was a western tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus), Himachal’s state bird — one that very few people have actually seen in the wild. The western tragopan is a medium-sized brightly plumaged pheasant found along the Himalayas from Hazara in northern Pakistan in the west to Uttarakhand within India to the east. In Kashmir, it is known as "DaanGeer", in Chamba, it is known as "Phulgar" and in Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh, this bird is locally called jujurana which means "king of birds". Not satisfied with having made all kinds of birds, check the gods took time off to create the Western Tragopan. The Western Tragopan is the darkest of all Tragopans, as the males are mostly greyish-black with numerous white spots. This extremely rare bird, Forest Owlet found in Melghat region of Maharashtra. Currently, the captive population is housed in enclosures and breeding aviaries which try to recreate natural surroundings of the species, and the birds are fed a diet consisting mainly of fruits, vegetables, greens, seed mix, a small amount of egg and occasionally wild items collected from the natural habitat such as berries. It is also the state bird of Himachal. Western tragopan and cheer pheasant are among the five species of birds from the state which were listed under species of a high conservation concern by ‘State of India’s Birds 2020’, a report released earlier this year. Himachal Pradesh – Western Tragopan and Snow Leopard. The third State Wildlife Board meeting in 2007 decided to crown western tragopan (tragopan melanocephalus), locally known as jujurana, as the state bird of Himachal Pradesh … The six birds, comprising two pairs and two chicks, are expected to be let out of the pens during the next few days, or during the upcoming wildlife week when an official event by state forest department will be held to mark the release. The unparalleled beauty of the Tragopan comes from a feather each; contributed by all the bird species that exist and offered to the gods to clothe this beautiful monarch among birds, order speak the legends of Kullu Valley. Sarahan pheasantry, or the Western Tragopan Conservation Breeding Centre, located at Sarahan in Shimla district is the only centre in the world where conservation breeding of the bird is being carried out, as per the wildlife wing of the state forest department. Western Tragopan | Jainy Kuriakose L ooking gorgeous and decorated with inexplicable aesthetic appeal, the Western Tragopan bird in Himachal Pradesh has gained global attention again. The first attempts at keeping and breeding the species in captivity were carried out in the early 1990s, when the pheasantry was a small rescue centre. Size of adult male is between 65 to 73 cm, and the size of female is between 55 to 65 cm. Tragopan is also the state bird of Himachal Pradesh in India. It is locally known as the jujurana or king of the birds. The other three species are the Steppe Eagle, Slender-billed Vulture and West Himalayan Bush Warbler. 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